Early attempts at Government A choice to make

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Early (attempts at) Government

Early (attempts at) Government

A choice to make Three different types of systems in government Confederation: Power is

A choice to make Three different types of systems in government Confederation: Power is placed in local governments, with less power being placed into a central government Unitary: The central government has more control than local governments Federalist: Power is split between local and central governments

A Confederation: Loose association of political bodies with no strong central government Why would

A Confederation: Loose association of political bodies with no strong central government Why would the states choose a confederation? Fear of strong government bringing tyranny based on the experiences with the king States wanted to remain in power of their society They had a major thing for John Locke philosophy

The Articles of Confederation = John Locke’s Government Good things: Created laws Declaring war

The Articles of Confederation = John Locke’s Government Good things: Created laws Declaring war possible/army maintained Sign/make treaties Borrow money Stop states from fighting Acknowledge money Created a post office Amendments possible

Bad things on the Articles Had no executive, court system, and passing laws took

Bad things on the Articles Had no executive, court system, and passing laws took 2/3 rds votes Declaring war possible, army maintained but no ability to draft soldiers Sign, make treaties but could not actually enforce them No ability to pay back debts because taxes were voluntary Stop states from fighting but couldn’t regulate trade between them Acknowledge money but no official currency Amendments possible, needed a unanimous vote to do it

What were the Articles missing? Hobbes. Simply put, the Founders learned the hard way

What were the Articles missing? Hobbes. Simply put, the Founders learned the hard way that without FORCE people will not do what the government wants The states aren’t going to volunteer soldiers if they don’t have too They aren’t going to pay taxes if they don’t have too Turns out… you can’t go full Locke

The Turning Point: Shay’s Rebellion Something known as the Shay’s Rebellion spelled out to

The Turning Point: Shay’s Rebellion Something known as the Shay’s Rebellion spelled out to the Fathers that changes were needed Daniel Shay was a farmer upset with the imposition of taxes and poor economic conditions (go figure) Went on a campaign to overthrow Massachusetts government Calls for reform begin, one historian noted “This event changed the course of history”

Experience Matters Most of the delegates at the Constitutional Convention were pros at writing

Experience Matters Most of the delegates at the Constitutional Convention were pros at writing Constitutional Governments. As seen in your state constitution assignment, they had been experimenting with what works for nearly ten

Pennsylvania Constitution - 1776 Single House Legislature No single Executive, but a council Separation

Pennsylvania Constitution - 1776 Single House Legislature No single Executive, but a council Separation of powers exist with branches, legislative supremacy Voting based on ‘freemen’ status Council can revise laws before being passed. Extensive list of Rights granted

New York Constitution 1777 Two House legislature Single Governor with military power Separate branches

New York Constitution 1777 Two House legislature Single Governor with military power Separate branches of government People who are free and pay taxes may vote Governor has veto power, can be overridden Has several rights, Declaration of Independence first

Massachusetts Constitution - 1780 2 house legislature Single governor Freemen may vote who own

Massachusetts Constitution - 1780 2 house legislature Single governor Freemen may vote who own property and pay taxes Checks and balances much more extensive Removal of judges Judicial review Governor may veto or revise Strongest executive Extensive Bill of Rights

The Takeaway? The state governments had much more detail on how the government would

The Takeaway? The state governments had much more detail on how the government would work. This helps give experience to those who write the national government. But how to find a balance? Finally, Founders feared a strong national government. Comparing what we have vs. options that existed our national constitution is pretty limited, but can do just enough to get by