CORe The Impact of the Geographical Dimension on

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CORe The Impact of the Geographical Dimension on ETER database: A First Exploratory Analysis

CORe The Impact of the Geographical Dimension on ETER database: A First Exploratory Analysis Valerio Veglio; Università della Svizzera Italiana Benedetto Lepori; Università della Svizzera Italiana USI

Aim Preliminary descriptive analysis on the geographical structure of HEIs activities and the association

Aim Preliminary descriptive analysis on the geographical structure of HEIs activities and the association with the FUAs characteristics. USI

European Tertiary Education Register (ETER) §ETER register provides a set of information including demographic

European Tertiary Education Register (ETER) §ETER register provides a set of information including demographic information, geographical position (e. g. : latitude and longitude), number of students and degrees, number of staff, expenditures and revenues. §ETER database (2011 -2012): 2. 293 HEIs in 31 European Countries (all EU-28 countries expect Slovenia and Romania, plus Liechtenstein, Norway, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Switzerland). §Lack of information on Academic Staff (FTE) for UK, France, Austria, Estonia, Greece, Latvia and Republic of Macedonia. USI

Match Definition § Match with the list of the municipalities (source: GOV. regionstat@oecd. org).

Match Definition § Match with the list of the municipalities (source: GOV. [email protected] org). § Match with ETER database in order to aggregate each FUAs with HEIs. USI

Research Methodology Data Sources § ETER Database § Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development

Research Methodology Data Sources § ETER Database § Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) Data Sample § 110 Metropolitan FUAs for which OECD provides data Research Methods § Descriptive Analysis § Gini Index and/or Lorenz Curve § Kernell Density Function USI

ETER Variables (1/2) Variable Measure Bachelor Students Number of Students Enrolled at the Bachelor

ETER Variables (1/2) Variable Measure Bachelor Students Number of Students Enrolled at the Bachelor Level (ISCED 6) Master Students Number of Students Enrolled at the Master Level (ISCED 7) Undergraduate Students Total Number of Students Enrolled at the Diploma, Bachelor and Master Level (ISCED 5 -7) Number of Ph. D Students Enrolled (ISCED 8) USI

ETER Variables (2/2) Variable Measure Number of Pubblications Total Number of Publications in the

ETER Variables (2/2) Variable Measure Number of Pubblications Total Number of Publications in the Scimago Institutional Ranking EU-FP participations Number of Participations to EU-FPs from the EUPRO database Total Academic Staff Full Time Equivalent (FTE) Highest Degree Delivered Categorical Variable: Diploma (0) – Bachelor (1) – Master (2) – Ph. D (3) Institution Category Standardized Categorical Variables: Other Institutions (0) – University (1) – University of Applied Science (2) USI

Functional Area Variables Variable Measure FU_Code of the functional urban area FU_Core Code, which

Functional Area Variables Variable Measure FU_Code of the functional urban area FU_Core Code, which shows that the HEI belong to the core of the municipalities. It is equal to 1 if the HEI refers to the core, 0 otherwise FU_Name of the main city related to the functional urban area FU_Restricted Dummy variable. It identifies all geographical area with more than 500, 000 inhabitants whereby the OECD provides statistics. Number of HEIs for each FUAs USI

OECD Variables Variable Measure Population Total amount of the population for each functional area

OECD Variables Variable Measure Population Total amount of the population for each functional area with more than 500, 000 inhabitants. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Total amount of the Gross Domestic Product for each functional area with more than 500, 000 inhabitants. Patents Applications Total number of patents for each functional area with more than 500, 000 inhabitants. USI

Descriptive Findings Metropolitan FUAs ETER Percentage Composition Total of Undergraduate Students Total of Ph.

Descriptive Findings Metropolitan FUAs ETER Percentage Composition Total of Undergraduate Students Total of Ph. D Students 8. 691. 758 312. 804 16. 601. 178 501. 310 52, 36% 62, 40% Bivariate Correlations Total Population 2012 GDP_capita EU_FP_capita Patents Application Total Academic Staff by TP Total Undergraduate Students by TP Total Ph. D Students by TP Number of Publications by TP Total Bachelor Students by TP Total Master Students by TP Total Population 2012 1. 352** -, 097 -, 057 -. 270* -. 210* -, 133 -, 142 -. 205* -, 143 **. Correlation is significant at the 0. 01 level (2 -tailed). *. Correlation is significant at the 0. 05 level (2 -tailed). USI

Scatter Plot (1/2) USI

Scatter Plot (1/2) USI

Scatter Plot (2/2) USI

Scatter Plot (2/2) USI

Gini Index Values USI Variables Gini Index Value Patent Applications 0, 60 GDP_2010 0,

Gini Index Values USI Variables Gini Index Value Patent Applications 0, 60 GDP_2010 0, 51 Total Population 2012 0, 44 Total Academic Staff FTE 0, 38 Total Undergraduate Students 0, 42 Total Ph. D Students 0, 47 EU-FPs Participations 0, 53 Number of Publications 0, 45 Total Bachelor Students 0, 42 Total Master Students 0, 49

Kernel Estimation Density USI

Kernel Estimation Density USI

Discussion and Future Directions 1) Identification of Geographical Dimensions to be integrate in ETER

Discussion and Future Directions 1) Identification of Geographical Dimensions to be integrate in ETER database. 1) HEIs Geographic Analysis by Country (e. g. : Do most reputed HEIs are mainly concentrated in the core of the FUAs? Which most reputed HEIs belong to the periphery of the FUAs? ). 3) Spatial Autoregressive Models. … USI

CORe Thank you for your attention! USI

CORe Thank you for your attention! USI