COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16 2016 Are

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COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Are Developmental Education Reforms Generating Equitable Outcomes

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Are Developmental Education Reforms Generating Equitable Outcomes for All Students? CADE 2016 Nikki Edgecombe Senior Research Associate Jessica Brathwaite Postdoctoral Research Associate 1

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Community College Research Center A leading independent

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Community College Research Center A leading independent authority on two-year colleges based at Teachers College, Columbia University. Founded in 1996, CCRC conducts research on the issues affecting community colleges and works with colleges and states to improve student success and institutional performance. Areas of research include: • The role of the community college • High school to college transitions • Developmental education & adult basic skills • Student services and financial aid • Online learning and instructional technology • Student persistence, completion, & transfer • College to career and workforce education • Improving institutional performance 2

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Increased attention to outcomes generates more focus

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Increased attention to outcomes generates more focus on equity 3

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Between 2012 and 2023, postsecondary enrollment is

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Between 2012 and 2023, postsecondary enrollment is projected to increase 15 percent – 7 percent for Whites, 25 percent for Blacks, and 34 percent for Hispanics. Source: Projections of Education Statistics to 2023 4

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Differences in degree attainment by race/ ethnicity

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Differences in degree attainment by race/ ethnicity raise troubling questions 25 - to 29 -year-olds who have completed at least a bachelor’s degree, by race/ethnicity and sex: 2013 80% 70% 64% 60% 56% 50% 44% 37% 40% 37% Male 30% 29% 30% Female 23% 19% 17% 20% 13% 10% 0% Total White Source: The Condition of Education 2015, NCES Black Hispanic Asian Two or more races 5

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Bachelor’s degree completion rates unchanged for Black

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Bachelor’s degree completion rates unchanged for Black males over time 80% 70% 60% 50% 2003 37% 40% 31% 2013 30% 20% 13% 17% 8% 10% 0% White Source: The Condition of Education 2015, NCES Hispanic Black 6

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 3 -year community college graduation rates (2010)

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 3 -year community college graduation rates (2010) 50% 40% 39% 38% 35% 31% 32% 31% 30% 29% 26% 27% 26% Male 20% Female 10% 0% Total White Black Source: Digest of Education Statistics, NCES Hispanic Asian Two or more races 7

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Recap of findings presented at 2015 CADE

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Recap of findings presented at 2015 CADE 8

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 More Students Have Access to College English

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 More Students Have Access to College English 100% Developmenta l English, 19% 90% 80% Developmenta l English, 47% 70% Co-Requisite College English, 23% 60% 50% Co-Requisite College English, 10% 40% College English, 58% 30% 20% College English, 43% 10% 0% Pre-Reform, Fall 2010 Post-Reform, Fall 2013 9

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 More Students Enroll in College English 80%

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 More Students Enroll in College English 80% Scaling co-requisite course statewide more than quadrupled enrollment in corequisite. 70% 18% 60% 50% 4% 30% 20% 52% 36% 10% 0% Pre-Reform, Fall 2010 College English Post-Reform, Fall 2013 Co-Requisite College English 10

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 College English pass rates unchanged, but decline

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 College English pass rates unchanged, but decline for co-requisite college English Among the students who placed into college English and who enrolled in a college English course within one year, average pass rates (defined as earning a C or better) remained virtually unchanged after the reform; but declined for the corequisite English course. 100% 90% 80% 75% 79% 70% 64% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% College English Pre-Reform, Fall 2010 Co-Requisite College English Post-Reform, Fall 2013 11

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 College English completion rate increases 50% Half

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 College English completion rate increases 50% Half of the first-time cohort successfully completed college English after directly placing into college English or into the corequisite course after the reform, compared to less than one-third (30%) prior to the reform. 45% 11% 40% 35% 30% 3% 25% 20% 15% 39% 27% 10% 5% 0% Pre-Reform, Fall 2010 College English Post-Reform, Fall 2013 Co-Requisite College English 12

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 How do pre-reform and post-reform outcomes differ

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 How do pre-reform and post-reform outcomes differ by various combinations of race/ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, and level of placement? 13

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Post-reform lowest placed students 2 x less

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Post-reform lowest placed students 2 x less likely to pass College English, by race and gender 60% 50% 40% Lowest 30% Middle Highest 20% 10% 0% Black Males Black Females White Males White Females 14

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Post-reform lowest placed students 2 x less

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Post-reform lowest placed students 2 x less likely to pass College English, by SES and gender 60% 50% 40% Lowest 30% Middle Highest 20% 10% 0% Male Pell Recipients Female Pell Recipients Male Non-Pell Female Non-Pell Recipients 15

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 College English completion gaps between blacks and

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 College English completion gaps between blacks and whites modestly reduced … 14% 20% 60% 56% College English completion rate 53% 49% 50% 37% 44% 41% 40% 30% 20% 15 % pts (post) 10% Pre-Reform (2010) Post-Reform (2013) 19 % pts (pre) 0% Total White Black 16

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 … likely due to higher college English

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 … likely due to higher college English placement and enrollment rates College English Enrollment Rates College English Eligible Placement Rates 90% 80% 70% 60% 74% 73% 13% 66% 61% 50% 40% 18% Other 8% Black 8% White 47% 50% 40% 30% Pre. Reform (2010) Post. Reform (2013) 50% 20% 36% 10% 0% 0% Pre-Reform (2010) Post-Reform (2013) Total White Black 17

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 On average all groups accrue about 1.

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 On average all groups accrue about 1. 4 more post reform. The percent increase is greatest for lowest placed black students. 18

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Are these trends consistent across disciplines? 19

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Are these trends consistent across disciplines? 19

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Math achievement gaps by race expand postreform

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Math achievement gaps by race expand postreform College math completion rate 50% 35% 41% 31% 40% 30% 28% 40% 23% 20% 22% 20% Pre-Reform (2010) Post-Reform (2013) 14% 10% 17 % pts (post) 13 % pts (pre) 0% Total White Black Latino 20

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Math achievement gaps by income expand post-reform

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Math achievement gaps by income expand post-reform 32% College math completion rate 50% 27% 41% 18% 40% 33% 30% 31% 26% Pre-Reform (2010) 22% 20% Post-Reform (2013) 15 % pts (post) 10% 9 % pts (pre) 0% Total Pell Recipient Non Pell Recipient 21

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Discussion • What issues does this analysis

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 Discussion • What issues does this analysis raise for you? • What other student characteristics and outcomes would you like to see included? • What strategies have you employed to improve outcomes for subgroups with lower achievement? 22

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 For more information Please visit us on

COMMUNITY COLLEGE RESEARCH CENTER June 16, 2016 For more information Please visit us on the web at http: //ccrc. tc. columbia. edu where you can download presentations, reports, and briefs, and sign-up for news announcements. We’re also on Facebook and Twitter. Community College Research Center Teachers College, Columbia University 525 West 120 th Street, Box 174, New York, NY 10027 E-mail: [email protected] edu Telephone: 212. 678. 3091 23