- Slides: 31
Cultures of India, Persia, and China SOL Quiz Version A
In India's caste system, the top position is held by the a) b) c) d) shudras. shoguns. brahmans. caliphs.
Which religion replaces the question mark? a) b) c) d) Buddhism Hinduism Shintoism Taoism
A belief in reincarnation, karma, many forms of one major deity, and a caste system are characteristics of which of the following religions? a) b) c) d) Buddhism Hinduism Judaism Zoroastrianism
What major religion teaches both reincarnation and the conformity to a caste system? a) Hinduism b) Taoism c) Christianity d) Buddhism
Belief in many forms of one major deity is characteristic of a) b) c) d) Buddhism. Taoism. Shintoism. Hinduism
The Aryans, a light-skinned people probably related to the Persians, crossed the mountain passes and invaded the plains, abruptly destroying the highly advanced culture they encountered there. This passage best describes the fate of a) Ancient Egypt b) Early Chinese settlements along the Huang He River. c) The Hebrews after leaving Egypt. d) Harappan (Indus River) civilization.
The following is a sacred writing of Hinduism: a) b) c) d) Ten Commandments Code of Hammurabi Upanishads Koran
A characteristic of the Aryan society of India was a) b) c) d) a rigid caste system. development of a sophisticated alphabet. Buddhism as a religion. tolerance of conquered peoples.
This statue represents Siddhartha Gautama the founder of — a)Shintoism b)Buddhism c)Hinduism d)Confucianism
Which best describes nirvana as a goal of Buddhists? a) the forgiveness of sins granted by Buddhist priests for performing religious rituals b) the eternal bliss the soul experiences when it escapes from the cycle of death and rebirth c) the respect received by peers for following the Eightfold Path d) the peace of mind that one experiences after spending a year in a Buddhist monastery
The founder of Buddhism was a) b) c) d) Liu Bang. Siddhartha Gautama. Shi Huangdi. Chandragupta Maurya.
Siddhartha Gautama explained his new faith as a) a return to ceremonies and rituals that had been neglected. b) a search for answers to life’s mysteries that he had not found in Hinduism. c) rejection of the idea of a code of moral behavior aimed at harmony with nature. d) the perfect mixing of Hinduism and Shintoism.
Which best describes the origin of the religion of Buddhism? a) It was brought by the Aryans from Central Asia. b) It was developed by Siddhartha Gautama as a reform of Hinduism. c) It was based on traditional Dravidian beliefs. d) It was the religion of the early civilizations of the Indus Valley.
Which of the following was associated with construction of the Great Wall? a) b) c) d) Asoka Confucius Qin Shi Huangdi Siddhartha Gautama
China’s leaders received the right to rule by a) b) c) d) Mandate of Heaven. an elder chieftain. a high priest. military leaders.
In China, to rule by the Mandate of Heaven meant a) b) c) d) following the astrological signs. ruling fairly so that heaven would grant prosperity. strictly adhering to Buddhist religious principles. balancing the forces of the heavens.
Which statement accurately compares the development of Buddhism with that of Hinduism? a) Both began in India, and Hinduism has thrived there, while Buddhism has a larger following in other places. b) Buddhism came to India from China, while Hinduism began in India and dispersed to China. c) Hinduism began in China and was exported though Japan to India, while Buddhism emerged in India and spread throughout Asia. d) Both began in India, and both are highly popular religions there today.
All of the following ideas are attributed to Confucius except a) the best approach to social problems is inaction; nature must take its course. b) respect for the ancestors is a fundamental obligation. c) happiness of the people is more important than the privileges of the rulers. d) rulers must be fair and just if the country is to prosper.
The balance of the opposing forces of Yin and Yang (good and evil, light and dark) are central to a) b) c) d) Hinduism. Buddhism. Confucianism. Taoism.
Which of the following civilizations contributed a civil service system, paper, porcelain, and silk? a) b) c) d) Indus Gupta China Egypt
The jagged line of the map to the right represents the a) Great Wall of China. b) route of Marco Polo. c) Silk Road. d) border of modern China.
• Respect for elders • Civil service examinations • Ancestor worship The characteristics listed apply to which society? a) b) c) d) Ancient India The Muslim Empire Ancient China The Persian Empire
The attitude of respect and devotion to one's family observed in Chinese society, especially in the Imperial era, is known as a) b) c) d) animism ethnocentrism reincarnation filial piety
Zoroastrianism existed in which civilization? a) b) c) d) Phoenician Persian Egyptian Assyrian
This Persian Emperor built the Royal Road to facilitate rapid communication throughout his very large empire a) b) c) d) Cyrus. Cambyses. Darius. Xerxes.
Which city did Cambyses add to the Persian Empire? a) Memphis b) Odessus c) Nineveh d) Taxila
Which of these best replaces the question mark? a) Caste system b) Ancestor worship c) Code of politeness d) Imperial bureaucracy
Which civilization was not associated with a large and efficient civil service? a) b) c) d) Periclean Athens the Persian empire under Darius the Han dynasty of China the Roman empire