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What is Conceptual Learning? o o o Conceptual learning is a process by which students learn how to organize information in logical mental structures. Conceptual learning focuses on learning organizing principles – the cubby holes in which the mind organizes facts into ideas. Conceptual learning is a catalyst for challenging students to think at more advanced levels.
Inductive verses Deductive Learning o Inductive Learning is the process of learning and reasoning from detailed facts to general principles. Facts Principles o Deductive Learning is the process of learning and reasoning from general principles (concepts) to detailed facts. Principles Facts
Pedagogical Approaches o o o A focus on concepts in itself does not guarantee conceptual learning. Faculty must adopt active learning strategies to enhance conceptual learning. Concepts must be woven through all courses and incorporated into clinical learning as well as didactic courses.
Benefits of Conceptual Approach o o Focus on problems across disease categories and populations Fosters systematic observations about events or conditions that influence problem Fosters understanding of relationships among events or conditions that impact situation Focus on nursing actions and interdisciplinary efforts
Concept Components o o o o Definition of Concept Prevalence & Populations at Risk Personal Risk Factors Mechanisms/Consequences Clinical Manifestations Clinical Management Interrelated Concepts Concept Exemplars
Exemplars to Concept CONCEPT Definition of Concept Prevalence & Populations at Risk Personal Risk Factors Mechanisms Clinical Manifestations Clinical Management Interrelated Concepts Concept Exemplars EXEMPLAR Exemplar Definition Prevalence & Populations at Risk Personal Risk Factors Mechanisms Clinical Manifestations Clinical Management Interrelated Concepts
Tanner’s Model of Clinical Reasoning o o Helpful as a guide to conceptual teaching 4 Steps: n n Noticing Interpreting Responding Reflecting
• Understand meaning of concept • Recognize who is at risk for problems (Notice) • Recognize problems when they occur (Interpret) • Know what to do (Respond) • Understanding of impact on other variables (Reflect) XXXXXXX XXXXXXX XXXX Concept