# Copyright 2008 Pearson Education Inc Publishing as Pearson

Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 1

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power and Sum. Difference Rules OBJECTIVES Ø Differentiate using the Power Rule or the Sum-Difference Rule. Ø Ø Differentiate a constant or a constant times a function. Determine points at which a tangent line has a specified slope. Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Leibniz’s Notation: When y is a function of x, we will also designate the derivative, , as which is read “the derivative of y with respect to x. ” Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 3

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules THEOREM 1: The Power Rule For any real number k, Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 4

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 1: Differentiate each of the following: a) b) c) Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 5

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 2: Differentiate: a) a) b) b) Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 6

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules THEOREM 2: The derivative of a constant function is 0. That is, Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 7

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules THEOREM 3: The derivative of a constant times a function is the constant times the derivative of the function. That is, Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 8

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 3: Find each of the following derivatives: a) a) b) c) b) Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 9

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 3 (concluded): c) Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 10

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules THEOREM 4: The Sum-Difference Rule Sum: The derivative of a sum is the sum of the derivatives. Difference: The derivative of a difference is the difference of the derivatives. Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 11

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 5: Find each of the following derivatives: a) b) a) Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 12

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 5 (concluded): b) Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 13

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 6: Find the points on the graph of at which the tangent line is horizontal. Recall that the derivative is the slope of the tangent line, and the slope of a horizontal line is 0. Therefore, we wish to find all the points on the graph of f where the derivative of f equals 0. Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 14

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 6 (continued): So, for Setting equal to 0: Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 15

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 6 (continued): To find the corresponding y-values for these x-values, substitute back into Thus, the tangent line to the graph of is horizontal at the points (0, 0) and (4, 32). Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 16

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 6 (concluded): Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 17

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 7: Find the points on the graph of at which the tangent line has slope 6. Here we will employ the same strategy as in Example 6, except that we are now concerned with where the derivative equals 6. Recall that we already found that Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 18

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 7 (continued): Thus, Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 19

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 7 (continued): Again, to find the corresponding y-values, we will substitute these x-values into Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 20

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 7 (continued): Similarly, Thus, the tangent line to of 6 at has a slope and Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 21

1. 5 Differentiation Techniques: The Power Rule and Sum-Difference Rules Example 7 (concluded): Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley 22

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