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discogel-uae. com Spine Anatomy Spine anatomy is divided into 4 major sections, typically defined by the number of vertebrae in each section: • 7 Cervical vertebrae • 12 thoracic vertebrae • 5 Lumbar vertebrae • Sacral region (5 bony segments fused together)
discogel-uae. com Normal Spine
discogel-uae. com Spinal Discs are in Between Each Vertebra • Spinal discs are located in between each of the vertebral bodies • Each disc is named according to which two vertebral bodies it lies between
discogel-uae. com What is a Spinal Disc Spinal discs are round in diameter and flat on the top and bottom, and are attached securely to the vertebrae above and below them. The discs are somewhat pliant, providing shock absorption for the spine.
discogel-uae. com Normal Disc Functions The spinal disc acts as a strong elastic pivot for each joint segment of the spine, providing stability and allowing a relatively wide range of motion in all directions in the lower back and neck.
discogel-uae. com When a disc starts to lose its strength and pliability, however, it can cause a range of painful and potentially debilitating symptoms.
discogel-uae. com Some Disc Diseases Degenerative Disc This condition can occur as part of the aging process in which the discs in the spine start to dry out, thereby losing some of their flexibility and shock Absorption. As part of this process, the inner portion of the disc shrinks, providing less cushioning between the boney vertebrae in the spine, and the outer part of the disc can suffer small tears, all of which can cause pain.
Herniated Disc This can happen if the inner material of the disc, the Soft nucleus, leaks out of the disc (or “herniates”) and touches the nerve root. The material within the disc is highly inflammatory, and any contact with a nerve can cause pain. discogel-uae. com
3 Insights for Patients with Disc Problems discogel-uae. com 1. Having a Disc Disorder Does Not Equate to Having Pain 2. Diagnostic Testing Does Not Usually Identify the Source of Pain 3. Deciding on Disc Surgery is a Complicated Process
Normal Curves of Spine • Curves are a normal part of the spine's structure. Looking at the spine from the side (lateral), several curves can be seen (soft 'S' shape) • When viewing the spinal column from the rear (posterior), the spine appears vertically straight -- from the neck to the tailbone discogel-uae. com
The normal curves are termed lordosis and kyphosis • Lordosis is defined by an excessive inward curve of the spine. Although it primary affects the lumbar spine, it does occur in the neck too • Kyphosis is defined by an excessive outward curve of the spine and may cause a deformity such as a humpback or hunchback • Scoliosis is the abnormal curving of the spine to the left or right side discogel-uae. com
discogel-uae. com Some References • https: //www. spine-health. com/conditions/spine-anatomy/3 -insightspatients-disc-problems • https: //www. spine-health. com/conditions/spine-anatomy/all-about-spinaldisc-problems • https: //www. spineuniverse. com/anatomy/normal-curves-your-spine • https: //www. spine-health. com/conditions/spine-anatomy/normal-spinalanatomy