- Slides: 23
Early Literacy Skills 6 Skills: • Listening & Speaking (Vocabulary) • Print Motivation • Print Awareness • Narrative Skills • Alphabet (Letter) Knowledge • Word Sound (Phonological) Awareness
Listening & Speaking (Vocabulary) Skill 1 • Vocabulary, knowing the names of things, is an extremely important skill for children to have when they are learning to read. • Most children enter school knowing between 3, 000 and 5, 000 words. • Children’s vocabulary is helped by reading a variety of books, both fiction and nonfiction, and by naming all the objects. http: //www. multcolib. org/birthtosix/
Listening (Vocabulary) The body of words that a person recognizes and understands well enough to comprehend them when read or heard. You understand it when others use it. Using “show me where” and giving short directions.
Listening (Vocabulary) • At 12 months, understands 50 words; at 15 months, 120 words; at 16 months, 170 words; at 18 months, 200 or more words. • Between 12 and 15 months, acquires about one word every other day. During a "spurt" between 16 and 23 months, children typically acquire one or two words per day. • At 12 -14 months, learns words when adults name objects that are nearby or in hand. By 14 or 15 months, points to objects further away for adults to name. Vocabulary words include many nouns (names of things), some verbs (e. g. , kiss, kick, open, sleep), some descriptive words (e. g. , cold, full, all gone, broken), some pronouns (e. g. , he, mine) and some location words (e. g. , down, in). http: //www. pbs. org/parents/childdevelopmenttracker/one/language. html
Listening (Vocabulary) Checklist Body parts Directional terms Shapes Transportation Community Nature Geography Emotions Clothing
Speaking (Vocabulary) • At 12 months, the average child says up to three words and may also communicate by grunting, nodding, pointing, etc. • • • At 15 months, the average child says 14 words. At 16 months, the average child says 40 words. • At 18 months, the average child says 68 words. • At 23 months, the average child says about 200 words. http: //www. pbs. org/parents/childdevelopmenttracker/one/language. html
Speaking (Vocabulary) Checklist Animals Body parts Clothing Food Household objects Nature Common objects People Tools Toys Transportation
Skill 2 Print Motivation • Print Motivation is a child's interest in and enjoyment of books. A child with print motivation enjoys being read to, plays with books, pretends to write, asks to be read to and likes trips to the library. • Encourage print motivation by making shared book reading a special time, keeping books accessible, and letting them see that you enjoy reading. Explain how you use reading and writing in everyday life. http: //www. multcolib. org/birthtosix/
Print Motivation: Patron Questionnaire • Questions to include aspects of each of the six skills and the Print Motivation skill. • A sampling of parents will be surveyed over the summer.
Early Literacy Library Patron Questionnaire Does the child have an -interest in books? -enjoyment of books? Does the child enjoy -being read to? -playing with books? Does the child -pretend to write? ask to be read to? like trips to the library? select books to check out on their own? Does the child -Have reading time at home? Have their own book collection at home? Like reading to you? Increase in vocabulary -Rhyming words? demonstrate the correct way to read – holds book right-side up, points at beginning of sentence? name objects in the book? “read” to a parent or sibling?
Skill 3 Print Awareness • Print Awareness includes learning that writing in English follows basic rules such as flowing from top-to-bottom and left-to-right, and that the print on the page is what is being read by someone who knows how to read. • Print awareness can be encouraged by pointing out and reading words. http: //www. multcolib. org/birthtosix/
Print Awareness Checklist Point to Name/Title of the story. Talk about the writer and illustrator Direct which way to read, from left to right Point to where to start reading, the first word in a sentence Sweep back to the next line Point to each word as read Talk about punctuation at the end of a sentence
Skill 4 Narrative Skills • Narrative Skills, being able to understand tell stories, and describe things, are important for children being able to understand what they are learning to read. • Strengthen narrative skills by asking children to tell you about the book, instead of just listening to you read the story. http: //www. multcolib. org/birthtosix/
Narrative skills = Comprehension • Narrative skills are the ability to describe things and events and tell stories. • Narrative skills are important for children to be able to understand what they are learning to read. • Being able to talk about and explain what happens in a story helps a child understand the meaning of what he or she is reading. Good narrative skills lead to good reading comprehension. • Name things (real objects and pictures in books) as you go through the day. Use songs and nursery rhymes. • Narrate life. Explain them in simple terms: For example, say “First we‘ll buy this pancake mix, then we’ll go home and then we’ll make pancakes. ” This helps children understand that stories have a BEGINNING, MIDDLE and END.
Narrative Skills Checklist Narrative Skills Babies – Librarian names objects (real objects - body parts and picture objects - animals) Toddlers – Librarian recites life narration (getting dressed, body parts) Pre-school – children retell the story (questions: how did the story start, what happened next, how did it end) Pre-school – children descriptive retelling using art to go into story details School age – children give story prediction through questions School age – children give story retelling using props, acting, puppets and art
Alphabet (Letter) Knowledge Skill 5 • Letter Knowledge includes learning that letters have names and are different from each other, and that specific sounds go with specific letters. An example of letter knowledge is a child's ability to tell the name of the letter B and what sound it makes. • Letter knowledge can be developed by using a variety of fun reading or writing activities, like pointing out and naming letters in alphabet books, picture books, or on signs and labels. For babies, talk about the shape of things, and for preschoolers, try drawing letters and pictures in the sand. http: //www. multcolib. org/birthtosix/
Alphabet (Letter) Knowledge Checklist Alphabet (Letter) Knowledge Uppercase letter naming Lowercase letter naming Letter sounds Point to a letter Point to a word Point to a capital letter Point to first letter in a word
Word Sound (Phonological) Awareness Skill 6 • Phonological Awareness is the ability to hear and manipulate the smaller sounds in words. • Phonological awareness includes the ability to hear and create rhymes, to say words with sounds or chunks left out and the ability to put two word chunks together to make a word. Most children who have difficulty in reading have trouble in phonological awareness. • Strengthen phonological awareness by playing fun word games: Make up silly words by changing the first sound in a word: milk, nilk, pilk, rilk, filk. • Say words with a pause between the syllables (c-at, m-op). • Read stories of poems with rhymes or different sounds. http: //www. multcolib. org/birthtosix/
Word Sound (Phonological) Awareness Checklist Babies – rhyming stories, songs and finger plays Toddlers – rhyming stories, songs, finger plays Pre-school – making up silly words that rhyme, reading stories, songs, etc. School age – rhyming words together Alliteration Syllables
Don't Forget. . . ✤ Photo release form ✤ Presenter's contract ✤ Keep files for five years (we are in year two) 2013 (done), 2014 (current), (future) 2015, 2016, & 2017
2013 - 2017 SRP Evaluation Overview ✤ 2013 Literacy Skills Evaluation, Outreach and Teen Services baselines ✤ 2014 Literacy Skills Evaluation only ✤ 2015 Outreach Evaluation only ✤ 2016 Teen Services Evaluation only ✤ 2017 Literacy Skills Evaluation only