Critical Thinking Critical thinking is basic to academic

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Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking

Critical thinking is basic to academic inquiry 'critical thinking' 'critical analysis' 'analyse critically' 'to

Critical thinking is basic to academic inquiry 'critical thinking' 'critical analysis' 'analyse critically' 'to think critically'

Being ‘critical’ means: not accepting things as said • Even if; – You already

Being ‘critical’ means: not accepting things as said • Even if; – You already believed it – Everybody else believes it – A close friend, wise person, or authority believes it

Critical Thinking means having a habit of; • Looking for evidence and argument •

Critical Thinking means having a habit of; • Looking for evidence and argument • Being open-minded, but also skeptical Discuss open-minded, and skeptical

Critical, in this sense, doesn’t mean • Negative • Arguing against.

Critical, in this sense, doesn’t mean • Negative • Arguing against.

To think critically means to ask a range of questions about the; • Ideas

To think critically means to ask a range of questions about the; • Ideas • Claims • Arguments

Like. . . • Who is making the claim? (The source) • What is

Like. . . • Who is making the claim? (The source) • What is the authority for the claim? – Is it opinion, prejudice, hearsay? • What is , and how reliable is, this evidence? • Does it support the claim? • What other interpretations might there be?

These questions enable you to evaluate the claim and hence decide whether it should

These questions enable you to evaluate the claim and hence decide whether it should be accepted or rejected.

Evidence might be; • Stronger – Formal experimental data – Academic argument • Weaker

Evidence might be; • Stronger – Formal experimental data – Academic argument • Weaker – What you see or hear – Hearsay

How would you Rate? • Newspaper article? • TV program? • Web site? •

How would you Rate? • Newspaper article? • TV program? • Web site? • Book? • Journal? • Magazine? • Personal observation? • Scientific study? • A friend’s Opinion?