Darwin Evolution Population Evolution Selection Speciation Patterns of

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Darwin

Darwin

Evolution

Evolution

Population Evolution

Population Evolution

Selection

Selection

Speciation

Speciation

Patterns of Evolution

Patterns of Evolution

$100 $200 $200 $100 $200 $300 $300 $400 $400 $500 $500

$100 $200 $200 $100 $200 $300 $300 $400 $400 $500 $500

What did Darwin call Natural Selection

What did Darwin call Natural Selection

Survival of the Fittest

Survival of the Fittest

The process where the breeder selects the best trait is called?

The process where the breeder selects the best trait is called?

Artificial Selection

Artificial Selection

What is the name of the book that Darwin wrote?

What is the name of the book that Darwin wrote?

The Origin of Species

The Origin of Species

Hutton & Lylle both said what about the formation of the earth?

Hutton & Lylle both said what about the formation of the earth?

The earth is millions of years old/the earth was formed by geologic forces

The earth is millions of years old/the earth was formed by geologic forces

The 2 guys that came up with a mathematical equation that can predict allele

The 2 guys that came up with a mathematical equation that can predict allele frequencies?

Hardy & Weinberg

Hardy & Weinberg

All of the genes in a population is called?

All of the genes in a population is called?

Gene Pool

Gene Pool

Name 2 sources of genetic variation.

Name 2 sources of genetic variation.

Mutations Crossover (Gene Shuffling)

Mutations Crossover (Gene Shuffling)

Any organ that is reduced in function that may have been used by an

Any organ that is reduced in function that may have been used by an ancestor?

Vestigial Organ

Vestigial Organ

Body structures that are similar in structure and function?

Body structures that are similar in structure and function?

Homologous Structures

Homologous Structures

Body structures that are similar in function but different in structure are called?

Body structures that are similar in function but different in structure are called?

Analogous Structures

Analogous Structures

A trait controlled by more than one gene is called?

A trait controlled by more than one gene is called?

Polygenic Trait

Polygenic Trait

A random change in allele frequencies over the generations is called?

A random change in allele frequencies over the generations is called?

Genetic Drift

Genetic Drift

When allele frequencies remain constant it is called?

When allele frequencies remain constant it is called?

Genetic Equalibrium

Genetic Equalibrium

What occurs when allele frequencies in a group of migrating individuals are by chance

What occurs when allele frequencies in a group of migrating individuals are by chance not the same as that of the original population?

Founder Effect

Founder Effect

What effect can happen when a population’s numbers undergoes a drastic decrease?

What effect can happen when a population’s numbers undergoes a drastic decrease?

Bottleneck Effect

Bottleneck Effect

Where individuals with favorable traits survive & pass on those traits to their offspring?

Where individuals with favorable traits survive & pass on those traits to their offspring?

Natural Selection

Natural Selection

When natural selection favors one extreme phenotype or the other.

When natural selection favors one extreme phenotype or the other.

Directional selection

Directional selection

When natural selection doesn’t favor either extreme phenotype.

When natural selection doesn’t favor either extreme phenotype.

Stabilizing selection

Stabilizing selection

When natural selection favors both extreme phenotypes.

When natural selection favors both extreme phenotypes.

Disruptive selection

Disruptive selection

What are the 5 conditions to maintain genetic equilibrium

What are the 5 conditions to maintain genetic equilibrium

1. Must be random mating 2. Must have a large pop. Size 3. No

1. Must be random mating 2. Must have a large pop. Size 3. No movement of genes 4. No mutations 5. No Natural selection

The evolution of a new species

The evolution of a new species

Speciation

Speciation

When 2 populations become separated by a geographic barrier (river, mtn. etc)

When 2 populations become separated by a geographic barrier (river, mtn. etc)

Geographic Isolation

Geographic Isolation

When a species doesn’t recognize another species as a mate because it didn’t do

When a species doesn’t recognize another species as a mate because it didn’t do the correct mating dance or call or make the correct display

Behavioral Isolation

Behavioral Isolation

When 2 species mate at different times

When 2 species mate at different times

Temporal Isolation

Temporal Isolation

When members of a population can no longer interbreed with the rest of the

When members of a population can no longer interbreed with the rest of the population is called?

Reproductive Isolation

Reproductive Isolation

Large scale evolution that takes place over a long period of time

Large scale evolution that takes place over a long period of time

Macroevolution

Macroevolution

What percentage of species that lived on earth have become extinct?

What percentage of species that lived on earth have become extinct?

99%

99%

Where two or more species originate from one species called a common ancestor.

Where two or more species originate from one species called a common ancestor.

Divergent Evolution

Divergent Evolution

Where 2 different species evolve in response to one another.

Where 2 different species evolve in response to one another.

Coevolution

Coevolution

What is it called when 2 different species inhabit similar environments and evolve similar

What is it called when 2 different species inhabit similar environments and evolve similar traits.

Convergent Evolution

Convergent Evolution