Decline in Party Power in Recent Years The

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Decline in Party Power in Recent Years

Decline in Party Power in Recent Years

The adoption of the Direct Primary • The nomination process to select candidates for

The adoption of the Direct Primary • The nomination process to select candidates for office use to be accomplished by Caucuses in which party leaders would meet to select candidates to run for office for the party • Later the convention method was adopted in which voters would select delegates to attend a convention in order to nominate candidates to run for office • Beginning in the early 1900’s, most states adopted the Direct Primary in which voters directly nominate a candidate to run for office for the party • About half the states today have an open primary in which any voter may participate in either the Democratic or Republican primary • In an closed primary, only declared party members may participate in their party’s primary • The adoption of the primary has put the power directly in the hands of the voters and no longer in the hands of “party bosses”

Split-Ticket Voting and Divided Government • The party ballot has been replaced by the

Split-Ticket Voting and Divided Government • The party ballot has been replaced by the office ballot in which voters may now choose between a democrat and a republican • In recent years there has been an increase in split-ticket voting among voters (voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election) • Since the late 1960’s, the increase in split-ticket voting has led to divided government (the executive branch “white house” is controlled by one political party while the legislative branch “Congress” is controlled by another political party) • Divided government has led to legislative gridlock (legislation or bills are not passed and thus nothing much gets done)

Increase in Independent Voters • As compared to 50 or 60 years ago, today

Increase in Independent Voters • As compared to 50 or 60 years ago, today less people identify themselves with a party label of a Republican or Democrat (Increase in Independent voters) • Independent voters are more likely to vote “split-ticket” as compared to partly loyalists who regularly vote “straight-ticket”

Changes in Technology (Media) • Today, politicians rely mostly on the media in order

Changes in Technology (Media) • Today, politicians rely mostly on the media in order to contact and connect with the voters and to raise funds (television, emails, mass mailings, phone calls, websites and professional campaign managers) • Today, direct donations on the internet have drastically increased campaign fund raising • Before the invention of television, politicians relied heavily on party bosses and the party organization in order to make contact with the public and to raise money

Changing Political Culture • Parties unimportant in life; Americans do not join or pay

Changing Political Culture • Parties unimportant in life; Americans do not join or pay dues • Parties separate from other aspects of life • Most Americans today just vote on one day once every 2 or 4 years

History of Decentralized Control • Due to our Federal System of government in which

History of Decentralized Control • Due to our Federal System of government in which our National, State, and Local government are for the most part separate, so are political parties. • There is no strict hierarchy structure from the national party level down to the state and local level. • Each level is for the most part separate and independent of each other and thus not very organized

Constitutional System and Separation of Powers • In many European countries, the legislature (parliament)

Constitutional System and Separation of Powers • In many European countries, the legislature (parliament) elects the executive (President or Prime Minister) meaning that one political party controls both the legislative and executive branches of government • In the United States, the President is elected separately from Congress, which can lead to divided government

Change in Ideology • https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Gftp 95 S q. Fm 4&list=PLc.

Change in Ideology • https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Gftp 95 S q. Fm 4&list=PLc. Lu 3 B 7 J 06 AC 7 Rws 9 a 9 pw. CYw. YT hi-a. YON