- Slides: 7
DIRECT INDIRECT SPEECH (IMPERATIVES)
DIRECT SPEECH → Direct speech refers to reproducing another person’s exact words. → We use quotation marks when we quote a speaker’s words. Example: v Jane said, “Go away. ” v Ann said, “please don’t cheat during the test” v John said, “put the book on the table. ”
EXAMPLE Ann said, “put the book on the table. ” Quotation Mark Comma imperative Reporting Verb
EXPRESSIONS OF TIME AND PLACE DIRECT Today Yesterday Next week Last week A week ago Now This here INDIRECT That day The day before The following week The previous week A week before Then That there
DIRECT INDIRECT (IMPERATIVE) Common reporting verb is told v No need to change the tense v POSITIVE (COMMAND) He told me, “Come back later. ” He told me to come back later v NEGATIVE (PROHIBITION) She told me, “Don’t wait for me. ” She told me not to wait for her. v
INDIRECT He said, “ lie down , Tom. ” “Forget all about this young man, ” her mother told Susan He said to Gloria, ” Speak more slowly. I can’t understand. ” He told Tom to lie down Her mother told Susan to forget all about that young man. He said to Gloria to speak more slowly. I couldn’t understand.
INDIRECT “Don’t swim out too far, boys” I said Her mother told her, “ Don’t see him again or answer his letter. ” “Don’t come here before 6 o’clock tomorrow, ” I said to him I told the boys not to swim out too far. Her mother told her not to see him again or answer his letter. I said to him not to come there before 6 o’clock the following day