Earl Hardy Senior Policy Advisor Office of the

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Earl Hardy Senior Policy Advisor Office of the Assistant Administrator and Chief Safety Officer

Earl Hardy Senior Policy Advisor Office of the Assistant Administrator and Chief Safety Officer Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration AASHTO Standing Committee on Highway Traffic Safety Annual Meeting Minneapolis, Minnesota April 28, 2016 Office of Research and Information Technology

Our Mission Placing safety as our highest priority: Reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving

Our Mission Placing safety as our highest priority: Reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving CMV transportation through education, innovation, regulation, enforcement, financial assistance, partnerships, and full accountability. Office of Research and Information Technology 1

Key Safety Processes Companies register with FMCSA 2 USDOT # / Operating Authority Inspect

Key Safety Processes Companies register with FMCSA 2 USDOT # / Operating Authority Inspect vehicles and drivers and record safety compliance data Roadside Weigh Stations Traffic Enforcement Investigators visit companies and record safety compliance data Company Site Visits / Interventio ns Enforcement brings legal action against companies not in compliance Legal Actio n

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Toward 4, 161 Deaths 4

Toward 4, 161 Deaths 4

The Problem – Exploring Facts Large trucks and buses represent • 4% of the

The Problem – Exploring Facts Large trucks and buses represent • 4% of the registered vehicles in the U. S. • 9% of the vehicle miles traveled • 13% of the crashes • 13% of the traffic fatalities 5

Large Truck and Bus Crash Data In 2014, 3, 649 crashes involving a large

Large Truck and Bus Crash Data In 2014, 3, 649 crashes involving a large truck or bus claimed 4, 161 lives lost 657 of those lives lost were large truck or bus occupants 3, 416 of those lives lost were occupants of either a passenger vehicle, rider of a motorcycle or a bicycle or were a pedestrian 6

Large Truck and Bus Crash Data 7, 957 total vehicles were involved in these

Large Truck and Bus Crash Data 7, 957 total vehicles were involved in these crashes • 3, 978 - large trucks of buses o 91 - school buses o 31 - motorcoaches • 3, 182 - passenger vehicles • 326 - other vehicles, mostly motorcycles • 77 - bicyclists • 438 - pedestrians • 9 - persons on personal conveyances 7

Top 10 States for Large Truck and Bus Fatalities 2012 - 2014 State Texas

Top 10 States for Large Truck and Bus Fatalities 2012 - 2014 State Texas California Florida Pennsylvania Georgia Ohio Illinois North Carolina New York Oklahoma 2012 2013 2014 594 554 570 284 295 324 230 225 207 176 170 158 173 162 158 136 142 134 151 129 146 129 128 146 128 125 117 137 2012 -2014 Three-Year Average 572. 7 301. 0 220. 7 174. 3 164. 3 145. 3 134. 7 134. 0 126. 3 In 2014, these States accounted for about 50% of all large truck and bus fatalities Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). Office of Research and Information Technology 8

Top Driver-Related Factors for Large Truck Drivers in Fatal Crashes, 2014 Driver-Related Factor Number

Top Driver-Related Factors for Large Truck Drivers in Fatal Crashes, 2014 Driver-Related Factor Number Percent Speeding 262 7. 1% Distraction/inattention (cell phone, lost in thought, eating etc. ) 230 6. 2% Impairment (fatigue, alcohol, illness, etc. ) 145 3. 9% Failure to Yield Right of Way 138 3. 7% Failure to Keep in Proper Lane 133 3. 6% Vision Obscured (by Weather, Roadway Design, Vehicles, etc. ) 120 3. 2% Careless Driving 91 2. 5% Following Improperly 86 2. 3% Failure to Obey Traffic Sign, Control Devices, Safety Zone Laws 85 2. 3% Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Office of Research and Information Technology 9

Fatal Crashes by Work Zone, 2010 - 2014 Percentage of Fatal Work-Zone Crashes that

Fatal Crashes by Work Zone, 2010 - 2014 Percentage of Fatal Work-Zone Crashes that Involved at Least One Large Truck 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 22. 5% 27. 2% 23. 8% 28. 2% 30. 1% 11. 2% 11. 8% 11. 4% Percentage of ALL Fatal Crashes that Involved at Least One Large Truck 10. 8% 11. 3% Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Office of Research and Information Technology 10

Year of Partnerships The FMCSA Administrator’s Vision Statement We will broaden and strengthen our

Year of Partnerships The FMCSA Administrator’s Vision Statement We will broaden and strengthen our interactions with stakeholders to foster creative solutions to achieve our common goals to improve highway safety. Office of Research and Information Technology 11

FAST Act Overview § Five-year authorization bill sets funding levels to FY 2020. §

FAST Act Overview § Five-year authorization bill sets funding levels to FY 2020. § MCSAP grant programs restructured beginning in FY 2017, includes increased funding. § Operating expense authorization levels slightly increased through FY 2020. § Significant number of Agency mandates: § Studies: 4 § Working Groups: 5 § Rulemaking: 20 § FMCSA Reports to Congress: 14 Office of Research and Information Technology 12 12

Large Truck and Bus Traffic Enforcement Training Roll-out April 2015 Traffic Enforcement For CMVs

Large Truck and Bus Traffic Enforcement Training Roll-out April 2015 Traffic Enforcement For CMVs Saves Lives • CMVs disproportionately involved in crashes • Moving violations leading cause of crashes – speeding, etc • Highly Visible Traffic enforcement changes unsafe driving behaviors – seat belts The Curriculum • IADLEST Grants – Focused on the Top 10 States • NTC – Support IADLEST delivery and respond to other request • Division Administrators – be engaged with deliveries key to success Office of Research and Information Technology 13

Large Truck and Bus Traffic Enforcement Unsafe Driving Behaviors Serious Traffic Offenses • Speeding

Large Truck and Bus Traffic Enforcement Unsafe Driving Behaviors Serious Traffic Offenses • Speeding • Reckless Driving • Following too close • Improper lane change • Texting and cell phone use Traffic Enforcemen t State Licensing Agency Removal of Unsafe Drivers Conviction Office of Research and Information Technology Prosecution Adjudication Major Traffic Offenses • DUI – Alcohol/Drugs • Refusal to submit to alcohol test • Felony use of a vehicle • Driving on revoked/suspended license • Leaving scene of crash Disqualifications (Serious) • 2 nd conviction – 60 days • 3 rd conviction – 120 days Disqualifications (Major) • 1 st conviction – 1 year • 2 nd conviction – lifetime 14 14

Florida Highway Patrol - 2015 Statewide Total Crashes with Property Damage Total Crashes with

Florida Highway Patrol - 2015 Statewide Total Crashes with Property Damage Total Crashes with Injuries Total Crashes with Incapacitating Injuries Total Crashes with Injury Not Using Seat Belt Total Fatal Crashes 1847 1360 451 77 21 36 Troop I Total Crashes with Property Damage Total Crashes with Injuries Total Crashes with Incapacitating Injuries Total Crashes with Injury Not Using Seat Belt Total Fatal Crashes 829 599 205 36 11 25 Troop J Total Crashes with Property Damage Total Crashes with Injuries Total Crashes with Incapacitating Injuries Total Crashes with Injury Not Using Seat Belt Total Fatal Crashes 1018 761 246 41 10 11 = CMV Crash

Florida Highway Patrol - 2015 CRASH TIME OF DAY CRASH TYPE

Florida Highway Patrol - 2015 CRASH TIME OF DAY CRASH TYPE

Florida Highway Patrol - 2015

Florida Highway Patrol - 2015

Florida Highway Patrol - 2015 Statewide Crash Hot Spots Rank County # of Crashes

Florida Highway Patrol - 2015 Statewide Crash Hot Spots Rank County # of Crashes Location 1 Broward 43 Interstate 95 (Between Lighthouse Point and Dania Beach) 2 Duval 30 Interstate 95 (Between I-10 and I-295) 3 Pasco 24 Interstate 75 and State Road 52 4 Orange 20 Florida Turnpike and SR 528 (Beachline Expressway)

CMV Statewide Crashes by Agency CMV STATEWIDE CRASHES BY AGENCY CMV CRASHES FHP Police

CMV Statewide Crashes by Agency CMV STATEWIDE CRASHES BY AGENCY CMV CRASHES FHP Police Departments Sheriff Offices TOTAL STATEWIDE CRASHES Interstat e 796 22 62 880 % 22. 0% 0. 6% 1. 7% 24. 3% US Rd 191 99 43 333 % 5. 3% 2. 7% 1. 2% 9. 2% State Rd 380 188 99 667 % 10. 5% 5. 2% 2. 7% 18. 4% County % Rd 145 4. 0% 91 2. 5% 129 3. 6% 365 10. 1% Local Rd 107 530 171 808 Turnpik e 3. 0% 120 14. 6% 0 4. 7% 1 22. 3% 121 % % 3. 3% 0. 0% 3. 3% Private Rd 13 18 20 51 % 0. 4% 0. 5% 0. 6% 1. 4% Parking Lot 91 172 109 372 % 2. 5% 4. 8% 3. 0% 10. 3% Total CMV Crashes All Agencies: 3, 619 Total Resulting Fatals All Agencies: 48 FHP responded crashes: 1, 847 FHP responded fatals: 36 Sheriff responded crashes: 641 Sheriff responded fatals: 5 Police responded crashes: 1, 131 Police responded fatals: 7 Othe r 4 11 7 22 % 0. 1% 0. 3% 0. 2% 0. 6% TOTA L 1847 1131 641 3619 % 51. 0% 31. 3% 17. 7% 100. 0%

Training Our Partners and Traffic Safety Stakeholders October, 2015 Jacksonville Panama City Lakeland Ft.

Training Our Partners and Traffic Safety Stakeholders October, 2015 Jacksonville Panama City Lakeland Ft. Lauderdale 19 Students 26 Students 62 Students 45 Students

Florida Law Enforcement Where Do We Go From Here? Traffic Safety Initiative

Florida Law Enforcement Where Do We Go From Here? Traffic Safety Initiative

Large Truck and Bus/CMV Focus Area to be Added

Large Truck and Bus/CMV Focus Area to be Added

A Culture of Enforcement 23

A Culture of Enforcement 23

Our Vision Save lives by striving toward a crash-free and fully accountable CMV transportation

Our Vision Save lives by striving toward a crash-free and fully accountable CMV transportation lifecycle. Office of Research and Information Technology 24

www. fmcsa. dot. gov earl. hardy@dot. gov 25

www. fmcsa. dot. gov earl. [email protected] gov 25