- Slides: 25
East & Southeast Asia Geography Chapters 27, 28, 29, 30, 31. 1, 32. 2
Physical Geography § Mountain Ranges § Many in the area § Himalayas § Separate China from India § Kunlun Mountains § West China § Source of China’s two great rivers § Huang He (Yellow) and Chang Jiang (Yangtze) Kunlun Mountains
§ Landscape of East Asia among the roughest in the world. § Mountains restrict movement of people, goods and ideas § Few flat surfaces § Some exist § Plateau of Tibet (Xizang Plateau), Tarim Pendi Basin, Taklimakan desert (western China) § Link to online info about Taklimakan Desert § Gobi desert § One of largest in the world § In China and Mongolia § Covers more land than Texas and California combined!
§ Peninsulas and Islands § § § East coast of china has many peninsulas Gives China long coastline = helps economically Islands § Japan (group of Islands) and Taiwan (claimed by China but has declared it’s independence) § Developed with less outside influence due to physical isolation. Skydiving near Mt. Fuji, Japan. (Volcanic Islands)
§ River systems § § § Huang He (Yellow) -Named due to yellow silt the river carries Chang Jiang (Yangtze) § Longest river in Asia - Major trade route since ancient times § Xi Jiang (West River) § Runs in South China
3 Gorges Dam § Dam across the Yangtze or Chang Jiang § Add notes from clip. Three Gorges Dam Short Film 3. 30 minutes
Natural resources § Water resources § Rivers and seas § Large energy resources § Petroleum, coal, natural gas § Human resources § More MANPOWER § than anywhere else in the world!!
Climate Issues § Many climate zones. § Physical Geography Issues § Typhoons (Wind storms over water) § Ring of Fire § Earthquakes Film concerning new buildings vs. earthquakes in Japan
§ Weather issues affect many things § Population distribution § Building codes § Look at Tsunamis Film on Tsunamis in Japan
§ Why would people still live here § Push-pull factors § Push factors § Deadly climate, overcrowding § Pull factors § Warm climate, tropical areas, good jobs §Pacific Rim §Name given to the countries surrounding the Pacific ocean §An economic and social region
Population Distribution § Most people live along the water in Asia
EAST & Southeast Asia Human Geography § Early Chinese history § Dynasties – series of rulers from the same family § Shang – 1 st Dynasty § Qin = Chihn = Chin Dynasty § “Built” the great wall § Han Dynasty § Expanded great wall to protect Silk Road Terra Cotta Soldiers that were buried next to Emperor Chin Shi Huangdi’s gravesite to protect him in the afterlife.
§China opens up §Silk road (trade route) brings diffusion and acculturation Original Silk Road Other Silk Routes
§ Then Europeans come in to colonize § Spheres of influence § Britain, France, Germany, Russia and Japan divide China up. § Boxer rebellion § Add info from clip as notes. Image of a Chinese “Boxer”, 1900, from the National Archives and Records digital collection
Political Change in China § Mao Zedong led a Communist Revolution in China § Add info from clip as notes.
§ Confucianism § Founded on ideas of ________________ § Beliefs_________________________
§ Taoism § Founded on teachings _____________ § Beliefs_____________________
The Yin & Yang symbol is a Taoist emblem representing harmony between the male and female influences in the world. § Buddhism § Brought in from India § Remember from previous discussions.
Economics China is mostly a rural economy, in spite of its economic growth. ≈60% of China’s workers work on farms.
§ Industrial Economy § China’s economy is GROWING § Industrial base is in the northeast. § Shanghai = center of Chinese manufacturing
§ After World war II , China and Japan emerged as manufacturing leaders § JAKOTA Triangle § Japan, South Korea and Taiwan make up the Jakota triangle. § The area has become part of a global economy § Nations become dependent on each economically
§ One problem the world looks down on in East Asian manufacturing is sweatshops
§ Industrialization is also having negative effects on the environment, and urban sprawl and poverty § Space utilization § Some Asian countries are running out of room! § How to fix it? § Build smaller Link to Capsule hotels in Japan § Build up, not out. § Landfill – especially Japan § Layering garbage between layers of dirt to reclaim land.
Tiananmen Square § late 1980’s Chinese students protested against China’s Communist govt. , gunned down by their own army