CYBER BULLYING CYBER BULLYING IS Being cruel to

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CYBER BULLYING

CYBER BULLYING

CYBER BULLYING IS… Being cruel to others by sending or posting harmful material using

CYBER BULLYING IS… Being cruel to others by sending or posting harmful material using technological means; an individual or group that uses information and communication involving electronic technologies to facilitate deliberate and repeated harassment or threat to an individual or group. Also known as: ‘Electronic Bullying’ & ‘Online Social Cruelty’

CYBER BULLIES’ TECHNOLOGY q E-mail q Cell phones q Text messages q Instant messaging

CYBER BULLIES’ TECHNOLOGY q E-mail q Cell phones q Text messages q Instant messaging q Personal web sites q Online personal polling web sites q Social Media

DIFFERENCES BULLYING CYBERBULLYING n DIRECT n ANONYMOUS n Occurs on school property n Occurs

DIFFERENCES BULLYING CYBERBULLYING n DIRECT n ANONYMOUS n Occurs on school property n Occurs off school property n Poor relationships with teachers n Good relationships with teachers n Fear retribution n Fear loss of technology privileges n Further under the radar than bullying n Emotional reactions cannot be determined Physical: Hitting, Punching & Shoving Verbal: Teasing, Name calling & Gossip Nonverbal: Use of gestures & Exclusion www. stopbullyingnow. hrsa. gov {Mc. Kenna & Bargh, 2004; Ybarra & Mitchell, 2004}

CYBER BULLY CATEGORIES “Inadvertent” “Power-Hungry” v v Role-play Responding May not realize it’s cyber

CYBER BULLY CATEGORIES “Inadvertent” “Power-Hungry” v v Role-play Responding May not realize it’s cyber bullying “Protection” v v Righting wrongs Protecting themselves “Mean Girls” v v v Bored; Entertainment Ego based; promote own social status Often do in a group Intimidate on and off line Need others to bully; if isolated, stop v Want reaction Controlling with fear “Revenge” (“Subset of Power-Hungry”) v v v Often Victims of school-yard bullies Throw ‘cyber-weight’ around Not school-yard bullies like Power-Hungry & Mean Girls {Parry Aftab. Esq. , Executive Director, Wired. Safety. org}

CYBER BULLYING TYPES n “Flaming’: Online fights using electronic messages with angry and vulgar

CYBER BULLYING TYPES n “Flaming’: Online fights using electronic messages with angry and vulgar language n “Harassment”: Repeatedly sending offensive, rude, and insulting messages n “Cyber stalking”: Repeatedly sending messages that include threats of harm or are highly intimidating. Engaging in other on-line activities that make a person afraid for his or her own safety n “Denigration”: ‘Dissing’ someone online. Sending or posting cruel gossip or rumors about a person to damage his or her reputation or friendships

CYBER BULLYING TYPES n “Impersonation”: Pretending to be someone else and sending or posting

CYBER BULLYING TYPES n “Impersonation”: Pretending to be someone else and sending or posting material online that makes that person look bad, gets that person in trouble or danger, or damages that person’s reputation or friendships n “Outing and Trickery”: Sharing someone’s secret or embarrassing information online. Tricking someone into revealing secrets or embarrassing information which is then shared online n “Exclusion”: Intentionally excluding someone from an on-line group, like a ‘buddy list’ {Nancy Willard, M. S. , J. D. , Director of the Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use}

CYBER BULLYING PREVALENCE n Aftab’s v v v statistics: 90% of middle school students

CYBER BULLYING PREVALENCE n Aftab’s v v v statistics: 90% of middle school students they polled had their feelings hurt online 65% of their students between 8 -14 have been involved directly or indirectly in a cyber bullying incident as the cyber bully, victim or friend 50% had seen or heard of a website bashing of another student 75% had visited a website bashing 40% had their password stolen and changed by a bully (locking them out of their own account) or sent communications posing as them Problems in studies: not assessing the ‘real thing’ i. e. Only 15% of parent polled knew what cyber bullying was

CYBER BULLYING STATISTICS *Taken from an i-SAFE America survey of students nationwide.

CYBER BULLYING STATISTICS *Taken from an i-SAFE America survey of students nationwide.

CYBER BULLYING LEGAL ISSUES Criminal Law Limits The following kinds of speech can lead

CYBER BULLYING LEGAL ISSUES Criminal Law Limits The following kinds of speech can lead to arrest & prosecution: n Making threats of violence to people or their property n Engaging in coercion n Making obscene or harassing phone calls n Harassment or stalking n Hate or bias crimes n Creating or sending sexually explicit images of teens n Sexual exploitation n Taking a photo of someone in place where privacy expected General (Willard, 2005)

CURRENT CYBER BULLYING PROGRAMS & RESPONSES What Everyone Needs to Know About Cyber bullying

CURRENT CYBER BULLYING PROGRAMS & RESPONSES What Everyone Needs to Know About Cyber bullying Education for Students: n All actions have consequences n Cyber bullying hurts n They are just being used and manipulated by cyber bully n Cyber bully and accomplices often become the target of cyber bullying themselves n Care about others and stand up for what’s right

CURRENT CYBER BULLYING ASSESSMENT Assessment to differentiate between ‘rude communications’ and ‘cyber bullying’: 1234

CURRENT CYBER BULLYING ASSESSMENT Assessment to differentiate between ‘rude communications’ and ‘cyber bullying’: 1234 - Kind of Threats Frequency of Threat Source of Threats Nature of the Threats … The more frequent, the greater the threat, the mention of more dangerous methods & the involvement of third parties tends to increase the seriousness of the threat Knowing the cyber bully may increase or decrease threat

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