- Slides: 12
Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns
Demonstrative Adjectives • They must agree in gender and number with the noun!!! • Demonstrative Adjectives go in front of nouns. esta camisa este libro
Demonstrative Adjectives • Close to speaker or to describe a present time (aquí) este/esta (this) estos/estas (these) • Something far from the speaker but closer to the listener (allí, allá) or describe a recent period of time. ese/esa (that) esos/esas (those)
Demonstrative Adjectives • Far from speaker and listener (allá, en la distancia) or a moment in the remote past period of time aquel/aquella (that) aquellos/aquellas (those)
Demonstrative Pronouns • Demonstrative pronouns replace the noun and must agree. ¿Quieres este libro? No, quiero ése. • +They translate as “this one, that one, these ones, and those ones. ”
Demonstrative Pronouns • Demonstrative pronouns take an accent This/These: éste, ésta, éstos, éstas That/Those: ése, ésa, ésos, ésas That/Those over there: aquél, aquélla, aquéllos, aquéllas
Neuter Demonstrative Pronouns • The neuter (aka no gender) forms are used to refer to ideas, concepts, or situations (because they have no gender). esto, eso, aquello • They can also be used to ask for the identification of something unknown to the person. ¿Qué es esto? What is this?
Short Possessive Adjectives • Short possessive adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun and always go in front of noun. mi(s) (my) nuestro(a, os, as) (ours) tu(s) (your) vuestro(a, os, as) su(s) (his/her/yours/its) su(s) (theirs)
Short Possessive Adjectives • When su will lead to ambiguity it is preferable to use de + name or subject pronoun means of + name or subject pronoun
Long Possessive Adjectives • Long possessive adjectives always go after the noun and must agree. la camisa mía el libro suyo mío(a, os, as) (mine) tuyo(a, os, as) (yours) suyo(a, os, as) (his/hers/yours/its) nuestro(a, os, as) (ours) vuestro(a, os, as) suyo(a, os, as) (theirs)
• When suyo(a, os, as) will lead to ambiguity it is preferable to use de + name or subject pronoun
Possessive Pronouns • Possessive pronouns are formed by adding el, la, los, las to the long possessive adjectives. They replace the noun and must agree with that noun. ¿Tienes el libro tuyo? Sí, tengo el mío.