Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe

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Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia ECMT/UNECE Seminar INTERMODAL TRANSPORT

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia ECMT/UNECE Seminar INTERMODAL TRANSPORT BETWEEN EUROPE AND ASIA: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES HOSTED BY MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT OF UKRAINE KIEV, 27 and 28 September 2004 Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia ROMANIA MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT,

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia ROMANIA MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT, CONSTRUCTIONS AND TOURISM CONTRIBUTION OF ROMANIA TO INTERMODAL TRANSPORT BETWEEN EUROPE AND ASIA Marin STANCU Superior Counsellor General Direction for Railway Transport KIEV, 27 and 28 September 2004 Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia ROMANIA Candidate Country §

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia ROMANIA Candidate Country § 238 391 km² § 22. 5 millions people § Bucharest – 2. 5 mil. Ø Position: • South-East of Europe • neighbor with Black Sea Ø Transport: • West-East: Europe-Asia • North-South of Europe EUROPE ASIA Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Construction and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Actual status: ROMANIA closed

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Actual status: ROMANIA closed in 2003 the provisional negotiations with EUROPEAN UNION for Chapter 9 – Policy in the field of transports. Next step: The foresight for accession of ROMANIA to EUROPEAN UNION is January 1 st 2007. Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 1. TRANSPORT CORRIDORS THROUGH

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 1. TRANSPORT CORRIDORS THROUGH ROMANIA 2. LEGAL FRAMEWORK ON INTERMODAL TRANSPORT IN ROMANIA 3. VOLUME OF INTERMODAL TRANSPORT IN ROMANIA 4. INTERMODAL TRANSPORT TERMINALS IN ROMANIA 5. INTERMODAL TRANSPORT SYSTEMS IN ROMANIA 6. IT DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES 7. CONCLUSIONS Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 1. TRANSPORT CORRIDORS THROUGH

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 1. TRANSPORT CORRIDORS THROUGH ROMANIA Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Marin STANCU Ministry of

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Pan-European Transport Corridors in

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Pan-European Transport Corridors in Romania Corridor IV: Central Europe – South East Europe Berlin/Nurnberg–Praha–Budapest–Arad-Bucharest–Constanta Arad–Timisoara–Craiova–Calafat–Vidin–Istanbul/Thessaloniki Corridor VII: Danube (waterway corridor) Corridor IX: North East Europe – South East Europe Helsinki-S. Petersburg-Kiev/Moskva-Odessa-Chisinau-Iasi -Bucharest-Giurgiu-Dimitrovgrad-Alexandroupolis Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia PAN-EUROPEAN TRANSPORT CORRIDORS IN

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia PAN-EUROPEAN TRANSPORT CORRIDORS IN ROMANIA Corridor IV UKRAINE Corridor VII HUNGARY IASI (Danube) MOLDOVA REP. Corridor IX ARAD Helsinki ‘ 97 TIMISOARA UKRAINE PLOIESTI BUCHAREST SERBIA CRAIOVA CALAFAT CONSTANTA BLACK SEA GIURGIU BULGARIA Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Corridor IV Main Characteristics

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Corridor IV Main Characteristics of the Romanian Railway Sector Length Doubled line Electrified line Number of stations Capacity Max speed Marin STANCU 880 km 98 % 99 % 108 Max: 210 Trains/day Min: 60 Trains/day Pass: 140 km/h 160 km/h (Bucharest-Campina) Freight: 95 km/h 120 km/h (Bucharest-Campina) Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia § Corridor VII Main

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia § Corridor VII Main Characteristics of the Romanian Sector of Danube Length River and sea ports 1075 km 32 Capacity 51. 5 mil. tons/year Canal Danube – Black Sea Poarta Alba – Midia Bega Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia § Corridor IX Main

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia § Corridor IX Main Characteristics of the Romanian Railway Sector Length Doubled line Electrified line Number of stations Max speed Pass: 655 km 79 % 119 140 km/h 160 km/h (Bucharest-Ploiesti) Freight: 95 km/h 120 km/h (Bucharest-Ploiesti) Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 2. LEGAL FRAMEWORK ON

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 2. LEGAL FRAMEWORK ON INTERMODAL TRANSPORT IN ROMANIA Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Romanian Regulations in connection

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Romanian Regulations in connection with UNECE Agreements Ø Law 8/1993 regarding the ratification of EUROPEAN AGREEMENT ON IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL COMBINED TRANSPORT LINES AND RELATED INSTALLATIONS (AGTC) Ø Romania is one of the seven Contracting Parties of PROTOCOL ON COMBINED TRANSPORT ON INLAND WATWERWAYS (1997) TO THE AGTC Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Romanian Legislation harmonized with

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Romanian Legislation harmonized with European Union Regulations (1) Intermodal Transport Railway-Road • Government Ordinance 88/1999 regarding the establishing some rules for combined transport, approved by Law 401/2002 • Regulation for Romanian Railway Transport, approved by Government Ordinance 41/1997 • Government Urgency Ordinance 12/1998 regarding transport on Romanian Railway • Government Urgency Ordinance 125/2003, approved by Law 128/2004, amending GUO 12/1998 - non-discriminatory access in terminals and ports linked to rail activities - provisions for intermodal logistic centres Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Romanian Legislation harmonized with

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Romanian Legislation harmonized with European Union Regulations (2) Intermodal Transport Railway-Road-Maritime • Government Ordinance 42/1997 regarding civil navigation • Government Ordinance 116/1998 concerning the setting up of special regime for international maritime transport activity, approved by Law 231/2004 • Government Ordinance 22/1999 regarding management of ports and services offered in the ports • Government Decision 71/1997 regarding the authorization of commercial societies that perform international maritime transport Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 3. VOLUME OF INTERMODAL

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 3. VOLUME OF INTERMODAL TRANSPORT IN ROMANIA Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Freight Transport in Romania

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Freight Transport in Romania Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Intermodal Transport at CFR

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Intermodal Transport at CFR MARFA - 2003 - 2. 6% Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Intermodal Transport at CFR

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Intermodal Transport at CFR MARFA First semester of 2004/2003 Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 4. INTERMODAL TRANSPORT TERMINALS

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 4. INTERMODAL TRANSPORT TERMINALS IN ROMANIA Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Existing terminals Number of

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Existing terminals Number of terminals CFR MARFA 24 CONSTANTA PORT 4 INTERCONTAINERINTERFRIGO (ICF) 1 FRATTI & DAEWOO 2 TOTAL Marin STANCU 31 Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia New terminals in short

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia New terminals in short time Number of terminals VAN d. VLIST 1 ROMTRANS 2 CFR MARFA (RO-LA) 2 TOTAL 5 Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Constanta Port – The

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Constanta Port – The turntable of European and Euro - Asian Transport • The biggest commercial port of the Black Sea • Total surface: > 3. 000 ha • Loading and unloading capacities: > 200 mil. Tons/year • Connection with Rotterdam through: Black Sea-Danube Canal, Danube, Main-Rhine • God opportunities for intermodal transport (4 intermodal terminals) Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 5. INTERMODAL TRANSPORT SYSTEMS

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 5. INTERMODAL TRANSPORT SYSTEMS IN ROMANIA Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Existing systems • Unaccompanied

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Existing systems • Unaccompanied intermodal railway–road transport, that grants the “door to door“ transport using the two transport modalities, without affecting the freight when changing the type of transport • Accompanied intermodal transport (RO-LA), that offers the transport of road tractors accompanied by the drivers, technology that grants the elimination of congestion of traffic and less pollution of the environment • Accompanied and unaccompanied railway and/or road- maritime intermodal transport, by using the ferry-boat vessels from the patrimony of the national freight operator CFR MARFA Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Transport RO - LA

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Transport RO - LA at CFR MARFA Special wagons (Saadkkms) 10 axels with low platform Number of wagons: 160 Operating trains: 12 weekly on both directions Traveling time: 20 hours Connection: Marin STANCU Arad-Glogovăţ (Romania) – Wels (Austria) Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Using ferryboats of CFR

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Using ferryboats of CFR MARFA (1) Connection of Romania with: Middle East Caucasian Area Central Asia Transports in ferry-boat offers a wide range of advantages for freight transportation in wagons or trucks: reduced distance, reduced traveling time, reduced numbers of borders, good accommodations for truck drivers Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Using ferryboats of CFR

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Using ferryboats of CFR MARFA (2) Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 6. INTERMODAL TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 6. INTERMODAL TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Increase Transport between Europe

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Increase Transport between Europe and Asia next 30 years Transport of oil and other natural resources from Asia to Europe Transport of manufactured products in both directions Development of Eastern Europe (Enlargement of European Union) As a result: Increase of Intermodal Transport Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Increase Intermodal Transport in

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia Increase Intermodal Transport in Romania Transport of goods from Asia to Europe Transport of manufactured products in both directions Development of logistic centers in Romania: The most appropriate locations: Constanta, Bucharest, Timisoara, Oradea, Brasov, Bacau and Craiova As a result: Increase of Intermodal Transport Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 7. CONCLUSIONS Marin STANCU

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia 7. CONCLUSIONS Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia CONCLUSIONS • An important

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia CONCLUSIONS • An important path of transport between Europe and Asia passed through ROMANIA. • It is necessary to develop international legislation for increase intermodal transport, inclusively between EUROPE and ASIA. ROMANIA can participate at this process. • Number of intermodal transport terminals from ROMANIA have increase. • It is a big potential for intermodal transport in ROMANIA. • ROMANIA intends to develop next years, logistic center for intermodal transport that will be used for increase the intermodal transport between EUROPE and ASIA. Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia THE END Marin STANCU

Contribution of Romania to Intermodal Transport between Europe and Asia THE END Marin STANCU Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism