Eeyou Istchee Establishing and comanaging a network of

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Eeyou Istchee Establishing and co-managing a network of new protected areas based on areas

Eeyou Istchee Establishing and co-managing a network of new protected areas based on areas of importance to the Crees of Eeyou Istchee ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie

Cree Regional Conservation Strategy (CRCS) • Developed by Cree Nation Government and Eeyou Protected

Cree Regional Conservation Strategy (CRCS) • Developed by Cree Nation Government and Eeyou Protected Areas Committee (EPAC) in 2013 • EPAC had reps from 10 Cree communities, Cree Trappers Association, Youth Council, and CNG Environment and Cultural Departments • provide regional approach for protected and conservation in Eeyou Istchee • respect for Cree rights and protection of Cree lands, waters and resources • guiding framework for partnerships between Cree and other governments, non-Cree residents, ENGOs, researchers and other stakeholders • built using Cree traditional knowledge and scientific knowledge to ensure the best of both systems inform planning and decision-making ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie • www. eeyouconservation. com

Cree Regional Conservation Strategy (CRCS) Goals: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Cree Regional Conservation Strategy (CRCS) Goals: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. create an interconnected network of conservation areas of cultural and ecological importance for the safeguarding of biodiversity conserve wildlife populations and enhance food security for present and future generations ensure full Cree participation in conservation planning and management ensure that Cree knowledge, culture and land management systems play a central role in conservation initiatives build Cree capacity for conservation planning and management ensure that Cree Youth are engaged in all stages of the Strategy integrate conservation science principles and build in resilience to climate change ensure that the Strategy is adaptive and based on the best available knowledge ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie

 • Currently ~15% of Eeyou Istchee protected • Most protected areas established 2003–

• Currently ~15% of Eeyou Istchee protected • Most protected areas established 2003– 2009 • In 2015, a few more areas added • In Feb 2015, the Quebec Government announced new protection targets under Plan Nord: 20% protected areas in the Plan Nord territory, by 2020. • Quebec also looking for additional 30% protection outside of designated protected areas. Mechanisms not yet defined.

Community. Level Planning – Identifying Cree cultural priorities • Work with Chief/Council, tallymen, land

Community. Level Planning – Identifying Cree cultural priorities • Work with Chief/Council, tallymen, land users, Elders and others to identify priority areas for protection • Decisions about which areas to prioritize are made at the community level. • CNG provides technical planning and advisory support • Different planning scales: Individual trapline, combined trapline areas for each community as a whole, and scale of all of Eeyou Istchee

New cultural data collected ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council

New cultural data collected ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie

Identifying priorities using conservation science principles Little industrial disturbance Connected by Water Flow ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ

Identifying priorities using conservation science principles Little industrial disturbance Connected by Water Flow ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie

Capture Natural Diversity of Landscape ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand

Capture Natural Diversity of Landscape ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie

Proposals submitted to Quebec in Nov 2018 • Community PA proposals – 66, 381

Proposals submitted to Quebec in Nov 2018 • Community PA proposals – 66, 381 km 2 (16%, about the size of Ireland) • Woodland Caribou proposal 27, 308 km 2 (6%, size of Israel) • Community PAs + Caribou proposal – 92, 692 km 2 (22%, size of Jordan) • Existing PAs + Community PAs + caribou proposal 139, 671 km 2 (34%, between Greece and Nepal)

Take away message Our Vision in CRCS: Maintain strong ties to Cree cultural heritage

Take away message Our Vision in CRCS: Maintain strong ties to Cree cultural heritage and way of life, and sustain biodiversity, through the creation of a large, interconnected network of protected areas that are managed by Cree Guardians. Cng is aiming to establish at least 28, 000 km 2 of lands and waters as Biodiversity/Aquatic Reserves under the Quebec Natural Heritage Conservation Act*, representing a durable commitment to conservation through collaboration. The CNG is also committed to ensuring that Cree people are engaged in the long-term management and stewardship of protected areas through the development of a coordinated Cree Guardians program… ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie

ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou

ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie

ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou

ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie Landscape and Species • Functioning networks of intact boreal forests, freeflowing rivers, vast peatlands, lakes, riparian habitat and alpine ecosystems. • Protected area proposals provide important habitat for species-at-risk (woodland caribou, olivesided flycatcher, yellow rail, and lake sturgeon) and culturally-significant species for Crees such as moose, goose and waterfowl, beaver, marten, and many species of fish.

ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou

ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie Status & Threats • Eeyou Istchee unevenly impacted by past development. • Territory is roughly divided in half - with the northern limit of commercial forestry representing a significant transition between type of development impacts. • Areas south of this limit are most threatened by forest harvesting and associated road-building. • Forestry roads open up the landscape to mineral exploration and recreational development.

ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou

ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie Status & Threats ● Some of the world’s largest hydro-electric power developments occur within the northern part of Eeyou Istchee. ● Reservoirs and river diversions from these developments have altered aquatic habitats and species compositions. ● Associated access roads and transmission lines have fragmented the landscape. ● Mineral exploration and mine development is also increasing.

What does success look like? • A network of large, intact and hydrologically-connected protected

What does success look like? • A network of large, intact and hydrologically-connected protected areas across Eeyou Istchee, that are managed and stewarded by Cree Guardians, supported by a stewardship endowment fund. • Woodland caribou, wolves, lynx, and marten moving freely across large landscapes. • Healthy populations of cultural keystone species (moose, beaver, goose) to ensure continuity of Cree cultural practices and food security. • Abundant populations of native fish in free flowing rivers and clean freshwater. • Long-term planning and stewardship capacity to manage conservation values and threats based on Indigenous knowledge and conservation science. ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie

Meegwetch! Thank you! ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of

Meegwetch! Thank you! ᐐᓂᐯᑰᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᓅᐦᒋᒦᐅᐄᔨᔫᒡ ᐁ ᓈᑕᒫᑐᑣᐤ (��� ) ᐄᔨᔫ ᑎᐯᔨᐦᒋᒉᓲ Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Grand Conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) Cree Nation Government Gouvernement de la Nation Crie