Decarbonizing aviation Whatever Decarbonize with SAF Algal Biofuel

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Decarbonizing aviation Whatever

Decarbonizing aviation Whatever

Decarbonize with SAF: Algal Biofuel - Algal Biofuels The Algal Biofuels is a kind

Decarbonize with SAF: Algal Biofuel - Algal Biofuels The Algal Biofuels is a kind of sustainable fuel that can replace the existing SAFs. Reasons for airlines to accept Algal Biofuel: Reactions in the algae cells convert carbon dioxide into biomass storing in the Methods to Achieve Better Accessibility: 1. Algae can purify the waterbody it grows in, providing positive side effect. algae, fixing the carbon element and thus actively reducing the total amount of 1. Grow the algae in polluted waterbody, purifying it, thus creating a higher value. 2. Taking in CO 2 when growing, outmeter part of of carbon emission when its 1140 g product CO showsalgae that cancels a square algae can absorb of 2 in air. (statistics is burned. 2. Gow the algae in in waterbody that has already been certain occupiedinduction by other aquacultural carbon dioxide its life span) Then, through reactions, these industries, lowering the cost. 3. Algae can be grow in waterbody that has already been occupied by other aquacultural biomass will be converted into oil, which can be refined and processed to industries, lowering the cost. produce Algal Biofuels.

GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION • There are several things that government can help with: Giving subsidy.

GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION • There are several things that government can help with: Giving subsidy. Because the PED of air traveling is big, most of the subsidy will be gained by producer using the SAFs. • Setting price floor. By setting the price floor, the demand of air traveling will decrease but the price will increase, so more money can be used to buy the SAFs. PROFITABILITY • SAF manufactures: Because the propose of the SAF, the profit of SAF manufactures will be increase. If the government intervenes the market, the demand for them will increase even higher, and the profit will increase as well. • Airlines: The profit will decrease. Due to the increase of expenditure of factors of production, the profit will decrease as the price remains constants. Within the intervention of the government, the profit decrease but relatively stable.

Decarbonize with SAF: ATJ-SPK Reasons for airlines to accept ATJ-SPK Role of Government: Production:

Decarbonize with SAF: ATJ-SPK Reasons for airlines to accept ATJ-SPK Role of Government: Production: Full Name: Alcohol-To-Jet Synthetic Paraffin Kerosene 1. The price of structure SPK will belandfill relatively stable, thusthe reducing risk from fluctuations in the market. Improve the of to meet need ofthe producing ethanol. Carbon monoxide is captured in sites steel mills. Abbreviation: 2. CO is converted ATJ-SPK, to ethanol. or, SPK As the raw material of the that SPKconverts had been. CO “waste”, cost of that this converts SAF will. Cnot be high, along 2. facilities to C 2 Hthe and to SPK in or. Install/pre-install 5 OH, 2 H 5 OH with financial the this SPK willemission not bring burden to the steel mills. Utility: 1. Certain Mix species withaids traditional of from bacteria aviation isgovernments, put into fuellandfill. so asusing to reduce carbon as financial well as cost. company, and turns mightvarious even beorganic profitable. 2. The bacteria garbages into ethanol. 3. Provide financial Max Mix Ratio: 1: 1 aid & bonus to corporations that use SPK for fuel. 3. Taking the designed lead using environmentally friendly fuel into for aairplanes will bring 3. A specially catalyst system changes the ethanol higher energy jet fuelconsiderable blendstock, benefit for the company or advertising SPK.