CORE CURRICULUM Basic Safety Construction Site Safety Orientation

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CORE CURRICULUM Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

CORE CURRICULUM Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Session 1: Safety and Hazard Recognition Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Session 1: Safety and Hazard Recognition Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Session One Objectives When trainees have completed this session, they should be able to

Session One Objectives When trainees have completed this session, they should be able to do the following: 1. Describe the importance of safety, the causes of workplace accidents, and the process of hazard recognition and control. a. Define incidents and the significant costs associated with them. b. Identify the common causes of incidents and their related consequences. c. Describe the processes related to hazard recognition and control, including the Hazard Communication (HAZCOM) Standard and the provisions of a safety data sheet (SDS). Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Sections 1. 1. 1 and 1. 1. 2 – Safety Incidents INCIDENT CATEGORIES THE

Sections 1. 1. 1 and 1. 1. 2 – Safety Incidents INCIDENT CATEGORIES THE FATAL FOUR • Near-miss: Serious or disabling injuries: received injuries An unplanned event. Personnel or occurrence in which no that in temporary or permanent disability. Included one resulted was injured and no damage to property occurred, but in this category would be lost-time incidents, restricted duty during which either could have happened. Near-miss or restricted cases, those that resulted in partial incidents aremotion warnings that and should always be reported or totalthan disability. rather overlooked or taken lightly. • Fatalities: Deaths resulting from unplanned Property damage: An unplanned event that incidents. resulted in damage to tools, materials, or equipment, but no personal injuries. • Minor injuries: Personnel may have received minor cuts, bruises, or strains, but the injured workers returned to full duty on their next regularly scheduled work shift. Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Section 1. 2. 0 – Safety Incidents CAUSES OF INCIDENTS • • • Failure

Section 1. 2. 0 – Safety Incidents CAUSES OF INCIDENTS • • • Failure to communicate At-risk work habits Alcohol or drug abuse Lack of skill Intentional acts Unsafe acts Rationalizing risks Unsafe conditions Housekeeping Management failure Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Section 1. 3. 0 – HAZCOM Your HAZCOM Responsibilities • Know where the SDSs

Section 1. 3. 0 – HAZCOM Your HAZCOM Responsibilities • Know where the SDSs are kept on the job site. • Report any hazards you spot on the job site to your supervisor. • Know the physical and health hazards of any hazardous materials on your job site, and know and practice the precautions needed to protect yourself from these hazards. • Know what to do in an emergency, including planned evacuation routes and locations of emergency phones. • Know the location and content of your employer’s written hazard communication program. Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Section 1. 3. 1 – Energy Release SOURCES OF ENERGY RELEASE • • •

Section 1. 3. 1 – Energy Release SOURCES OF ENERGY RELEASE • • • Mechanical Pneumatic Hydraulic Electrical Chemical • • Thermal (heat or cold) Radioactive Gravitational Stored energy Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Sections 1. 3. 3 and 1. 3. 4 – Incident Reporting All on-the-job injuries

Sections 1. 3. 3 and 1. 3. 4 – Incident Reporting All on-the-job injuries or other incidents, no matter how minor, must be reported to your supervisor! US employers with more than 10 employees are required to maintain a log of significant work-related injuries and illnesses using specific forms and documents. Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Section 1. 3. 5 – Safety Data Sheets SDS/MSDS • Each product used on

Section 1. 3. 5 – Safety Data Sheets SDS/MSDS • Each product used on a construction site must have an SDS or an MSDS available for immediate use. • The most important things to look for are the specific hazards, personal protection requirements, handling procedures, and first aid information. Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Wrap Up – Trade Terms Safety culture Management system Ground fault Confined space Combustible

Wrap Up – Trade Terms Safety culture Management system Ground fault Confined space Combustible The culture created theawhole companyelectrical seesincluding of a safe Pneumatic The organization aigniting company’s management, reporting Incidental grounding of conducting wire. A work area largeofwhen enough for a person toburning; work, the butvalue arranged in Capable of easily and rapidly used to work environment. procedures, responsibility, and administration. Powered bysupervisory air pressure, such as a pneumatic tool. such a way employee must physically enter the space to describe a that fuel an with a flash point at or above 100°F (38°C). perform work. A confined has a limited or restricted Hazard Communication Standard (HAZCOM) Safety Data Sheet (SDS) space means of entry and exit. isand notany designed for substance. continuous work. and. It. Health Administration (OSHA)The Occupational Safety Health Administration AOccupational document that. Safety must accompany hazardous Competent person Tanks, vessels, silos, pits, vaults, hoppers are examples of An agency of the US Department ofand Labor. Also refers tothe SDS identifies substance and gives the exposure limits, Respirator standard that requires contractors to educate employees confined spaces. also permit-required confined space. physical and chemical characteristics, the kind of ithow presents, Occupational Safety and Health Act the ofair 1970, a hazard law that applies A who is. See capable offiltered identifying and Aperson device that provides clean, for existing breathing, no matter about hazardous chemicals on job site and to to precautions forhazards safe handling and use, and specific control measures. more than 111 million workers and or 7 million job sites in whatthan is in more the surrounding air. predictable in the surroundings working work with them safely. the US. conditions Flammablethat are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to Trench and igniting who authorization prompt Hydraulic Capable of easily and rapidly burning; used to that describe Aemployees, narrow excavation madehas below the surface ofto thetake ground is Personal protective equipment (PPE) corrective eliminate them. generally deeper than it isto wide, with a maximum Powered by fluid under pressure. a fuel with ameasures flash point below 100°F (38°C). width of 15 feet (4. 6 Equipment clothing designed to prevent or reduce injuries. m). Also seeor excavation. Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15

Next Session… ELEVATED WORK AND FALL PROTECTION Read Sections 2. 0. 0 through 2.

Next Session… ELEVATED WORK AND FALL PROTECTION Read Sections 2. 0. 0 through 2. 4. 3. Complete the 1. 0. 0 and 2. 0. 0 Section Reviews. Basic Safety (Construction Site Safety Orientation) 00101 -15