COORDINATION Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering New

  • Slides: 22
Download presentation
COORDINATION Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, New University of Lisbon PORTUGAL PARTICIPANTS --

COORDINATION Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, New University of Lisbon PORTUGAL PARTICIPANTS -- Department of Environmental Studies, University of the Aegean GREECE -- Institute for the Protection and the Security of Citizens. EC J. R. C. – Ispra ITALY -- The Macaulay Institute. University of Aberdeen UNITED KINGDOM -- Economic and Social Institute. Free University of Amsterdam THE NETHERLANDS -- Departament of Human Geography. University of Seville SPAIN END-USERS 1) Institute of Water – INAG PORTUGAL 2) NA. ET. KY. Regional Development Agency of Cyclades GREECE 3) General Secretary for Water. Regional Goverment of Andalucia SPAIN ADVISOR Contract EVK 1 -CT-2000 -00074 ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RTD PROGRAMME

The project aimed to produce a set of guidelines to river basin authorities and

The project aimed to produce a set of guidelines to river basin authorities and related EU agencies for the execution of integrated evaluation of projects. ØIA links scientific processes to the social and institutional context of decisionmaking. ØIA objects are characterised by uncertainties, values in dispute, high stakes, conflicts and frecuently urgent decisions. ØIA involves a broad range of scientific and lay practioners who are connected to the users of the assessment product.

ADVISOR Contract EVK 1 -CT-2000 -00074 ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RTD PROGRAMME At

ADVISOR Contract EVK 1 -CT-2000 -00074 ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RTD PROGRAMME At the first stage, the project was built on the ex-post analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of river basin project evaluation processes in the EU. The 5 case studies at this stage were:

Evaluation Practices: concluding remarks (1) Characteristics of the decision making process (1) a) Accuracy:

Evaluation Practices: concluding remarks (1) Characteristics of the decision making process (1) a) Accuracy: all studies report high scientific uncertainties and inconclusive nature of scientific evidence. b) Completeness: all case studies seem to be bound by great omissions of information. c) Sources of information: very little if any info coming from social research. d) Not enough verification and colleague consensus about sources. Reliability of information is not consensual. e) Low degree of acceptance by the non-scientific communities.

Evaluation Practices: concluding remarks (2) Characteristics of the decision making process (2) f) Assessment

Evaluation Practices: concluding remarks (2) Characteristics of the decision making process (2) f) Assessment is not really considered as an independent , even less previous, stage in the design of the projects. g) Evaluation constitutes a basically informal and iterative process, sometimes diffuse, throughout the entire project life, even throughout the post-decisional stage. h) The implicit strategy, strongly incorporated into the project design, makes it difficult if not impossible to discuss global alternatives. i) The complexity of ecological and social processes tends to be simplified by the starting diagnosis, which is basically incomplete.

Evaluation Practices: concluding remarks (3) Implications for the development of evaluation theory The assessment

Evaluation Practices: concluding remarks (3) Implications for the development of evaluation theory The assessment processes, both formal and informal, are dominated by the existing hegemony (dominant stakeholder nets and perspectives), resulting in a narrow and incomplete problem diagnosis and in proposals which ignore high levels of scientific uncertainty. The complexity and inherently political nature of the decision making process, demands that the full range of values and beliefs is considered in a context where social and technical incommensurability is recognised. This requires the development of assessment tools and methodologies that go beyond conventional scientific assessment, capturing different perspectives and accommodating uncertainty in both natural and social systems.

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION Water management alternatives for improving urban supply: Costa del Sol Occidental

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION Water management alternatives for improving urban supply: Costa del Sol Occidental (Málaga, Spain)

Case study: Costa del Sol

Case study: Costa del Sol

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS ·Examination

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS ·Examination of normative context ·Analysis of national and local media ·Study of economic and political processes ·Participant observation ·Identification of actors WORKING WITH ACTORS (I): INTERVIEWS AND QUESTIONNAIRES ·Problem definition ·Identification of alternatives ·Identification of criteria ·Suggestion of actors to add INTERPRETATION MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS ·Impact matrix (alternatives/criteria): technical information and opinion polls ·Equity matrix (alternatives/actors) ·Dendrogram of coalitions OF RESULTS WORKING WITH ACTORS (II): FOCUS GROUP ·Presentation and discussion of results ·Diagnosis corroboration ·Revision of alternatives and criteria

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS ·Examination

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS ·Examination of normative context ·Analysis of national and local media + presence in local press ·Study of economic and political processes ·Participant observation: · Foro de Málaga · Agenda 21 for Málaga province ·Identification of actors ADVISOR in La Opinión de Málaga 6 July, 2003

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS ·Examination

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS ·Examination of normative context ·Analysis of national and local media ·Study of economic and political processes ·Participant observation: · Foro de Málaga · Agenda 21 for Málaga province ·Identification of actors WORKING WITH ACTORS (I): INTERVIEWS AND QUESTIONNAIRES ·Problem definition ·Identification of alternatives ·Identification of criteria ·Suggestion of actors to add MAIN PROBLEMS Ineffective river basin administration. Lack of forward planning and land-use management. Lack of coordination among the authorities responsible for water management and planning. Weak information and participation mechanisms. Definition of the problem From shortage of water to resource mismanagement

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS ·Examination

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS ·Examination of normative context ·Analysis of national and local media ·Study of economic and political processes ·Participant observation: · Foro de Málaga · Agenda 21 for Málaga province ·Identification of actors Alternatives: Heightening of the La Concepción dam Use of desalinated water Reuse of waste water Modernisation of irrigation systems Rationalised use of groundwater Improved efficiency and water savings in the urban water supply Territorial policies to control urban development Non-intervention: maintenance of status quo Criteria: Implementation costs Operating costs Effect on employment Effect on economic activity Impact on the ecological status of water systems Impact on other ecosystems Visual impact on the landscape Degree of institutional difficulty Degree of social acceptance Equitable distribution of costs and benefits Time required to fulfil the established objective WORKING WITH ACTORS (I): INTERVIEWS AND QUESTIONNAIRES ·Problem definition ·Identification of alternatives ·Identification of criteria ·Suggestion of actors to add Identification of Alternatives Actions aimed at increasing available resources / Measures to improve demand management Criteria Economic Environmental Social Institutional

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS ·Examination

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS ·Examination of normative context ·Analysis of national and local media ·Study of economic and political processes ·Participant observation: · Foro de Málaga · Agenda 21 for Málaga province ·Identification of actors Alternatives: Heightening of the La Concepción dam Use of desalinated water Reuse of waste water Modernisation of irrigation systems Rationalised use of groundwater Improved efficiency and water savings in the urban water supply Territorial policies to control urban development Non-intervention: maintenance of status quo Criteria: Implementation costs Operating costs Effect on employment Effect on economic activity Impact on the ecological status of water systems Impact on other ecosystems Visual impact on the landscape Degree of institutional difficulty Degree of social acceptance Equitable distribution of costs and benefits Time required to fulfil the established objective WORKING WITH ACTORS (I): INTERVIEWS AND QUESTIONNAIRES ·Problem definition ·Identification of alternatives ·Identification of criteria ·Suggestion of actors to add Opinion Polls Instituto de Estudios Sociales de Andalucía Ecobarómetro de Andalucía 425 polls in: City of Malaga Costa del Sol Rest of the province

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA ANALYSIS To explore alternatives with appropriate monetary and non-monetary criteria » Multi-criteria

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA ANALYSIS To explore alternatives with appropriate monetary and non-monetary criteria » Multi-criteria evaluation as an interface between scientific and technical issues and the social context to address specific societal issues. » NAIADE (Novel Approach to Imprecise Assessment and Decision Environments) has been chosen. » NAIADE deals with information affected by different degrees of uncertainty » Criteria values can be expressed in the form of: crisp, stochastic, fuzzy numbers and linguistic expressions » It generates a ranking of alternatives

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS Institutional

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS Institutional Analysis + Working with actors (I) = Impact Matrix Equity Matrix ·Impact matrix (alternatives/criteria): technical information and opinion polls ·Equity matrix (alternatives/actors) ·Dendrogram of coalitions In both cases support to increasing efficiency and reutilization of residual water. In both cases lack of support to no intervention and hydraulic works. Split between the administrations responsible for water management (Regional Water Department/ Confederación Hidrográfica del Sur / Costa del Sol public water supply and sewerage company).

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY Institutional Analysis +

SOCIAL MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION APPLIED IN THE COSTA DEL SOL CASE STUDY Institutional Analysis + Working with actors (I) + Multicriteria Analysis = WORKING WITH ACTORS (II): FOCUS GROUP ·Presentation and discussion of results ·Diagnosis corroboration ·Revision of alternatives and criteria Main results: 1. Stakeholders suggested the inclusion of new alternatives. 2. Following an open debate, one of these alternatives (reforestation) figured among those receiving most support from the participants. Focus Group December 2003

The main results of the exercise can be synthesised as follows: Ø Improved the

The main results of the exercise can be synthesised as follows: Ø Improved the quality and effectiveness of the information interchange and the reflection process Ø it contributed to clarifying the nature of conflicts and creating the conditions necessary to construct a dialogue process Ø it opened the social debate on water resource allocation and mapped all the implications and interests involved Ø it stimulated the formulation of innovative diagnosis and alternatives

FINAL CONCLUSIONS Deliberative decision processes will be successful only if it really matters. Outcomes

FINAL CONCLUSIONS Deliberative decision processes will be successful only if it really matters. Outcomes of deliberative processes should be clearly embedded in real decision-making. More than one tools and types of representation/participation should be used together to overcome the limitations of any given representation form. Deliberative decision-making is not proposed as an alternative but as a complement to legitimate representative democracy structures. Evaluation is closely dependent on the social and institutional surroundings and on the balance of power among actors, habitually affected by an increasing polarization. Still, reciprocally deliberative processes can build up an Impetus for changes in the broader social context.