Dog and Wolf Advantages Dog Disadvantages Dog Advantages
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Dog and Wolf
. The Three Key Economic Questions 1. What goods and services should be produced? 2. How should goods and services be produced? 3. Who consumes goods and services?
Command Economy (Centrally Planned) PROS CONS • Low unemployment. • Government owns the factors of production. • Less class distinction. • Little consumer choice. • Basic needs are met. • Quantity not quality. • No incentive for the workers. • Sacrifice individual freedoms.
What does this photo say about a command economy?
Incentives: an expectation that encourages people to behave a certain way. Incentives can be positive or negative…What incentives do you have in your life? List two incentives in your life. 1. 2.
Market Economy (Free Market) PROS CONS • Individuals own factors of production. • Voluntary exchange. • Encourages growth and specialization. • Incentive/competitionprofit. • Large gap in the distribution of wealth. • Booms and busts in the economy. • Does not provide for things the market does not address. • Ex. National Defense, Police, School, Parks. The Invisible Hand
PROS CONS • Government regulations = consumer protection. FDA • Property rights, patents • Taxes: provide social benefits. • National Defense, Police, Schools, Parks. • Taxes: “Safety net” for those who cannot provide for themselves. • Too much regulation inhibits growth. • Encourage social dependency on government programs. • When, where, and what extent should government step in. Mixed Economy
Championship Rock, Paper, Scissors…. . Lets see the economic systems in action!
Time for a play I love free market What if …………. . economies! command economies!
Checking For Understanding (Command, Market, or Mixed) • The regulations government provide can be looked at as a positive because they can protect the consumer. Mixed
• There is little consumer choice. Command
• Quantity not quality. Command
• Too much regulation might inhibit growth. Mixed
• The individual owns the factors of production. Market
• Sacrifice individual freedoms. Command
• Things not provided in the market are not addressed. Market
• The rich can get richer. Market
• One might work harder while the other who slacks off gets the same pay. Command
• Your tax money allows for the building of things not addressed in the market. Mixed
The Invisible Hand: Self-interest and competition work together to regulate the marketplace. Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations 1776 * In a sales transaction, buyers and sellers consider only their self -interest, which is the motivating force behind the free market. Incentive Buyers Sellers “Get a good deal” “Make Profit” Back