Daniel the Framework of Prophetic Revelation 1 Daniels

  • Slides: 71
Download presentation
Daniel: the Framework of Prophetic Revelation 1

Daniel: the Framework of Prophetic Revelation 1

Daniel’s th 4 Vision (10: 1 -12: 13) Prophecy of Israel’s Humiliation & Restoration

Daniel’s th 4 Vision (10: 1 -12: 13) Prophecy of Israel’s Humiliation & Restoration Daniel 11—part 2 2

The Literary Structure of Daniel 11 3

The Literary Structure of Daniel 11 3

The Initial Kings, 1 -4 The Kings of the South and the North, 5

The Initial Kings, 1 -4 The Kings of the South and the North, 5 -9 The Kings of the North and the South do Battle, 10 -13 ==>The King of the North’s Exploits, 14 -19 ==>The First Successor, 20 The Final Successor: his initial exploits, 21 -28 The Final Successor: his further exploits, 29 -35 The Future Successor: his final exploits, 36 -39 The Future Successor: his final days, 40 -45 4

Practical Application 5

Practical Application 5

 • The Bible is God’s inspired Word. • It was originally written w/o

• The Bible is God’s inspired Word. • It was originally written w/o any error whatsoever. • No detail of any prophecy has been wrong. • You can always trust God’s Word to be 6

 • Gentile kingdoms won’t last. • God will use their persecutions to purify

• Gentile kingdoms won’t last. • God will use their persecutions to purify His people, bring about their own destructions, & finally bring about Christ’s Return. • God’s people will be delivered & glorified. 7

Review 8

Review 8

 • vv 1 -13 cover the time period 530201 BC • 28 fulfilled

• vv 1 -13 cover the time period 530201 BC • 28 fulfilled prophetic details in vv 113 • The odds of all 28 prophetic details being fulfilled are 1 in 268, 435, 456. 9

The Aftermath of vv 10 -12 in v 13 Ptolemy V Epiphanes[lit. , the

The Aftermath of vv 10 -12 in v 13 Ptolemy V Epiphanes[lit. , the Manifested One] & Antiochus III Megas (the Great) 10

Verse 13 introduces a war that begins in 201 BC 11

Verse 13 introduces a war that begins in 201 BC 11

13 For the king of the North will again raise a greater multitude than

13 For the king of the North will again raise a greater multitude than the former, & after an interval of some years he will press on with a great army & 12

13 For the king of the North Antiochus III the Great has been gathering

13 For the king of the North Antiochus III the Great has been gathering strength since his defeat in 217 BC. 13

13 For the king of the North will again raise a greater multitude than

13 For the king of the North will again raise a greater multitude than the former Antiochus raises an even larger army to invade Egypt. 14

13. . . after an interval of some years[217 - -201 BC]he will press

13. . . after an interval of some years[217 - -201 BC]he will press on with a great army & much equipment. In 201 BC, Antiochus will commence warfare against Egypt again. 15

The Initial Kings, 1 -4 The Kings of the South and the North, 5

The Initial Kings, 1 -4 The Kings of the South and the North, 5 -9 The Kings of the North and the South do Battle, 10 -13 The King of the North’s Exploits, 1419 16

The Aftermath of vv 10 -13 in vv 1419 Ptolemy V Epiphanes[lit. , the

The Aftermath of vv 10 -13 in vv 1419 Ptolemy V Epiphanes[lit. , the Manifested One] & Antiochus III Megas (the Great) 17

Verses 14 -19 cover a period of ~15 yrs (201 -187 BC). 18

Verses 14 -19 cover a period of ~15 yrs (201 -187 BC). 18

Detailed Examination of Verses 14 -19 19

Detailed Examination of Verses 14 -19 19

Now in those times many will rise up against the king of the South

Now in those times many will rise up against the king of the South Others will join with the Syrian forces under Antiochus III the 20

14. . . the violent ones among your people will also lift themselves up

14. . . the violent ones among your people will also lift themselves up Even some rebellious Jews will join forces with Antiochus III the Great & fight the 21

14. . . the violent ones among your people will also lift themselves up.

14. . . the violent ones among your people will also lift themselves up. . . From history we know that the Egyptian general, Scopas, left a garrison in Jerusalem—the Jews attacked this garrison of soldiers. 22

also lift themselves up in order to fulfill the vision, but[and]they will fall down[fail].

also lift themselves up in order to fulfill the vision, but[and]they will fall down[fail]. Their goal was to get freedom from foreign rule, but ultimately they will fail because the more lenient 23

Syrian/ Seleucid rulers, leading to Antiochus Epiphanes. 14. . . in order to fulfill

Syrian/ Seleucid rulers, leading to Antiochus Epiphanes. 14. . . in order to fulfill the vision — This would be in accordance with all that is prophesied down to the end of v 35. God will use even the rebellions of His people to 24

15 Then the king of the North will come, cast up a siege ramp

15 Then the king of the North will come, cast up a siege ramp & capture a well-fortified city. . . The king of the South’s forces under Scopas were defeated in 198 BC by Antiochus III at the city of Sidon. 25

their ground. . . Three times forces from the South will attempt to rescue

their ground. . . Three times forces from the South will attempt to rescue Scopas, & all 3 x the King of the South’s armies will retreat, allowing not just the city to be captured, 26

15. . . the forces of the South will not stand their ground, not

15. . . the forces of the South will not stand their ground, not even their choicest troops, for there will be no strength to make a stand. This victory resulted in the recapture of all the land taken by the South, even to the southern border of Gaza. 27

16 But he[Antiochus]who comes against him [Ptolemy] will do as he [Antiochus]pleases, & no

16 But he[Antiochus]who comes against him [Ptolemy] will do as he [Antiochus]pleases, & no one will be able to withstand him. . . This is a reference to Antiochus III Megas & that the King of the South & his generals will not be able to withstand him. 28

16. . . he [Antiochus]will also stay for a time in the Beautiful Land[Israel],

16. . . he [Antiochus]will also stay for a time in the Beautiful Land[Israel], with destruction in his hand. Antiochus III will continue waging war. A prophetic warning of what his successor will do in Israel, viz. “destruction”, not the freedom that the 29

17 He [Antiochus]will set his face to come with the power of his whole

17 He [Antiochus]will set his face to come with the power of his whole kingdom, . . . With total victory just an invasion of Egypt away, Antiochus III does not invade. Why? Rome was threatening the North-West part of his kingdom. 30

17. . . bringing with him[Antiochus]a proposal of peace which he will put into

17. . . bringing with him[Antiochus]a proposal of peace which he will put into effect; he will also give him[Ptolemy—~15 -16 yo]the daughter[bethrothed 9 -10 yo in 195 BC] peace = another marriage alliance in 193 BC put into effect = force the marriage alliance 31

17. . . he [Antiochus]will also give him the daughter of women to ruin

17. . . he [Antiochus]will also give him the daughter of women to ruin it[Egypt]. Antiochus plotted to have his daughter, Cleopatra, be his spy in the Egyptian court. 32

daughter of women[Cleopatra]to ruin it[Egypt]. But she will not take a stand for him[Antiochus]

daughter of women[Cleopatra]to ruin it[Egypt]. But she will not take a stand for him[Antiochus] or be on his side. Cleopatra[now ~12 yo; Ptolemy ~17 -18 yo], finally married 33

18 Then he will turn his face to the coastlands & capture many. .

18 Then he will turn his face to the coastlands & capture many. . . Having made peace with Egypt, Antiochus will move north & successfully expand his kingdom into other Greek areas in NW Asia Minor not prev. under his control. 34

. . . But a commander will put a stop to his scron against

. . . But a commander will put a stop to his scron against him. . . In 191 BC Roman forces, led by a general who reported to consul Lucius Scipio Asiaticus, defeat Antiochus III, when he attempts 35

“his scorn” = refers to Antiochus’s scornful treatment of the Roman ambassadors at a

“his scorn” = refers to Antiochus’s scornful treatment of the Roman ambassadors at a mtg in Lysimachia, when Antiochus III said “Asia did not 36

18. . . he will repay him for his scorn. Scipio, himself, will defeat

18. . . he will repay him for his scorn. Scipio, himself, will defeat Antiochus III again in Asia Minor in 189 BC near Ephesus & again near Pergamum in Asia Minor. The Romans will impose a burdensome annual 37

19 So he will turn his face toward the fortresses of his own land,

19 So he will turn his face toward the fortresses of his own land, but he will stumble & fall & be found no more. In 187 BC, while attempting to steal gold & silver to pay that tribute, Antiochus III will be killed, raiding Elam’s Temple of Bel. 38

Summary of Fulfilled Prophecies in verses 14 -19 39

Summary of Fulfilled Prophecies in verses 14 -19 39

 • • Non-Syrian allies will join with Antiochus III the Great in his

• • Non-Syrian allies will join with Antiochus III the Great in his war with the South Even some Jews will be among them The rebellious Jews won’t achieve their desired freedom • • 40 Antiochus will besiege & capture a key city—Sidon Antiochus will defeat repeated attempts to recapture Sidon. The Egyptians will retreat & Antiochus will recapture prev. lost land to the border of Egypt.

 • • completely successful in this military campaign He will not leave, but

• • completely successful in this military campaign He will not leave, but remain, in Israel Remaining in Israel will lead to destruction for the Jews • • 41 short of invading Egypt Antiochus will enact peace by forcing a marriage alliance upon Ptolemy, using his own daughter He hopes to have a spy in the Egyptian court

 • • • His daughter sides with her husband against her own father

• • • His daughter sides with her husband against her own father • Antiochus will capture other areas not prev under his control Antiochus previously treated the Romans with scorn • The Romans make Antiochus suffer for this scorn by exacting tribute from him Antiochus will be stopped by a leader 42

 • • Antiochus will invade his own lands to get gold & silver

• • Antiochus will invade his own lands to get gold & silver to pay the tribute 43 Antiochus will die raiding a temple to get gold & silver to pay the tribute

details. • vv 7 -13 contained 16 fulfilled prophetic details. • vv 14 -19

details. • vv 7 -13 contained 16 fulfilled prophetic details. • vv 14 -19 contained 19 fulfilled prophetic details. • No prophetic detail failed to come to 44

 • That’s 47 fulfilled prophetic details in vv 119 • The odds of

• That’s 47 fulfilled prophetic details in vv 119 • The odds of all 47 prophetic details being fulfilled are 1 in 140, 737, 488, 355, 328 — that’s ~1 chance in over 140 Trillion 12) (~140 x 10 , or 45

 • • To put that number in perspective: it’s ~438, 434. 5 times

• • To put that number in perspective: it’s ~438, 434. 5 times more than the 321 million cubic miles of water in all the oceans of the earth • it’s ~38, 037 times > the dist. of Pluto fr/the Sun—~1/4176 of the width of the Milky Way • if 1” represented the dist. of the Earth fr/the Sun, ~39. 8” is the dist of Pluto fr/the Sun, this would be ~23. 88 mi 46

 • The moon is, on average, ~225, 662 miles from the earth. •

• The moon is, on average, ~225, 662 miles from the earth. • 140, 737, 488, 355, 328 in miles would be ~623, 664, 987 times greater than the distance of the moon from the 47

 • There are 63, 360 inches in a mile. This would be the

• There are 63, 360 inches in a mile. This would be the number of inches in 2, 221, 235, 612 miles—to put this in perspective, the earth is ~7926 miles in diameter at the equator, & this would be equal to ~280, 246. 7 trips around the equator of the Earth. • that is more than the population of 20, 105 planet Earths!!! 48

 • The odds of winning the Powerball jackpot in 2019 is 1 chance

• The odds of winning the Powerball jackpot in 2019 is 1 chance in 292 million. • This number is ~481, 978 times as great. • Someone would only win once in 20, 082 49

The Initial Kings, 1 -4 The Kings of the South and the North, 5

The Initial Kings, 1 -4 The Kings of the South and the North, 5 -9 The Kings of the North and the South do Battle, 10 -13 The King of the North’s Exploits, 14 -19 The First Successor, 50 20

SELEUCUS IV PHILOPATOR(lover of the father) known as The Raiser of Taxes 51

SELEUCUS IV PHILOPATOR(lover of the father) known as The Raiser of Taxes 51

Verse 20 covers a period of ~13 yrs (187 -175 BC). 52

Verse 20 covers a period of ~13 yrs (187 -175 BC). 52

20 Then in his place one will arise who will send an oppressor through

20 Then in his place one will arise who will send an oppressor through the Jewel of his kingdom; yet within a few days he will be shattered, though not 53

who will send an oppressor. . . “his place” = Antiochus III Megas “one

who will send an oppressor. . . “his place” = Antiochus III Megas “one will arise” = Seleucus Philopater 54

20 Then in his place one will arise who will send an oppressor. .

20 Then in his place one will arise who will send an oppressor. . . Seleucus Philopater will appoint Heliodorus to collect the thousands of talents of tribute Rome required. 55

20. . . one will arise who will send an oppressor through the Jewel

20. . . one will arise who will send an oppressor through the Jewel of his kingdom. . . This is Jerusalem & its Temple. 56

20. . . one will arise who will send an oppressor through the Jewel

20. . . one will arise who will send an oppressor through the Jewel of his kingdom. . . Eventually, the most valued treasures of the Seleucid kingdom will be seized—even the treasures of the Temple from his father’s allies, the Jews. 57

. . . one will arise who will send an oppressor through the Jewel

. . . one will arise who will send an oppressor through the Jewel of his kingdom; yet within a few days he will be shattered. . . Attempting to plunder the Temple will bring about his death. 58

. . . yet within a few days he will be shattered. . .

. . . yet within a few days he will be shattered. . . not “a few days” from the beginning of his reign, but “a few days” from his command to have Heliodorus plunder 59

20. . . yet within a few days he will be shattered, though not

20. . . yet within a few days he will be shattered, though not in anger nor in battle. When Heliodorus returns to Seleucus Philopater, he murders him & installs Seleucus’ younger brother as king. 60

Summary of Fulfilled Prophecies in verses 1 -20 61

Summary of Fulfilled Prophecies in verses 1 -20 61

 • • The descendant of Antiochus III the Great, Seleucus IV Philopater will

• • The descendant of Antiochus III the Great, Seleucus IV Philopater will oppress his father’s allies He won’t do it himself, instead he will send someone else (Heliodorus) to oppress the Jews, Jerusalem, & the • • 62 Temple (the Jewel) His life won’t last long after sending the oppressor He will die, but not by battle, nor in a fit of anger—Heliodorus will assassinate him

 • v 20 contained 4 fulfilled prophetic details—that makes 51 fulfilled prophetic details

• v 20 contained 4 fulfilled prophetic details—that makes 51 fulfilled prophetic details in vv 1 -20 • The odds of all 51 prophetic details being fulfilled are 1 in 2, 251, 799, 813, 685, 248 — that’s 1 chance in over 2. 25 quadrillion!!! (2. 25 quadrillion is 2. 25 x 1 million x 1 billion, or 15 2. 25 x 10 , that’s 225 followed by 13 zeroes), or ~0. 00000004441% chance 63

 • • To put that number in perspective: that is ~7, 014, 953

• • To put that number in perspective: that is ~7, 014, 953 times more than the 321 million cubic miles of water in all the oceans of the earth (Mass. est. pop. is 6. 93 M) • that is ~608, 595 times greater than the distance of Pluto from the Sun (~1/442 of the width of the Milky Way galaxy) • if 1” represented the dist. of the Earth fr/the Sun, ~39. 8” is the distance of Pluto from the Sun, this would be ~382. 29 miles. 64

 • The moon is, on average, ~225, 662 miles from the earth. •

• The moon is, on average, ~225, 662 miles from the earth. • 2, 251, 799, 813, 685, 248 in miles would be ~9, 978, 639, 796 times greater than the distance of the moon from the 65

 • There are 63, 360 inches in a mile. This would be the

• There are 63, 360 inches in a mile. This would be the number of inches in 35, 539, 769, 786. 699 miles • the earth is ~7926 miles in diameter at the equator, & this would be equal to ~4, 483, 947. 7 trips around the equator of the Earth. • that is the population of ~321, 685. 7 planet Earths!!! 66

 • The odds of winning the Powerball jackpot in 2019 is 1 chance

• The odds of winning the Powerball jackpot in 2019 is 1 chance in 292 million. • This number is ~7, 711, 643. 2 times as great. • Someone would only win once in nearly 321, 318 years! 67

The Initial Kings, 1 -4 The Kings of the South and the North, 5

The Initial Kings, 1 -4 The Kings of the South and the North, 5 -9 The Kings of the North and the South do Battle, 10 -13 The King of the North’s Exploits, 14 -19 The First Successor, 20 The Final Successor: his initial exploits, 21 -28 68

 • This next ancient ruler will be the final/last ancient ruler found in

• This next ancient ruler will be the final/last ancient ruler found in Daniel chapter 11. • This final ancient ruler will prefigure (be a picture of) Antichrist—Antichrist will be like this ruler on steroids. • We have encountered this ruler in Daniel 8: 9 -14, and 8: 23 -25—the “little horn” that grew out of one of the Goat’s four horns/rulers that replaced the Goat’s great horn/ruler (Alexander the Great). 69 st 1

Antiochus IV Epiphanes (Epiphanes = the Manifested One is a Greek term used for

Antiochus IV Epiphanes (Epiphanes = the Manifested One is a Greek term used for a god, like Zeus, Apollo, or Hermes manifested to the eyes of men) 70

Daniel’s th 4 Vision (10: 1 -12: 13) Prophecy of Israel’s Humiliation & Restoration

Daniel’s th 4 Vision (10: 1 -12: 13) Prophecy of Israel’s Humiliation & Restoration Daniel 11—part 2 71