- Slides: 16
Cultural Anthropology Linguistic Anthropology
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What is Linguistic Anthropology Linguistic anthropologists study the variation in human languages, the roots of human languages, and the role of language in shaping human thought and behavior. It is a subfield of cultural anthropology Main areas of study: – – – How language is used Relationship between language and culture How humans acquire language A Linguistic Anthropologist would look at: – Verbal language – Non-verbal language
Questions of a Linguistic Anthropologist – Are all human languages of equal complexity? Are some languages harder to learn than others? – How did language originate? – Are all the languages of the world related to one another? – Why is it so hard to speak a foreign language without an accent? – Does language shape thought or vice versa?
How Language Changes and Spreads How is language acquired – There are 150 sounds in world language Babies can detect all of them We lose the ability to detect that as we get older – Babies learn language through emersion in the language – Socialization Language diffusion – Language can change through contact with other culture groups – Language can be invented (Swahili) – Language can change through migration
Gender and Non-Verbal Signals Females – Claim less territory as their own – Stand closer to each other in conversation – Use more eye contact than men – Use more facial expression and are generally more outwardly expressive – More likely to return a smile when smiled at. In General Women smile more Males – More likely to have a room at home (den, workshop, office) that is off limits – Maintain greater distance from each other – Use less eye contact than women – Reveal less emotion through facial expressions than women – Less likely to return a smile. In general, men smile less than women
Gender and Non-Verbal Signals Females – Take up less space - Women hold legs more together and keep arms close to body – Stand farther from people who speak loudly – Women use fewer gestures. Women use more gestures with men than with women. Women use more gestures when seeking approval. – Cross legs at the knees or cross ankles with knees slightly apart. – More likely to play with hair or clothing, and place hands in their laps Males – Men tend to have legs apart at 1015 degree angle and hold arms 510 degrees away from body. – Men maintain the same distance whether people speak loudly or normally. – Men use more gestures than women in general social situations. Men use about the same amount of gestures with men or women. – Men tend to set with legs apart or stretched out in front and ankles crossed. – More likely to use sweeping arm and hand gestures.
Gender and Non-Verbal Signals Females – Women do not necessarily interpret a man’s touch as a sexual invitation. – More likely to keep hands on arms of a chair. Males – Men often interpret a woman’s touch as a form of sexual communication. – Men rarely keep hands on the arms of chairs.
Gender and Non-Verbal Signals Question – Situation 1: A man and a woman sit next to each other on an airplane. Which most often uses the armrest in the middle? Answer – In a study of 426 malefemale pairs, 284 men claimed the armrest and only 57 women claimed it.
Jazz Age Glossary All wet Applesauce Bee’s Knees Belly Laugh Berries Big Cheese Bull Session Bump Off Carry A Torch Cat’s Meow Cheaters Copasetic Crush Wrong; arguing a mistaken notion or belief A term of derogation; non-sense; baloney A superb person or thing A loud, uninhibited laugh Anything wonderful; similar to bee’s knees An important person An informal group discussion To murder To suffer from unrequited love Anything wonderful; similar to bee’s knees Eyeglasses Excellent An infatuation with a person of the opposite sex
Jazz Age Glossary Dogs Fall guy Flapper Giggle Water Gin Mill Goofy Hard-Boiled Heebie-Jeebie Human feet A scapegoat A typical young girl of the 20’s An alcoholic drink A speak-easy Silly Tough; without sentiment The jitters
90’s Language 404 411 Bag On Check It Out Clueless Cool Da Bomb Dig It Dipstick Dis Dog Drop Knowledge Dude Clueless or naïve Information To tease, nag or complain Pay attention Unaware; naïve; lacking knowledge Calm, fine, acceptable, neat exciting Great; awesome; extremely cool Do you understand? A stupid person To disrespect To criticize sharply or act like a jerk To give or tell To share information or experience Person, especially male – greeting
90’s Language Get outta here Hang out Jam Rag Rap Rents School Totally For Real Trip Turkey Way What’s Up You must be kidding To relax or to gather To leave; to go To tease, put down, criticize To talk or a kind of music Parents To teach a lesson to Very, very much True? Is it true? Unusual or strange, overreact Someone who is stupid or silly Yes, positive affirmation to “no way” Hi. What’s new or happening?
Text Language BFF LOL BRB LMAO A 3 CMIIW FOMCL IYKWIM JJA MTFBWU OTTOMH PRW SBTSBC SMHID UGTBK Best friends forever Laugh out loud Be right back Laughing my @$$ off Anytime, anywhere anyplace Correct me if I'm wrong Falling off my chair laughing If you know what I mean Just joking around May the force be with you Off the top of my head Parents/people watching Same bat time, same bat channel Scratching my head in disbelief You’ve gotta be kidding