DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES Basics for Developmental Theory l l

  • Slides: 20
Download presentation
DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES

DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES

Basics for Developmental Theory l l l A person goes through many stages in

Basics for Developmental Theory l l l A person goes through many stages in life, that is part of a continuous journey to self realization A person must complete one stage of life in order to have the skills to survive in the next stage ____________________________________

Basics Continued… l l If one gets stuck in a single stage of development

Basics Continued… l l If one gets stuck in a single stage of development for an extended period of time, they risk incurring developmental damage and reaching the stage of self and social realization can become difficult All of theories deal with a 3 part path to adulthood; ____________, and _________

Erikson: Eight Stages of Development l l __________________________________________ At each stage a person is

Erikson: Eight Stages of Development l l __________________________________________ At each stage a person is challenged by _____________________ Through adolescence to adulthood youth deal with issues on who they are, what they want to be (identity versus role confusion), who to be with (intimacy versus isolation), and what to contribute as an individual to society Pushed through stages by __________, but identity development reflects psychological clock

Erikson Continued… 8 Stages l _________(birth- 18 months) l __________(18 months- 3 years) l

Erikson Continued… 8 Stages l _________(birth- 18 months) l __________(18 months- 3 years) l ___________(3 – 5 years) l _________(6 – 12 years) l __________(12 – 18 years) l _________(18 – 35 years) l __________(35 -65 years) l __________(65 – Death)

Jane Loevinger: Theory of Ego Development l l l l 10 stages in the

Jane Loevinger: Theory of Ego Development l l l l 10 stages in the formation of the ego (ego = the understanding of self) _______once the child understands they are “an individual separate from their mother” _________________ Conformist Stage (Adolescence) Conscientious Stage (Adult) Developing a clear sense of self precedes truly intimate relationships Progress is determined by __________

Family Life Cycle l l l Early adult is launched from their family of

Family Life Cycle l l l Early adult is launched from their family of origin Goal for adulthood is ____________________ 3 developmental tasks – – – Individuation – separate identity New intimate relationships Tentative commitment to career/workplace

Daniel Levinson: Theory of the Seasons of Life l l Adulthood is 25 years

Daniel Levinson: Theory of the Seasons of Life l l Adulthood is 25 years between 17 - 40’s Early Adult Stage (17 – 22 yrs) – – l Entering the Adult World (22 – 28 yrs) – l Separation from family of origin ___________________ Forming life structure and the Dream (individual’s sense of self in adult world), forming mentor relationships, forming an occupation and forming intimate relationships/family Age 30 Transition (28 – 33 yrs)

Klaus Riegel: Interpretation of Development l l l ____________________________________ Stages develop according to ___________and

Klaus Riegel: Interpretation of Development l l l ____________________________________ Stages develop according to ___________and _______________ Development occurs when a change in one area leads to a change in another

Leonard Pearlin l l l Disagreed with “stage” theories (socialized cohort responses, not inner

Leonard Pearlin l l l Disagreed with “stage” theories (socialized cohort responses, not inner changes) _____________________ 4 elements affect an individual’s path: 1. 2. 3. 4. Individual characteristics (gender, race, personality, education etc) Range of skills individuals have for coping with stress/change Availability of social supports Nature of stress that needs to be responded to

Issues affecting youth in the transition to adulthood HHS 4 U

Issues affecting youth in the transition to adulthood HHS 4 U

Issues affecting the transition to adulthood: The transition to adulthood involves change and uncertainty

Issues affecting the transition to adulthood: The transition to adulthood involves change and uncertainty as individuals figure out who they are and what they want l How individuals cope with these changes depends on a number of factors: ______________________________ l

Resilience – a factor affecting life transitions? l l What is resilience? It is

Resilience – a factor affecting life transitions? l l What is resilience? It is the capacity ____________________________ It is about learning to “muddle through” difficult times It is about building strong relationships and support systems “If we are facing in the right direction, all we have to do is keep walking”

Linking resilience research to young people l l l It is suggested that through

Linking resilience research to young people l l l It is suggested that through dealing with chaos (issues, challenges), individuals discover who they are Young adulthood is full of complexities, decisions, challenges and identity confusion Working through this time, builds resiliency in young adults

Abilities of resilient people: 1. 2. 3. 4. _______– know what they are feeling

Abilities of resilient people: 1. 2. 3. 4. _______– know what they are feeling and are able to regulate emotions and impulses _______ (realistically optimistic) __________and can use them to their advantage Are able to ____________________________

Abilities (continued) 5. 6. Are empathetic – able to understand how others feel in

Abilities (continued) 5. 6. Are empathetic – able to understand how others feel in various situations Are able to connect and build strong relationships with people (for support)

Videos on resilience http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=msi. IV 5 Nd. LV s&feature=related

Videos on resilience http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=msi. IV 5 Nd. LV s&feature=related

Issues affecting young adults (text book suggestions) l l Societies changing gender roles –

Issues affecting young adults (text book suggestions) l l Societies changing gender roles – how gender role socialization affects the lifestyle choices of men and women Cultural conflict – between generations Social economic changes – cost of education, employment opportunities, housing/social support Family violence, prejudice/discrimination, substance abuse, poverty (living poor), specific youth groups at risk (immigrant youth, aboriginal youth, females, gay/transgendered youth), physical and mental health, abuse (emotional, verbal, physical)