Cultural Diffusion The process by which an element

  • Slides: 20
Download presentation
Cultural Diffusion The process by which an element of culture (or an idea or

Cultural Diffusion The process by which an element of culture (or an idea or innovation) is transmitted from one individual or group to another. - How culture spreads

What Types of Culture Spread? • Popular Culture (Pop Culture) • Folk Culture

What Types of Culture Spread? • Popular Culture (Pop Culture) • Folk Culture

POP CULTURE

POP CULTURE

FOLK CULTURE

FOLK CULTURE

How does Culture Spread? • People move to a new area and take their

How does Culture Spread? • People move to a new area and take their culture with them – examples includecrops, language, traditions, building styles • Information about an innovation may spread through a society – examples include i. Phones, new music styles, religious ideas, trends…often mass media is involved — Known as Relocation Diffusion Expansion Diffusion

Relocation Diffusion

Relocation Diffusion

3 Types of Expansion Diffusion • Contagious Diffusion • Hierarchical Diffusion • Stimulus Diffusion

3 Types of Expansion Diffusion • Contagious Diffusion • Hierarchical Diffusion • Stimulus Diffusion

Contagious Diffusion • Diffusion that spreads like a disease – but not necessarily applying

Contagious Diffusion • Diffusion that spreads like a disease – but not necessarily applying only to diseases! • Uniformly affects all individuals and areas outward from the source region • Doesn’t really matter who you are or what you do to be exposed to the idea

Contagious Diffusion • Examples – influenza, viral on the internet, agriculture (like hybrid seeds),

Contagious Diffusion • Examples – influenza, viral on the internet, agriculture (like hybrid seeds), Buddhism (but not all religions), breaking news

Hierarchical Diffusion • The spread of an idea from persons or “nodes” of authority

Hierarchical Diffusion • The spread of an idea from persons or “nodes” of authority or power to other persons or places • Often spreads from big city to big city – may or may not stick in the little towns in between • Could spread from celebrities/powerful people as trend setters

Hierarchical Diffusion • Examples. Birkenstocks, Christianity, styles of clothing, hiphop music

Hierarchical Diffusion • Examples. Birkenstocks, Christianity, styles of clothing, hiphop music

Stimulus Diffusion • A general idea spreads and stimulates imitations/adaptations/improvements • Examples – creation

Stimulus Diffusion • A general idea spreads and stimulates imitations/adaptations/improvements • Examples – creation of a unique Cherokee written language, Beta vs. VHS, Macs, Siberians domesticated reindeers (after seeing domesticated cattle)

What type of Diffusion? • https: //www. ted. com/talks/cynthia_schneid er_the_surprising_spread_of_idol_tv • More about Hissa

What type of Diffusion? • https: //www. ted. com/talks/cynthia_schneid er_the_surprising_spread_of_idol_tv • More about Hissa Hilal: http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Dbt. RDB 4 RX 5 E • http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=m. R 8_P gts 5 Wg

Cultural Hearths • An area where cultural traits develop and from which the cultural

Cultural Hearths • An area where cultural traits develop and from which the cultural traits diffuse. • Examples? • Religions…. • Foods… • Music & Entertainment • Where is the culture hearth of BBQ?

How fast does culture spread? • Types of Diffusion are not speed specific –

How fast does culture spread? • Types of Diffusion are not speed specific – no type of diffusion is particularly fast or slow • Diffusion of innovations – 3% - innovators – 13% early adopters 68% majority – 16% laggards • What concept from the class does this relate to?

 • Rap music first appeared in New York in the 1970’s. Later, it

• Rap music first appeared in New York in the 1970’s. Later, it spread to large cities with vibrant African-American populations – such as Los Angeles, Oakland, Chicago, and Detroit – without being absorbed by the smaller cities and rural areas in between. This type of spatial diffusion is called a. b. c. d. relocation diffusion hierarchical diffusion contagious diffusion stimulus diffusion

The center and place of origin of a cultural tradition is called a a.

The center and place of origin of a cultural tradition is called a a. culture center b. cultural complex c. cultural trait d. culture hearth

Spanish-language concentration in Little Havana in Miami is an example of what type of

Spanish-language concentration in Little Havana in Miami is an example of what type of diffusion? a. b. c. d. relocation diffusion expansion diffusion stimulus diffusion hierarchical diffusion

The spread of AIDS is an example of what type of diffusion? a. b.

The spread of AIDS is an example of what type of diffusion? a. b. c. d. relocation diffusion expansion diffusion stimulus diffusion hierarchical diffusion

 • Define and Give an example of – – Relocation Diffusion Hierarchical Diffusion

• Define and Give an example of – – Relocation Diffusion Hierarchical Diffusion Stimulus Diffusion Contagious Diffusion (diseases not allowed)