Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns in French What

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Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns in French

Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns in French

What are they? • These are the replacement words we use instead of naming

What are they? • These are the replacement words we use instead of naming things - “I see Jane” becomes “I see her”, “we eat cake” becomes “we eat it” • In English pronouns come after the verb - They read the books/ they read them In French, pronouns come BEFORE the verb

This includes. . . • Present tense • future tense • perfect tense •

This includes. . . • Present tense • future tense • perfect tense • imperfect tense

Chart to Show Order of Pronouns When using more than one pronoun in a

Chart to Show Order of Pronouns When using more than one pronoun in a sentence they will ALWAYS go in this order

What’s the difference? • Indirect means ‘when there IS someone or something in the

What’s the difference? • Indirect means ‘when there IS someone or something in the way’, usually indicated by the word or sense of TO • So - “he talks to me” is “il me parle” Il me parle

What’s the difference? • Direct literally means ‘when there’s no-one or nothing in the

What’s the difference? • Direct literally means ‘when there’s no-one or nothing in the way’ • So - he sees me is il me voit Il me voit

You can best tell the difference. . . • With words for him, her,

You can best tell the difference. . . • With words for him, her, them… • Je parle à mes amis = je leur parle • Je donne le livre à Jean= je lui donne le livre • in many other cases, the choice of pronoun will look the same

Des exemples le Je lis le livre: je……. . lis la tu manges la

Des exemples le Je lis le livre: je……. . lis la tu manges la pomme: tu……. manges la il regarde la télé: il………. regarde nous attendons les vacances: les nous ……. attendons l’ • elles aiment Henri: elles……. . aiment • •

Examples with two pronouns in the present tense • • Nous achetons des bonbons

Examples with two pronouns in the present tense • • Nous achetons des bonbons au cinéma Ses amis racontent l’histoire à Murielle Elle donne le message à Franck Nous recevons la livraison à l’entrepôt vous envoyez les produits au client tu réserves la chambre à l’hôtel Je parle à Jean du film

Examples with two pronouns in the present tense • • • Nous Ses amis

Examples with two pronouns in the present tense • • • Nous Ses amis Elle Nous vous tu Je les y la lui le lui l’y les lui l’y lui en achetons racontent donne recevons envoyez réserves parle

Examples with the passé composé • • il a parlé du projet (à moi)

Examples with the passé composé • • il a parlé du projet (à moi) nous avons considéré (sa candidature) ils ont renvoyé (le colis) elles ont acheté (les valises) tu as reçu (son email)? Vous avez répondu à M’sieur Dumare? J’ai dit non (à la demande de Julie)

Examples with the passé composé • • il m’ nous l’ ils l’ les

Examples with the passé composé • • il m’ nous l’ ils l’ les elles l’ tu lui Vous lui Je a parlé du projet avons considéré ont renvoyé ont acheté as reçu avez répondu? ai dit non

Pronouns and negatives Direct and indirect object pronouns go before the verb when the

Pronouns and negatives Direct and indirect object pronouns go before the verb when the phrase is negative and the ne…pas or other negative term wraps round je ne l’aime pas il ne la voit pas nous ne les achetons plus ils ne le livrent jamais

Pronouns with two verbs • You can see when to use this format in

Pronouns with two verbs • You can see when to use this format in the following examples: • vous voulez le voir? • Tu dois lui téléphoner • elle ne peut pas vous parler • il a voulu me rencontrer • nous avons décidé d’y aller

So, to recap Direct and indirect object pronouns… • replace him/her/it, to him, to

So, to recap Direct and indirect object pronouns… • replace him/her/it, to him, to them etc • go BEFORE the verb in most cases • go IN BETWEEN the verb and infinitive when you have two verbs • go BEFORE the verb or auxiliary (avoir/être in the passé composé)

P. S A word about agreement. . . With direct object pronouns you usually

P. S A word about agreement. . . With direct object pronouns you usually make the end of the verb in the past tense agree… for example j’ai vu les filles je les ai vues with indirect object pronouns you do not need to worry