DOE Electrical Safety Handbook 2016 EFCOG Electrical Safety

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DOE Electrical Safety Handbook 2016 EFCOG Electrical Safety Workshop Lloyd Gordon Mike Hicks Tommy

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook 2016 EFCOG Electrical Safety Workshop Lloyd Gordon Mike Hicks Tommy Martinez Jeff Williams

Topics • Background • 2016 Workshop progress • Headquarters support • Content outline •

Topics • Background • 2016 Workshop progress • Headquarters support • Content outline • Path forward

History of Handbook • • • 1990 - 1993 Development (facility only) 1993 -

History of Handbook • • • 1990 - 1993 Development (facility only) 1993 - draft, Chapters 1 - 8 1994 - 1997, R&D Development January 1998 - release 2003 - attempt to eliminate March 2004 - 1 st R&D Electrical Safety Meeting/Workshop April 2004 - Edit to Handbook due December 2004 - Revised handbook, added excavation March 2005 - 2 nd R&D Electrical Safety Meeting/Workshop March 2006 - 3 rd R&D Electrical Safety Meeting/Workshop July 2007 - 1 st Joint DOE Electrical Safety Workshop

History of Handbook – cont. • • • October 2008 - revision finalized January

History of Handbook – cont. • • • October 2008 - revision finalized January 1, 2009 – was submitted to DOE Back to the drawing board 2010 - revised Electrical Safety Handbook, 2 new chapters Added equipment approval and hazard classification 2010 – 2013 editing, code referencing, reorganization, REVCOM • 2013 published, two new EFCOG chapter pushed to appendices, controversial (it took 6 years to revise) • 2016 EFCOG working group, plan how to proceed • 2018 EFCOG – this update

DOE Handbook – 2004 revision – leads Bobby Gray, Lloyd Gordon 1. 0 Introduction

DOE Handbook – 2004 revision – leads Bobby Gray, Lloyd Gordon 1. 0 Introduction 2. 0 General Requirements 3. 0 Electrical Preventive Maintenance 4. 0 Grounding 5. 0 Special Occupancies 6. 0 Requirements for Specific Equipment 7. 0 Work in Excess of 600 V 8. 0 Temporary Wiring 9. 0 Enclosed Electrical/Electronic Equipment 10. 0 Research and Development 11. 0 Electrical Safety During Excavations – EFCOG product 12. 0 References Appendix A - DOE Model Electrical Safety Program Appendix B - Acronyms and Definitions Appendix C - Work Matrices - Examples Appendix D - Regulation Matrices

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook – 2013 leads – Bobby Gray, Lloyd Gordon red –

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook – 2013 leads – Bobby Gray, Lloyd Gordon red – EFCOG products 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Hazard Analysis 4) Electrical Preventive Maintenance 5) Grounding 6) Special Occupancies 7) Requirements for Specific Equipment 8) Work in Excess of 600 V 9) Temporary Wiring 10) Electrical Safety During Excavation 11) Enclosed Electrical/Electronic Equipment 12) Unlisted Electrical Equipment Approval 13) Research and Development A – DOE Model Electrical Safety Program B – Acronyms and Definitions C – Unlisted Electrical Equipment D – Hazard Analysis E – Referenced Citations F – Severity Tool general see Appendix D code, explosives code R&D see Appendix C R&D code EFCOG

2016 Working Group Goal • To eliminate code repetition – eliminate sections that are

2016 Working Group Goal • To eliminate code repetition – eliminate sections that are a repeat of existing codes and standards (NEC, 70 E, NESC) – this shifts the focus to an R&D handbook • Reorder the handbook to include all material in main body, in a manner that flows • To brainstorm new sections • To consider options for a path forward for publication

2016 Working Group Members • • • Mike Hicks, DOE INL Lloyd Gordon, LANL

2016 Working Group Members • • • Mike Hicks, DOE INL Lloyd Gordon, LANL Tim Snow, NREL Richard Green, LLNL Don Bourcier, LANL Eugene Santiago, BNL Joe Kilar, ANL John Lacenere, PPPL John Echave, LANL Marion Wilde, SNL Mark Mathews, ORNL Terry Meisinger, HQ-DOE retired

2016 Working Group Products • Went through complete handbook, marked for: – elimination –

2016 Working Group Products • Went through complete handbook, marked for: – elimination – consideration for reduction/elimination – update • Listed ideas for new material • Proposed options for path forward for publication • Had conference call with headquarters

Options for DOE Electrical Safety Handbook path forward • Updates to existing handbook, DOE

Options for DOE Electrical Safety Handbook path forward • Updates to existing handbook, DOE • Updates and add new material, DOE • Completely restructure handbook, DOE – Eliminate redundant code info, reorder • Break into two handbooks – Existing application of codes to labs, DOE – Research laboratories, Science and NNSA, EFCOG • Pull handbook out of DOE, make it EFCOG handbook Headquarters committed to support and expedite publication of handbook

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook – 2 Handbooks 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Electrical

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook – 2 Handbooks 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Electrical Preventive Maintenance 4) Grounding 5) Special Occupancies 6) Requirements for Specific Equipment 7) Work in Excess of 600 V 8) Temporary Wiring 9) Electrical Safety During Excavation A – DOE Model Electrical Safety Program B – Acronyms and Definitions E – Referenced Citations general code, explosives code code 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Hazard Analysis 4) Risk Assessment 5) Enclosed Electrical/Electronic Equipment 6) Unlisted Electrical Equipment Approval 7) Research and Development 8) Electrical Severity Measurement Tool A – Acronyms and Definitions code general R&D, both R&D R&D code

EFCOG Electrical Safety Handbook 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Hazard Analysis 4) Risk

EFCOG Electrical Safety Handbook 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Hazard Analysis 4) Risk Assessment 5) Enclosed Electrical/Electronic Equipment 6) Unlisted Electrical Equipment Approval 7) Research and Development 8) Electrical Severity Measurement Tool A – Acronyms and Definitions

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook accepted 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Hazard Analysis 4)

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook accepted 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Hazard Analysis 4) Risk Assessment 5) Electrical Preventive Maintenance 6) Grounding 7) Special Occupancies 8) Requirements for Specific Equipment 9) Work in Excess of 600 V 10) Temporary Wiring 11) Electrical Safety During Excavation 12) Enclosed Electrical/Electronic Equipment 13) Unlisted Electrical Equipment Approval 14) Research and Development 15) Electrical Severity Measurement Tool A – DOE Model Electrical Safety Program B – Acronyms and Definitions C – Unlisted Electrical Equipment - EFCO D – Hazard Analysis - EFCOG E – Referenced Citations F – Severity Tool general R&D, both code, explosives code R&D R&D code EFCOG

2018 Update • Handbook revision approved by headquarters – Justified uniqueness of handbook (e.

2018 Update • Handbook revision approved by headquarters – Justified uniqueness of handbook (e. g. , R&D) – Contains material not found anywhere else • Eliminated code repetition • Reordered Handbook to include all material in main body • Listed ideas for new sections

Consideration for Elimination • The next few slides look at each chapter for –

Consideration for Elimination • The next few slides look at each chapter for – Elimination - Yellow – Update - Blue – Closer consideration – Green

Elimination criteria • Material fully covered by existing code (e. g. , NEC, NESC)

Elimination criteria • Material fully covered by existing code (e. g. , NEC, NESC) – ELIMINATE • Material covered by existing code, but has unique challenges at DOE sites (e. g. , maintenance, excavation) – Revise and keep • Material covered by existing code, but integrates with R&D material (e. g. , AC hazard classification) – Integrate and keep • Material unique to handbook (e. g. , equipment approval, hazard classification, etc. ) – KEEP - This is about 80% or more of the material

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook - 2018 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Hazard Analysis

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook - 2018 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Hazard Analysis 4) Electrical Preventive Maintenance 5) Grounding 6) Special Occupancies 7) Requirements for Specific Equipment 8) Work in Excess of 600 V 9) Temporary Wiring 10) Electrical Safety During Excavation 11) Enclosed Electrical/Electronic Equipment 12) Unlisted Electrical Equipment Approval 13) Research and Development 14) References A – DOE Model Electrical Safety Program B – Acronyms and Definitions C – Unlisted Electrical Equipment D – Hazard Analysis E – Referenced Citations F – Severity Tool general see Appendix D code, challenges code, explosives code, challenges code, challenges R&D see Appendix C R&D code EFCOG

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook - 2018 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Hazard Analysis

DOE Electrical Safety Handbook - 2018 1) Introduction 2) General Requirements 3) Hazard Analysis 4) Electrical Preventive Maintenance 5) Grounding 6) Special Occupancies 7) Requirements for Specific Equipment 8) Electrical Safety During Excavation 9) Enclosed Electrical/Electronic Equipment 10) Unlisted Electrical Equipment Approval 11) Research and Development 12) References A – DOE Model Electrical Safety Program B – Acronyms and Definitions C – Severity Tool general code, challenges code, explosives code, challenges R&D R&D code and more EFCOG

1. 0 Introduction 1. 1 Purpose 1. 2 Scope 1. 3 Electrical Safety Program

1. 0 Introduction 1. 1 Purpose 1. 2 Scope 1. 3 Electrical Safety Program 1. 4 Authority Having Jurisdiction update to current

2. 0 General Requirements 2. 1 Electrical Maintenance or Repairs 2. 2 Basic Safeguards

2. 0 General Requirements 2. 1 Electrical Maintenance or Repairs 2. 2 Basic Safeguards 2. 3 Responsibilities 2. 4 Modifications to Facilities 2. 5 Approval of Electrical Equipment 2. 6 Codes, Standards, and Regulations 2. 7 Training and Qualifications of Qualified Workers 2. 8 Working Space Around Electrical Equipment 2. 9 Identification of Disconnecting Means 2. 10 Work Instructions 2. 11 Electrical Personal Protective Equipment 2. 12 Work Practices

3. 0 Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment Hazard analysis is a previous EFCOG product

3. 0 Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment Hazard analysis is a previous EFCOG product Risk assessment will be new

4. 0 Electrical Preventative Maintenance some items will be eliminated 4. 1 Development and

4. 0 Electrical Preventative Maintenance some items will be eliminated 4. 1 Development and Implementation Requirements 4. 2 Electrical Preventive Maintenance Program 4. 3 Maintenance 4. 4 Inspection 4. 5 Essential Elements 4. 6 Planning and Developing an EPM Program, and Fundamentals of EPM 4. 7 Ground-Fault Protection 4. 8 Overcurrent Protective Devices

5. 0 Grounding some items will be eliminated 5. 1 Specifications and Drawings 5.

5. 0 Grounding some items will be eliminated 5. 1 Specifications and Drawings 5. 2 Circuit and System Grounding 5. 3 Equipment Grounding 5. 4 Bonding 5. 5 Grounded or Ungrounded Systems 5. 6 Grounding Requirements 5. 7 Grounding Electrode Conductor 5. 8 Main Bonding Jumper 5. 9 System with Grounded Conductor 5. 10 Equipment Grounding Conductor 5. 11 Ungrounded Systems 5. 12 Grounding a Separately Derived System 5. 13 Grounding Electrode System 5. 14 Personnel Protective Grounds

6. 0 Special Occupancies much of the material on hazardous locations will be eliminated

6. 0 Special Occupancies much of the material on hazardous locations will be eliminated 6. 1 Explosives 6. 2 Prevention of External Ignition and Explosion 6. 3 Hazardous Locations 6. 4 Electrical Equipment for Class I, II, and III Areas 6. 5 Descriptions, Features, and Test Criteria of Enclosures for Hazardous (Classified) Locations 6. 6 Underground Facilities

7. 0 Requirements for Specific Equipment 7. 1 Conveying Systems 7. 2 Cranes and

7. 0 Requirements for Specific Equipment 7. 1 Conveying Systems 7. 2 Cranes and Hoists 7. 3 Elevators and Escalators 7. 4 Portable and Vehicle-Mounted Generators 7. 5 Batteries

8. 0 Work in Excess of 600 Volts 8. 1 Responsibilities for Safety 8.

8. 0 Work in Excess of 600 Volts 8. 1 Responsibilities for Safety 8. 2 Training 8. 3 Job Briefings 8. 4 Personal Protective Equipment and Protective Clothing 8. 5 Protective Grounding of Lines and Equipment 8. 6 Installing or Removing Conductors 8. 7 Special Tools 8. 8 Tree Trimming 8. 9 Underground 8. 10 Ferro-Resonance

9. 0 Temporary Wiring 9. 1 Requirements and Installation Conditions of use 9. 2

9. 0 Temporary Wiring 9. 1 Requirements and Installation Conditions of use 9. 2 Using Assured Equipment Grounding Conductor Program 9. 3 Portable Electrical Tools and Equipment

Chapter 10 Electrical Safety During Excavation 10. 1 General 10. 2 Utilities Identification 10.

Chapter 10 Electrical Safety During Excavation 10. 1 General 10. 2 Utilities Identification 10. 3 Utilities Verification and Marking 10. 4 Utilities Disposition 10. 5 Work Control During Excavations 10. 6 The Excavation Process 10. 7 As-Built Drawings

Chapter 11 - Enclosed Electrical/Electronic Equipment 11. 1 Grounding and Bonding 11. 2 Rack

Chapter 11 - Enclosed Electrical/Electronic Equipment 11. 1 Grounding and Bonding 11. 2 Rack Power Distribution 11. 3 Chassis Power Distribution 11. 4 Protective Devices for Enclosed Elect. Equipment 11. 5 Disconnecting Means 11. 6 Marking and Labeling Requirements 11. 7 Working Clearances 11. 8 Cable/Utility Management System 11. 9 Electrical Safety Requirements for Tester Facilities 11. 10 Enclosed Power Electronics 11. 11 Non-ionizing Radiation 11. 12 Ampacity Information for Wire Sizing

Chapter 12 – Approval of Unlisted Electrical Equipment EFCOG Product

Chapter 12 – Approval of Unlisted Electrical Equipment EFCOG Product

Chapter 13 Research and Development 13. 1 Operation and Maintenance 13. 2 Employee Qualifications

Chapter 13 Research and Development 13. 1 Operation and Maintenance 13. 2 Employee Qualifications 13. 3 Generic R&D Equipment 13. 4 Methods 13. 5 Requirements for Specific R&D Equipment

Chapter 14 References ANSI ASME ASTM Crane DOE CFR IEEE ISA NEMA NFPA UL

Chapter 14 References ANSI ASME ASTM Crane DOE CFR IEEE ISA NEMA NFPA UL Other

Ideas for New Material • • • Lithium Ion batteries Solar Power systems Emergency

Ideas for New Material • • • Lithium Ion batteries Solar Power systems Emergency Response for electrical systems LOTO Lessons Learned Mixed hazard PPE Risk Assessment Tools, mobile app, etc. . Superconducting magnets Best practices (subsurface detection, LOTO) Lightning protection EFCOG working group products

Ideas for User tools • Flow chart linked to sections • Mobile App for

Ideas for User tools • Flow chart linked to sections • Mobile App for hazard classification and controls • Mobile App for DOE handbook

Path Forward • Recruit new working group members • Assign sections • Revise sections

Path Forward • Recruit new working group members • Assign sections • Revise sections • Decide on new material • Assign new material • Consider EFCOG best practices and working group products • Work will NOT wait on future Workshops, but will occur in real time.

2016 Working Group Members • • Mike Hicks, DOE INL Jeff Williams, DOE LANL

2016 Working Group Members • • Mike Hicks, DOE INL Jeff Williams, DOE LANL Lloyd Gordon, LANL Tommy Martinez, LANL • • • Tim Snow, NREL Richard Green, LLNL Don Bourcier, LANL Eugene Santiago, BNL John Lacenere, PPPL John Echave, LANL 2018 New Members Eric Stromberg, LANL