COMMON BEEF BREEDS Original Power Point Created by

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COMMON BEEF BREEDS Original Power Point Created by Gretchen Rozeboom Modified by Georgia Agricultural

COMMON BEEF BREEDS Original Power Point Created by Gretchen Rozeboom Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office June 2002 August 2008

WHAT IS A BREED? • A breed consists of animals which have been selected

WHAT IS A BREED? • A breed consists of animals which have been selected for certain characteristics and which breed true for those characteristics August 2008

Depending on the reference… • There are somewhere between 300 and 1, 000 breeds

Depending on the reference… • There are somewhere between 300 and 1, 000 breeds and strains of cattle worldwide! • Most are found in very isolated regions. • Did you know that cattle are NOT indigenous to North America? August 2008

PRIOR TO 1965… • There were very few different breeds of cattle in the

PRIOR TO 1965… • There were very few different breeds of cattle in the United States. • Dominant breeds included: Texas Longhorns (from Spanish Longhorns) Angus Hereford Shorthorn • Composite breeds were also being developed. August 2008

WHAT’S A COMPOSITE? • A composite breed is developed from two or more previously

WHAT’S A COMPOSITE? • A composite breed is developed from two or more previously established breeds. • Examples would include: Santa Gertrudis (Longhorn X Shorthorn) Brangus (Brahman X Angus) Braford (Brahman X Hereford) August 2008

BEFORE THE 1960’s… • Approximately 20 different breeds were available in the United States.

BEFORE THE 1960’s… • Approximately 20 different breeds were available in the United States. • Today, there are over 70 breeds found in the United States. • The development of the feedlot industry created the catalyst for the increase in the number of breeds. August 2008

CURRENTLY… • The number of breeds in the United States will vary. • Importations

CURRENTLY… • The number of breeds in the United States will vary. • Importations from other countries will affect the numbers. • Only about 12 -15 breeds of the approximately 70 actually have a major influence on the cattle industry! August 2008

CROSSBREDS • A large portion of the U. S. cattle industry relies on crossbreeding

CROSSBREDS • A large portion of the U. S. cattle industry relies on crossbreeding to improve and/or enhance the genetics of purebreds. • However, a large problem then exists with management and consistency in product quality. August 2008

COMMON U. S. BREEDS • The next group of slides represent breeds common in

COMMON U. S. BREEDS • The next group of slides represent breeds common in the United States. • You will need to take notes about each breed! August 2008

ANGUS August 2008

ANGUS August 2008

BEEFMASTER August 2008

BEEFMASTER August 2008

BRAHMAN August 2008

BRAHMAN August 2008

CHAROLAIS August 2008

CHAROLAIS August 2008

HEREFORD August 2008

HEREFORD August 2008

LIMOUSIN August 2008

LIMOUSIN August 2008

LONGHORN August 2008

LONGHORN August 2008

POLLED HEREFORD August 2008

POLLED HEREFORD August 2008

SANTA GERTRUDIS August 2008

SANTA GERTRUDIS August 2008

SHORTHORN August 2008

SHORTHORN August 2008

SIMMENTAL August 2008

SIMMENTAL August 2008

OTHER BREEDS OF BEEF CATTLE • The next group of pictures represent breeds of

OTHER BREEDS OF BEEF CATTLE • The next group of pictures represent breeds of cattle that can be found in smaller numbers in the United States. • Some are composite breeds. August 2008

BRANGUS August 2008

BRANGUS August 2008

CHIANINA (CHIANGUS, ETC. ) August 2008

CHIANINA (CHIANGUS, ETC. ) August 2008

GELBVIEH August 2008

GELBVIEH August 2008

MAINE ANJOU August 2008

MAINE ANJOU August 2008

RED ANGUS August 2008

RED ANGUS August 2008

TO LEARN MORE… • For more information on any of these breeds of cattle

TO LEARN MORE… • For more information on any of these breeds of cattle or for rarer breeds, please visit the following website: www. ansi. okstate. edu/breeds/ Once there, click on beef breeds and select the breed you would like to know more about! August 2008