Corrosion of Brass quick connectors on Yoke Cooling

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Corrosion of Brass quick connectors on Yoke Cooling circuit Norbert FRANK - PH-CMX

Corrosion of Brass quick connectors on Yoke Cooling circuit Norbert FRANK - PH-CMX

 • Problem: – High Temperature in radial cable tray on YB 0 sec.

• Problem: – High Temperature in radial cable tray on YB 0 sec. +3 in Nov. 2011 -> no flow in this sector! – Slight and constant decrease in flow observed since Feb. 2011 • After investigation: – One blocked quick connector (type QC 4) found in thermal screen output side of sector +3 (YB 0) in Feb. 2012 Norbert FRANK - PH-CMX

 • • • Further 4 quick connectors (type QC 4) have been changed

• • • Further 4 quick connectors (type QC 4) have been changed same problem of corrosion While dismounting, all of their stems were breaking Chemical Analysis (EN/MME-MM) Elmt Fe Cu Zn Pb • Element % 0. 42 98. 86 0. 95 -0. 23 Sigma % 0. 21 0. 81 0. 65 0. 44 Atomic % 0. 47 98. 67 0. 93 -0. 07 Picture EN/MME-MM Initial Components (C. o. C. Swagelok) • • • Line K K K M Fe - 0. 11 % Cu - 60. 64 % Zn - 35. 81 % Pb - 3. 31 % Zinc is almost disappeared, as in leaching phenomenon, typical of brass Picture EN/MME-MM Norbert FRANK - PH-CMX

 • After having changed these 4 quick connectors (type QC 4), YB 0

• After having changed these 4 quick connectors (type QC 4), YB 0 main flow increased about 4 l/min • One bigger quick connector (type QC 6) has been changed -> same symptom of corrosion Pictures: M. Droege ETH Norbert FRANK - PH-CMX

Status, geography and accessibility • Quick connectors serve the radial thermal screen panels, vac-tanc

Status, geography and accessibility • Quick connectors serve the radial thermal screen panels, vac-tanc thermal screens and HO-RBX boxes. • In case of failure: no leaks, just blockage of the cooling loop (broken stem should stay blocked in the quick connector). We have proven in November 2011 that we can most probably survive with no cooling on one sector. The temperature of the HO-RBX boxes should be observed, but in principle, they should also survive without cooling. • Geography: • - 96 QC 4 connectors (mobile wheels, RTS) – not accessible 12 QC 4 connectors (YB 0, RTS) – 6 accessible – 5 already changed 48 QC 4 connectors (mobile wheels, HO-RBX boxes) – not accessible 48 QC 4 connectors (YB 0, HO-RBX boxes) – not accessible 12 QC 6 connectors (YB 0, RTS) – 10 accessible – 1 already changed 24 QC 8 connectors (YB 0, Vac. TS) – accessibility has to be checked – 0 already changed (vac-tanc thermal screens, Rack cooling circuit) Changing of a accessible connector requires: - Cooling loop to be closed (pump can stay on, no need for stopping the circuit) - Thermal screen panel shall not be emptied - The same quick connector exist in Stainless Steel and can be replaced with no further part - replacement (to be checked regarding corrosion: compatibility between existing brass nut + copper pipe and new stainless steel quick connector) Changing one connector takes about 20 min, once the accessibility is granted to the sector Norbert FRANK - PH-CMX

Conclusion • “…A dezincification has occurred in the brass stem, which is a typical

Conclusion • “…A dezincification has occurred in the brass stem, which is a typical form of corrosion of brass (selective corrosion of brass is called dezincification or leaching). As expected, de-zincified areas show a relatively porous and weak layer of copper and copper oxide. Usual analyses in de-zincified areas indicate 90 to 95% Cu, which is indeed the main element signal in our analysis of corroded areas. This usually occurs when brass is used in specific environments. Dezincification of brass components in demineralized water has already been demonstrated in the power convertors of LHC…”(EN/MME-MM, EDMS 1194977, 1195880) • No further tests on Yoke cooling circuit have been performed this year (no flow/pressure variations) • Connectors need to be changed Norbert FRANK - PH-CMX