Congress 6 B Expressed Powers Quick Review 1

  • Slides: 24
Download presentation
Congress #6 B Expressed Powers

Congress #6 B Expressed Powers

Quick Review 1. 2. Malapportionment Gerrymander A. B. 1 Congressional district has 500, 000

Quick Review 1. 2. Malapportionment Gerrymander A. B. 1 Congressional district has 500, 000 people, a nearby Congressional district has 750, 000 people 1 Congressional district is primarily Republicans, a nearby congressional district has primarily Democrats

Definitions l Expressed / Enumerated Powers: written in Constitution

Definitions l Expressed / Enumerated Powers: written in Constitution

Expressed Powers l Tax & Spend l Payroll taxes – Social Security l Income

Expressed Powers l Tax & Spend l Payroll taxes – Social Security l Income taxes

Borrow l Deficit Spending: spend more than earned in revenue (money coming in /

Borrow l Deficit Spending: spend more than earned in revenue (money coming in / taxes) in a given period l In one month earned $1000, but spent $1200 – what is your deficit? l Debt: Total amount owed l If you continue to overspend by $200 per month for a year, what is your debt?

Commerce Intrastate Commerce: inside 1 state l Power of State l Interstate: between two

Commerce Intrastate Commerce: inside 1 state l Power of State l Interstate: between two + states l Power of Congress l

More Powers Currency – legal tender l Foreign Relations & War Powers: l Raise

More Powers Currency – legal tender l Foreign Relations & War Powers: l Raise a military l Declare war! l

More Powers l Naturalization – citizenship and immigration l Bankruptcy: judges decide if one

More Powers l Naturalization – citizenship and immigration l Bankruptcy: judges decide if one cannot repay debt

And some more… l Postal Power: Post Office l Copyrights & Patents l Copyright:

And some more… l Postal Power: Post Office l Copyrights & Patents l Copyright: work of art l Patent: invention l Weights & Measures: standardized

And the rest… l Judicial Power: Congress determines the size & structure of the

And the rest… l Judicial Power: Congress determines the size & structure of the federal courts And so, what can Congress not do?

Congress #7 Implied Powers

Congress #7 Implied Powers

Matching 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Commerce Expressed Power Senate House of Reps. Bicameral

Matching 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Commerce Expressed Power Senate House of Reps. Bicameral A. B. C. D. E. 2 houses 435 members who serve 2 year terms Things that are written in the Constitution Business 100 members who serve 6 year

Mc. Cullough v. Maryland (1819) l Congress created a national bank l Not an

Mc. Cullough v. Maryland (1819) l Congress created a national bank l Not an expressed power l Many thought it was unconstitutional

SC’s Decision Supreme Court = bank is legal l Const. says: Congress can do

SC’s Decision Supreme Court = bank is legal l Const. says: Congress can do things that are “necessary & proper” to carry out their laws l aka the elastic clause of the Const. l

Mc. Cullough’s Impact l Implied powers: Congress can do things related to their expressed

Mc. Cullough’s Impact l Implied powers: Congress can do things related to their expressed powers

Implied Powers Chart Expressed Power Implied Power l Naturalization l Citizenship test l Passport

Implied Powers Chart Expressed Power Implied Power l Naturalization l Citizenship test l Passport l Border fence

CHART continues l Raise a military l Draft l Patents & Copyrights l Pirating

CHART continues l Raise a military l Draft l Patents & Copyrights l Pirating laws l FBI warning at the beginning of movies

The Stretch-iest of all! l Interstate Commerce Drugs l Minimum wage laws l Regulate

The Stretch-iest of all! l Interstate Commerce Drugs l Minimum wage laws l Regulate the environment l

How do commerce & environment relate? l If one state has a lot of

How do commerce & environment relate? l If one state has a lot of pollution, it will affect the commerce of that state. Fewer people will want to go there. Thus, less buying and selling of goods in that state.

Cong #9: Non-Legislative Power Quick Review: Matching 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Expressed

Cong #9: Non-Legislative Power Quick Review: Matching 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Expressed Power Implied Power Deficit Debt Bankruptcy Necessary & Proper Clause A. B. C. D. E. F. Power to tax Draft Elastic Clause Total amount owed Can’t repay debt Overspend in a given period

Non-Legislative Powers l Impeachment: officially charged w/ “treason, bribery, or other high crimes or

Non-Legislative Powers l Impeachment: officially charged w/ “treason, bribery, or other high crimes or misdemeanors” l HR impeaches l S holds trial & can remove them from office l President, VP, federal judges

Impeached!

Impeached!

More POWER! Investigate l Steroids & Baseball l Bank bailout l Oversight l Make

More POWER! Investigate l Steroids & Baseball l Bank bailout l Oversight l Make sure govt agencies spend money appropriately l

Senate’s Powers Confirm Appointments l President nominates federal judges, ambassadors, and others l S

Senate’s Powers Confirm Appointments l President nominates federal judges, ambassadors, and others l S confirms l Ratify Treaty l Pres negotiates treaty l S ratifies l