Confronting the Housing Choice Voucher Stigma Delaware Fair

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Confronting the Housing Choice Voucher Stigma Delaware Fair Housing Summit April 29, 2019 Alison

Confronting the Housing Choice Voucher Stigma Delaware Fair Housing Summit April 29, 2019 Alison Bell April 29, 2019

Agenda • Housing Choice Voucher landscape in Delaware • Dispelling landlord myths • Fair

Agenda • Housing Choice Voucher landscape in Delaware • Dispelling landlord myths • Fair housing enforcement methods • Baltimore’s recent efforts to protect voucher holders in source of income law 1

Rental Assistance Falls Far Short of Need 34% 66% Households receiving rental assistance Unassisted

Rental Assistance Falls Far Short of Need 34% 66% Households receiving rental assistance Unassisted households paying more than half their income for housing 2

Federal Rental Assistance in Delaware 5, 000 4, 500 4, 000 3, 500 3,

Federal Rental Assistance in Delaware 5, 000 4, 500 4, 000 3, 500 3, 000 2, 500 2, 000 1, 500 1, 000 500 0 Housing Choice Vouchers 3 Project Based Rental Assistance Public Housing Section 202/811 USDA

Who Does Rental Assistance Help in Delaware? Childless adults 9% Adults with children 31%

Who Does Rental Assistance Help in Delaware? Childless adults 9% Adults with children 31% Disabled adults 18% Disabled adults with children 5% Seniors 36% 4 Seniors with children 1%

Housing Agencies in Delaware • • • 5 Delaware State Housing Agency (1, 090

Housing Agencies in Delaware • • • 5 Delaware State Housing Agency (1, 090 vouchers) Dover Housing Authority (170 vouchers) New Castle County Housing Authority (1, 715 vouchers) Newark Housing Authority (90 vouchers) Wilmington Housing Authority (1, 775 vouchers)

Housing Choice: Two Concepts • Especially after a long wait on a waiting list,

Housing Choice: Two Concepts • Especially after a long wait on a waiting list, families should be able to successfully lease a unit. • Families should be able to use their voucher in a community of their choice, including low-poverty neighborhoods with high performing schools. 6

Without Source of Income Protections, How Do We Accomplish these Goals? • Especially after

Without Source of Income Protections, How Do We Accomplish these Goals? • Especially after a long wait on a waiting list, families should be able to successfully lease a unit. • Families should be able to use their voucher in a community of their choice, including low-poverty neighborhoods with high performing schools. 7

Dispelling Landlord Myths • Most families who receive federal rental assistance are working, recently

Dispelling Landlord Myths • Most families who receive federal rental assistance are working, recently worked, are disabled or are seniors. • Landlords can use their regular screening criteria regarding tenant history. • Landlords can charge security deposits. • Rent payments are reliable. • Landlords can charge their regular rents. • Voucher holders have incentives to maintain their unit and pay rent on time. 8

Voucher Program Administration • • • 9 Responsive landlord customer service Landlord outreach and

Voucher Program Administration • • • 9 Responsive landlord customer service Landlord outreach and recruitment Unit listings in high opportunity areas Quick inspection turnaround High enough payment standards Long enough voucher search time

Appendix 10

Appendix 10

Resources on Voucher Non-discrimination Prohibiting Discrimination Against Renters Using Housing Vouchers Improves Results, CBPP,

Resources on Voucher Non-discrimination Prohibiting Discrimination Against Renters Using Housing Vouchers Improves Results, CBPP, 2018 https: //www. cbpp. org/research/housing/low-income-housing-taxcredit-could-do-more-to-expand-opportunity-for-poor-families. Poverty & Race Research Action Council Appendix B, 2018 https: //www. prrac. org/pdf/Appendix. B. pdf A Pilot Study of Landlord Acceptance of Housing Choice Vouchers, HUD and Urban Institute, 2018, https: //www. huduser. gov/portal/pilot-study -landlord-acceptance-hcv. html Landlord Participation in the HCV Program Webcast, 2018, https: //www. huduser. gov/portal/event/Landlord-Participation-HCVProgram. html 11

New CBPP Resources • “Funding Bill and Carryover Funding Should Enable Agencies to Issue

New CBPP Resources • “Funding Bill and Carryover Funding Should Enable Agencies to Issue More Housing Vouchers in 2019, ” report analyzing 2019 funding provisions • “Agencies Generally Use All Available Voucher Funding to Help Families Afford Housing, ” report explaining intersecting issues of voucher utilization • “Housing Voucher Success and Utilization Indicators, and Understanding Utilization Data, ” brief explainer on voucher utilization data, how to use them • “Dialogue with Amy Ginger, HUD Director of Housing Voucher Programs, on Improving Housing Voucher Utilization, ” interview transcript • Three housing voucher utilization data tables, by PHA 12

Alison Bell abell@cbpp. org www. cbpp. org 202. 325. 8348

Alison Bell [email protected] org www. cbpp. org 202. 325. 8348