Copyright 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning ALL RIGHTS

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Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 1

Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 1

Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 2

Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 2

Environmental Safety • Identifying and correcting potential hazards • Health care workers must understand

Environmental Safety • Identifying and correcting potential hazards • Health care workers must understand follow policies and procedures • OSHA Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 3

Safety Guidelines • • • Focus on prevention Moving safely Dressing for safety Working

Safety Guidelines • • • Focus on prevention Moving safely Dressing for safety Working safely with patients Protecting yourself and others Reporting for safety Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 4

Increased Risk With Physical and Mental Changes • • Changes in vision Changes in

Increased Risk With Physical and Mental Changes • • Changes in vision Changes in hearing Altered neurological function Changes in blood vessels Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 5

Increased Risk • • Slowed reflexes Changes in mental function Weakness from illness or

Increased Risk • • Slowed reflexes Changes in mental function Weakness from illness or injury Taking medications Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 6

Workplace Violence • Health care worker risk – Ranges from offensive or threatening language

Workplace Violence • Health care worker risk – Ranges from offensive or threatening language to homicide – Actual injuries and psychological trauma – Can result in negative organizational outcomes Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 7

Prevent or Decrease Violence • Environmental designs • Administrative controls • Behavior modification Copyright

Prevent or Decrease Violence • Environmental designs • Administrative controls • Behavior modification Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 8

Fire and Electrical Hazards • Fire requires oxygen, an item that will burn, and

Fire and Electrical Hazards • Fire requires oxygen, an item that will burn, and a source of heat • Know location of fire alarms and extinguishers • Know emergency evacuation routes Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 9

Fire Triangle Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 10

Fire Triangle Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 10

Fire Procedures • RACE – Remove patients – Activate alarm – Contain the fire

Fire Procedures • RACE – Remove patients – Activate alarm – Contain the fire – Extinguish the fire or Evacuate the area Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 11

Fire Extinguisher Usage • PASS – Pull the pin – Aim the nozzle at

Fire Extinguisher Usage • PASS – Pull the pin – Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire – Squeeze the handle – Sweep back and forth along the base of the fire Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 12

Four Types of Fires • Class A – Ordinary combustibles • Class B –

Four Types of Fires • Class A – Ordinary combustibles • Class B – Flammable and combustible liquids Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 13

Types of Fires • Class C – Electrical fires • Class D – Burning

Types of Fires • Class C – Electrical fires • Class D – Burning metals Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 14

Chemical Hazards • • • Numerous chemicals used in health care Labeling and compatibility

Chemical Hazards • • • Numerous chemicals used in health care Labeling and compatibility Avoid contact Wear PPE Follow MSDS Clean up and treatment Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 15

Radiation Hazards • • X-rays and radiation therapy Monitoring radiation exposure Safety guidelines Disposal

Radiation Hazards • • X-rays and radiation therapy Monitoring radiation exposure Safety guidelines Disposal of radioactive waste Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 16

Infectious Waste • Any item or product with potential to transmit disease • Follow

Infectious Waste • Any item or product with potential to transmit disease • Follow policies and procedures • Report accidental exposures Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 17

Oxygen Precautions • • • Post sign “Oxygen in Use” Avoid all sources for

Oxygen Precautions • • • Post sign “Oxygen in Use” Avoid all sources for sparks Never use flammable liquids Secure oxygen tank No smoking Do not use wool or synthetics Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 18

Emergency Disaster Plan • OSHA requirements • Follow policies and procedures • Remain calm

Emergency Disaster Plan • OSHA requirements • Follow policies and procedures • Remain calm Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 19

Bioterrorism • • Increasing threat in the United States Not new to our times

Bioterrorism • • Increasing threat in the United States Not new to our times Biological Exposure Readiness Plan Follow the policies and procedures Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 20

Biological Threats • • • Anthrax Botulism Plague Smallpox Transmission precautions Copyright © 2007

Biological Threats • • • Anthrax Botulism Plague Smallpox Transmission precautions Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 21

Triage • Triage system – Guidelines to assess patients’ conditions – Determine where they

Triage • Triage system – Guidelines to assess patients’ conditions – Determine where they should be sent – Determine what treatment they should receive – Disasters – Daily use in emergency rooms Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 22