- Slides: 8
Derivational Affixation nation inter nation al al ize iz ation N ADJ V N N
Productive Affixes -able -ness -er un-ity -th -en V+able ADJ+ness V+er un+ADJ ADJ+ity ADJ+th ADJ+en V ADJ N V N ADJ ADJ N ADJ V Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2003. An Introduction to Language. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, pp. 88 -90.
Accidental Derivational Gaps permit commit transmit permission commission transmission permissive commissive transmissive permissible commissible transmissible impermissible (incommissible) intransmissible (permissioner) commissioner (transmissioner) (permittal) committal transmittal permitter committor transmitter Miller, George A. 1996. The Science of Words. New York: Scientific American Library, p. 109.
English Inflections VERB -s -ing -ed -en NOUN -s -’s ADJECTIVE -er -est Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2007. An Introduction to Language, 8 th edition. Boston, MA: Thomson Wadsworth, p. 99.
Morphological Analysis Adjective Meaning ugly uglier ugliest very unattractive more ugly most ugly prettier prettiest nice looking more nice looking most nice looking taller tallest large in height more tall most tall Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2007. An Introduction to Language, 8 th edition. Boston, MA: Thomson Wadsworth, p. 104.
Zulu (Morphology: Exercise 5) PREFIX NUMBER um. SINGULAR aba. PLURAL ROOT GLOSS faz fan zal fundis baz lim dlal fund married woman boy parent teacher / teach carver / carve farmer / farm player / play reader / read SUFFIX CLASS -i -a i i/a i/a i/a NOUN VERB
Chickasaw (Morphology Ex 17 or 18) a. Root morphemes 1. chaaha 2. hopoba b. Morphemes 1. -tok 2. sa 3. chi 4. — c. ispokni “to be old 1. chisipokni 2. sipoknitok 3. hoosipokni to be tall to be hungry past tense I you he/she you are old he was old they are old
Samoan (Morphology: Exercise 9 or 10) a. (1) they weave (2) they travel (3) he sings lalaga savavali pese b. Morphological rule for making third person plural from third person singular verb forms in Samoan: Reduplicate the penultimate syllable.