DRUMS By: Langston Hughes
THE POEM I dream of the drums And remember Nights without stars in Africa. Remember, remember! I dream of the drums And remember Slave ships, billowing sails, The Western Ocean, And the landing at Jamestown. Remember, remember! I dream of drums And recall, like a picture, Congo Square in New Orleans. Sunday-the slaves’ one day of “freedom” The juba-dance in Congo Square.
I dream of the drums And hear again Jelly Roll’s piano, Buddy Bolden’s trumpet, Kid Ory’s trombone, St. Cyr’s bajo, They join the drums… And I remember. Jazz! I dream of the drums And remember Africa! The ships! New shore! And drums! Remember! I remember! Remember!
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE AND SOUND DEVICES �Simile- I recall like a picture Congo Square New Orleans � Repetition of remember, dreams, and drums
IMAGERY � Nights without stars in Africa � Billowing sails � Jelly roll’s piano � The landing at Jamestown � The juba-dance in congo square � Sunday-the slaves one day of freedom
JACK LONDON CONNECTION In Jack London’s stories a common motif that he uses is atavism. He frequently has characters remember instincts and past lives or ancestors. In our poem Langston Hughes is talking about the memories of his ancestors and family. One example is when Buck has the dreams about his ancestor laying by the fire with the hairy man. One example of Langston Hughes ancestors memories is “the landing at Jamestown”. He did not live through this ancestors did. Jack London and Langston Hughes share a common theme of Atavism.
ATAVISM CONNECTION Atavism is an evolutionary throwback. An example of atavism is when someone recalls the memories of past ancestors. In Drums Langston Hughes is writing about the memories of his past ancestors or different events that his ancestors went through.
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