- Slides: 17
Dewey Decimal Classification System
Melvil Dewey invented the Dewey Decimal Classification System in 1876. Brilliant!
The Dewey Decimal Classification System is often abbreviated as DDC
Classification systems help keep items organized.
The Dewey Decimal Classification System was invented to help keep books on a library shelf organized!
Classification definition: Putting items with similar qualities in a group. In the DDC system, a group of similar items is called a class.
How the Dewey Decimal Classification System Works: Dewey came up with 10 Main Classes for organizing books. He assigned a number and a subject for each of the 10 main classes.
10 Main Classes of the Dewey Decimal Classification System Class Number Class Subject 000 – 099 Generalities : Encyclopedias, Computers, Libraries, 100 – 199 Psychology/Philosophy: Ghosts, Dreams, Supernatural, Feelings 200 – 299 Religion: Bible Stories, Mythology, World Religions 300 – 399 Social Science: Money, Transportation, Government, Folklore 400 – 499 Language: Grammar, Dictionaries, Thesauri, Foreign Languages 500 – 599 Natural Science/Mathematics: Weather, Animals, Electricity 600 – 699 Applied Science/Technology: Machines, Pet Care, Medicine, 700 – 799 Arts and Recreation: Drawing, Crafts, Music, Sports 800 – 899 Literature: Plays, Poetry, Short Stories 900 – 999 History/Geography: Explorers, Countries, Ancient Cultures
Each class is divided into 10 subclasses. 500 – 599 Natural Sciences and Mathematics Subclass Number 500 510 520 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 Subclass Subject Pure Sciences Mathematics Astronomy Physics Chemistry Earth sciences & geology Fossils & prehistoric life Life sciences; biology Plants (Botany) Body Systems Animals/Insects
Each subclass is divided into 10 sections. 590 Animals & Insects Section Number 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 Section Subject Body Systems of Animals and Insects Zoology Invertebrates, Worms Sea Invertebrates, Coral Mollusks, Octopus, Squid, Snail Insects, Spiders Vertebrates Fish, Amphibians, Frogs, Snakes Reptiles and Birds Mammals of the Land Ocean
Using the Dewey Decimal Classification System, all nonfiction books are classified (grouped) by subject. Books about similar subjects are placed together on the shelf. Tigers Big Cats African Big Cats
The Decimal Point in the Dewey Decimal Classification System. A decimal point is added after the first three numbers. There is no limit on how many numbers can be added after the decimal point. The more numbers that are added after the decimal, the more specific the subject. 796. 8153 = ? ? ?
The Dewey Decimal number is printed on a label and placed on the spine of the book. That’s why It’s called a spine label! Spine Labels: 1) Contain the DDC number. 2) Contain the first three letters of the author’s last name. 3) Guide the librarian to place the book in the correct order on a shelf. Sea Horse By Sam Smith S 597. 53 SMI
Library books are shelved in Dewey Decimal Number order. 597. 5 JEN 597. 51 KIN 597. 52 MOR 597. 53 SMI How nice to have all the fish books together on the shelf!
Library books are shelved in Dewey Decimal Number order. Discuss with your partner: Looking at the spine labels of the books below, which book is not in the correct order? 597. 3 JEN 597. 36 KIN 597. 24 MOR 597. 53 SMI
Bonus: Discuss with your partner. Look at these aisles in this grocery store. Describe how these products are classified.
So remember. . . …Dewey Decimal Classification Library Books Have Class!