- Slides: 16
Constitutional Convention www. mrnelsonsclass. com
What events and economic conditions occurred after the Revolutionary War? Economic depression n No states south of Pennsylvania abolished slavery n Shay’s Rebellion n Weak Articles of Confederation n
Think/Pair/Share n What was Shay’s Rebellion?
Shay’s Rebellion n n Started in 1786 Hard taxes to pay off the States war debt made Massachusetts farmers rebel. Led by Daniel Shay Created panic This made many people feel that a strong government was needed to control such violent acts.
Think/Pair/Share n Could our new federal government stop rebellions under the Articles of Confederation? Why or Why not?
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. The national government could not force the states to obey its laws. It did not have the power to tax. It did not have the power to enforce laws. Congress lacked strong and steady leadership There was no national army or navy There was no system of national courts Each state could issue its own paper money Each state could put tariffs on trade between states.
The Constitutional Convention Where? n n 53 delegates met in absolute secrecy in Philadelphia in Independence hall 30 delegates attended every day When? n Summer of 1787 The Purpose? n n The goal was to revise the Articles of Confederation It was quickly decided to replace it
Virginia Plan vs. New Jersey Plan Small States Large States
Virginia Plan vs. New Jersey Plan Virginia Plan n Supported by big states n Bicameral (2 houses) n 1 -elected by people, 2 -elected by first house n # of congress determined by population New Jersey n Supported by small states n Unicameral (1 house) n Based on equality n Each state same # of Representatives The Great Compromise § Bicameral (2 house) § House of Representatives determined by population § Senate (each state has 2)
3/5 Compromise n n n South wanted slaves to count in population Decided to count 3/5 total number of slaves as population 5 blacks=3 whites for the state population (but slaves still couldn’t vote)
Think/Pair/Share n With a neighbor compare and contrast the Virginia Plan vs. the New Jersey Plan.
Think/Pair/Share n Out of the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan what was created that combined a bit of both? Discuss what it entailed.
Think/Pair/Share n What was the 3/5 Compromise?
Two sides make the Great Compromise