Committee on Earth Observation Satellites Virtual Constellations Issues

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Committee on Earth Observation Satellites Virtual Constellations Issues and opportunities Jean-Louis Fellous – SIT

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites Virtual Constellations Issues and opportunities Jean-Louis Fellous – SIT Chair Team CEOS Plenary 2016 Agenda Item 7. 5 Brisbane, Australia 1 st – 2 nd November 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November

Introduction • Seven Virtual Constellations are currently active o o One about the atmosphere:

Introduction • Seven Virtual Constellations are currently active o o One about the atmosphere: the AC-VC One about land: the LSI-VC Four about the ocean surface: the SST-, OSVW- and OCR-VC One about the water cycle: the P-VC • All VC Leads took part in tag up teleconferences with the SIT Chair Team in January-February and June-July • All VCs contributed to SIT-31 in April, and to the VC-WG Day and the SIT Technical Workshop in September • The following progress report is based on the VC inputs. It contains the latest information on their current activities and plans • One critical issue has been identified and is put to CEOS Plenary attention CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 2

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites AC-VC Input to VC report and issues for consideration

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites AC-VC Input to VC report and issues for consideration Jay Al-Saadi and Ben Veihelmann CEOS Plenary 2016 Agenda Item 7. 5 Brisbane, Australia 1 st – 2 nd November 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November

Atmospheric Composition Virtual Constellation (AC-VC) • AC-VC-12 held October 2016, the first AC-VC meeting

Atmospheric Composition Virtual Constellation (AC-VC) • AC-VC-12 held October 2016, the first AC-VC meeting held outside Europe/USA. o Hosted by Korea National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER) and Yonsei University o NIER plans to apply to become a CEOS Member next year • 2 nd Atmospheric Composition OSSE workshop to be hosted 11/2016 by ECMWF to further international collaboration on Air Quality and Greenhouse Gas constellation requirements CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 4

Atmospheric Composition Virtual Constellation (AC-VC) – cont’d • Air Quality Constellation o Welcomed first

Atmospheric Composition Virtual Constellation (AC-VC) – cont’d • Air Quality Constellation o Welcomed first participation by Chinese colleagues, will work to embrace LEO Gao. Fen-5 o Successful preparatory validation campaigns conducted this year include the Korea-US Air Quality Study (Seoul, ROK) and CINDI-2 (Cabauw, NL) • Greenhouse Gas Constellation o Proto GHG-VC coming into existence approximately end of decade (several LEO passive sensors and one active LEO sensor) o Affirmed support for open data policy with Chinese missions and surface measurements • Ozone Trends o Deliverable VC-02 for total ozone dataset harmonization is on schedule o Work on tropospheric ozone and nadir profile trends has started CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 5

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites LSI-VC Update Bianca Hoersch, Jennifer Lacey and Adam Lewis

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites LSI-VC Update Bianca Hoersch, Jennifer Lacey and Adam Lewis CEOS Plenary 2016 Agenda Item #7. 5 Brisbane, Australia 1 st – 2 nd November 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November

LSI-VC Update • Background o Re-established at the 2015 CEOS Plenary with renewed Terms

LSI-VC Update • Background o Re-established at the 2015 CEOS Plenary with renewed Terms of Reference and Implementation Plan. o Led by ESA (Bianca Hoersch), GA (Adam Lewis), and USGS (Jenn Lacey). o Over 20 members representing 12 agencies (CNES, CSA, CSIRO, DLR, EC, ESA, GA, ISRO, JAXA, NASA, NOAA, USGS). o 2 successful meetings: LSI-VC-1 (February, hosted by ESA at ESRIN) and LSI-VC-2 (July, hosted by USGS in LA, USA). CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 7

LSI-VC Update (cont’d) • Analysis-Ready Data o LSI-VC served as the forum for developing

LSI-VC Update (cont’d) • Analysis-Ready Data o LSI-VC served as the forum for developing the CEOS Analysis-Ready Data definition (now known as CARD 4 L – CEOS Analysis-Ready Data for Land). o CARD 4 L underpins a large amount of the future data architectures work being progressed within CEOS. o The CARD 4 L definition has been presented for endorsement by CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 8

LSI-VC Update (cont’d) • Requirement and Gap Analyses o LSI-VC is working to help

LSI-VC Update (cont’d) • Requirement and Gap Analyses o LSI-VC is working to help CEOS better understand its LSI commitments and capacity. o Currently investigating how to bring together requirements (from communities of practice, using a common framework) and the necessary observing capabilities – to establish a standard ‘CEOS Approach’ to LSI requirements and capabilities analysis. § Looking at previous examples such as the process used by GEOGLAM to map requirements and capabilities. § Also investigating tools and processes including the USGS-NOAA Requirements Capabilities & Analysis for Earth Observations (RCA -EO) and CEOS information systems (e. g. , MIM Database, COVE, IDN, ECV Inventory, Data Policy Portal). CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 9

LSI-VC Update (cont’d) • Future Tasks and Challenges o Establish a team to define

LSI-VC Update (cont’d) • Future Tasks and Challenges o Establish a team to define CEOS SAR Analysis-Ready Data to integrate into CARD 4 L. o Progress the LSI-VC approach to requirement and gap analyses and perform some preliminary studies in support of the CEOS Carbon Strategy. CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 10

CEOS SST-VC Kenneth S. Casey and Anne O’Carroll CEOS Plenary October 2016 CEOS Plenary

CEOS SST-VC Kenneth S. Casey and Anne O’Carroll CEOS Plenary October 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 11

Sea Surface Temperature (Polar orbiting) 11 12 13 14 ERS-2 ATSR-2 15 16 17

Sea Surface Temperature (Polar orbiting) 11 12 13 14 ERS-2 ATSR-2 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 ENVISAT AATSR Sentinel-3 A SLSTR Sentinel-3 B SLSTR Sentinel-3 C/D SLSTR Dual view capability POES AVHRR/3 (pm orbit) METOP-A METOP-B (AVHRR/3, IASI) (am orbit) METOP-C Metop-SG A (METimage, IASI-NG) AQUA & TERRA (MODIS) S-NPP (VIIRS) FY-3 A Optical (TIR) Polar Orbiting JPSS-1 (VIIRS) JPSS-2 (VIIRS) FY-3 B, C, D (VIRR) METEOR-M 1 MSU-MR METEOR-M 2 MSU-MR GCOM-C SGLI OCEANSAT-3 (TIR) Aquarius SAC/D (NIRST) METEOR-M 3 Passive Microwave, Polar & non sun-synchronous Orbiting HY-2 A AMSRE TRMM HY-2 B, C, D GPM-Core GMI GCOM-W 1 (AMSR-2) Wind. Sat GCOM-W 2 (AMSR-2) FY-3 A, B, C (MWRI) In orbit CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November Approved GCOM-W 3 (AMSR-2) FY-D, F (MWRI) Planned/Pending approval 12

Sea Surface Temperature (Geostationary) 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Sea Surface Temperature (Geostationary) 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Meteosat-9 (SEVIRI) EU Meteosat-10 (SEVIRI) EU Meteosat-11 (SEVIRI) EU MTG-I 1 EU MTG-I 2 EU MTG-S 1 EU GOES-13 (Imager) US-West GOES-14(Imager) US-west GOES-15 (Imager) US-East GOES-R (ABI) US GOES-S (ABI) US MTSAT-1 R (Japan) MTSAT-2 (Japan) Himawari-8 (Japan) Himawari-9 (Japan) FY-2 E FY-2 F (China) Elektro-L N 1 (Russia) FY-4 0/A, B, C (China) Elektro-L N 2 (Russia) Elektro-L N 3 /4(Russia) COMS (Korea) Kaplana (India) INSAT-3 A (India) In orbit CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November COMS 2 A/B (Korea) INSAT-3 D (India) Approved INSAT-3 D R/S (India) Planned/Pending approval 13

SST-VC highlights • The SST-VC spent the last year focusing on a narrower number

SST-VC highlights • The SST-VC spent the last year focusing on a narrower number of activities specifically identified in the CEOS Work Plan: • Satellite Oceanography User Workshop, Melbourne, 9 -11 th Nov 2015 o https: //www. ghrsst. org/ghrsst/Meetings-and-workshops/satellite-oceanography-user-workshop/ videos available together with CEOS/WGCap. D. • • Welcomed Dr Pradeep K. Thapliyal (ISRO) in October 2015 as new member. • • SST-VC presentation to IOVWST in Sapporo, May 2016. Presentations on PMW constellation for SST to SIT-31, CGMS-44, and SIT TW including impacts on analyses and forecasts. 5 th SST-VC meeting, 10 th June 2016, Washington DC. VC-1: 81 Group for High Resolution SST (GHRSST) products now in archive. VC-19: Progress on SST-VC white paper, on next generation SST constellation, aim for publication early 2017. CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 14

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites OST-VC Input to VC report and issues for consideration

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites OST-VC Input to VC report and issues for consideration Philippe Escudier and Hans Bonekamp CEOS Plenary 2016 Agenda Item 7. 5 Brisbane, Australia 1 st – 2 nd November 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November

Missions Now-Future Launch Date 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Missions Now-Future Launch Date 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Reference Nadir Missions (Non Sun-Synchronous) 20/08 Jason-2 Jason-CS-A/Sentinel-6 -A FR/EU/USA Jason-3 EU/USA J-CS-B EU/USA FR/EU/USA Complementary Nadir Missions 02/13 Saral/Alti. Ka FR/India Sentinel-3 A EU Sentinel-3 B EU Sentinel-3 C EU Sentinel-3 D EU 04/10 CRYOSAT-2 EU 08/11 HY-2 A CN HY-2 C CN HY-2 B CN HY-2 D CN Broad-Coverage Mission SWOT USA/FR Compira - Japan Operating CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November Development Proposed Feb 2016 16

OST-VC activity report • Important Milestone o Next OST-VC meeting starts Thursday 3 rd

OST-VC activity report • Important Milestone o Next OST-VC meeting starts Thursday 3 rd November during the Ocean Surface Topography Science Team (OSTST) international meeting in La Rochelle (France). • The agenda for this meeting includes : o OST-VC general status, round table on current status and plans o Status of the action requested by CEOS SIT to produce a catalogue of existing Cal/Val facilities maintained and used for OST § Discussion chaired by Pascal Bonnefond o Discussion on the potential benefits of a second generation of OST-VC that would allow to improve significantly the overall space and time coverage of the virtual constellation and on how to proceed § As an introduction to this discussion, CNES will present some elements of its on-going CNES phase 0 study on this topic o Any other business CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 17

OST-VC activity report (cont’d) • Recent achievements o Two recent successful launches: Jason-3 and

OST-VC activity report (cont’d) • Recent achievements o Two recent successful launches: Jason-3 and Sentinel-3 represent major milestones for the future of the Ocean Surface Topography virtual constellation § Jason 3 is now operational and Jason 2 orbit has been successfully shifted to an interleaved track with Jason 3 to optimize the overall coverage § In-orbit assessment of Sentinel 3 altimetry mission has confirmed its quality • On-going activity o Ocean Surface Topography Science Team renewal : § On-going assessment of the proposals received in response to NASA and CNES/EUMETSAT announcement of opportunity § Selected teams to be announced by the end of 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 18

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites OSVW-VC Input to VC report and issues for consideration

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites OSVW-VC Input to VC report and issues for consideration Paul Chang CEOS Plenary 2016 Agenda Item 7. 5 Brisbane, Australia 1 st – 2 nd November 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November

OSVW-VC report – Updates • Capacity building and user outreach • • o 5

OSVW-VC report – Updates • Capacity building and user outreach • • o 5 th training course in the Use of Satellite Wind and Wave Products in Operational Marine Forecasting, South African Weather Service, Pretoria, SA, December 12 -16, 2016 (EUMETSAT, NOAA and SAWS) Next OSVW-VC meeting o Will be scheduled in conjunction with the next IOVWST meeting which is scheduled for May 2 -4, 2017 at Scripps, San Diego, California § Review action items § Continue efforts to integrate IOWVST and OSVW-VC activities Leadership o OSVW-VC Co-Chair nomination pending after Julia Figa (EUMETSAT) left in early 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 20

OSVW-VC – Recent achievements • ISRO had a successful launch of Scat. Sat-1 on

OSVW-VC – Recent achievements • ISRO had a successful launch of Scat. Sat-1 on September 26, 2016 at 09: 12 IST: o Scat. Sat-1 is a Ku-band scatterometer § Follow-on to ISRO’s OSCAT sensor with several improvements o In Orbit assessment Scat. Sat-1 is underway o First look images can be seen at http: //isro. gov. in/pslv-c 35 -scatsat 1/scatsat-1 -latest-products o Joint (ISRO, NASA, NOAA, EUMETSAT) Cal/Val activities will commence once instrument checkout is complete CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 21

CEOS Ocean Vector Surface Winds Virtual Constellation (OSVW-VC) Current status and outlook – NRT

CEOS Ocean Vector Surface Winds Virtual Constellation (OSVW-VC) Current status and outlook – NRT data access Launc h 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 10/06 METOP-A Europe 18 19 20 22 23 24 METOP-C Europe METOP-B Europe C-band Post EPS Europe 06/99 Oceansat-3 B India 03/04 QSCAT USA 21 Oceansat-3 A India Oceansat-2 India Scat. Sat-1 India HY-2 B China HY-2 A China Ku-band CFOSAT China/France Rapid. Scat USA No NRT data access committed Meteor-M N 3 Russia FY-3 E China Combined C- and Kuband FY-3 G China GCOM-W 2 Japan/India/USA? Advanced Scat series India Design Life Extended Life Operating Design Life Extended Life Proposed Approved Source: WMO OSCAR database and direct interactions with agencies CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 22

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites OCR-VC Update Paul Di. Giacomo, Paula Bontempi and Craig

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites OCR-VC Update Paul Di. Giacomo, Paula Bontempi and Craig Donlon CEOS Plenary 2016 Agenda Item #7. 5 Brisbane, Australia 1 st – 2 nd November 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November

OCR-VC Current activities • OCR constellation successfully expanded with OLCI on Sentinel 3 A;

OCR-VC Current activities • OCR constellation successfully expanded with OLCI on Sentinel 3 A; Level 1 B data now publicly available; Level 2 data by early next year. Congrats to ESA/EUMETSAT! • Reprocessed life of mission VIIRS OCR data now available from JPSS Ocean Color EDR team using NOAA MSL 12 enterprise processing system (for more details see http: //coastwatch. noaa. gov/cwn/cw_products_oc. LOM. html) • NASA’s PACE (Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem) mission is scheduled to launch in 2022/23 and will expand upon the NASA Goddard legacy of measuring ocean color from space CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 24

OCR-VC Current activities (cont’d) • OCR-VC briefed the SIT Technical workshop on the International

OCR-VC Current activities (cont’d) • OCR-VC briefed the SIT Technical workshop on the International Network for Sensor Inter-comparison and Uncertainty assessment for Ocean Color Radiometry (INSITU-OCR) as a potential model for coordinating VC et al. validation activities; see http: //ioccg. org/whatwe-do/insitu-ocr/ for the INSITU-OCR agency mapping exercise • Collection of existing data as well as planning and investments for new and improved ocean color vicarious calibration observations continue by ESA, NASA and NOAA • OCR-VC contributed to the 2016 GCOS Implementation Plan • OCR-VC made significant contributions to the Blue Planet Implementation Plan, now formally accepted as a GEO initiative • OCR scientists actively contributing to the development of Aquawatch, the GEO Water Monitoring and Forecasting Service. CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 25

OCR-VC Current status • • Recent meetings o Ocean Science Meeting, New Orleans, LA,

OCR-VC Current status • • Recent meetings o Ocean Science Meeting, New Orleans, LA, USA, 21 -26 February 2016; numerous OCR-VC related sessions and expert contributions. o IOCCG-21, Santa Monica, CA, USA, 1 -3 March 2016 (hosted by NOAA and NASA). o Ocean Optics XXIII, Victoria, BC, Canada, 23 -28 October 2016 (sponsored by NASA); included IOCCG Exec Committee meeting Forthcoming meetings o IOCCG-22, Perth, Australia, 7 -9 February 2017 (hosted by CSIRO) o Options for future European satellite vicarious calibration adjustment infrastructure for the Sentinel-3 OLCI and Sentinel-2 MSI series, 21 -22 February 2017, ESA/ESRIN, Frascati, Italy (hosted by ESA) o International Ocean Color Science meeting, May 2017, Lisbon, Portugal (hosted by ESA, EUMETSAT, EC and NASA). o 3 rd Blue Planet Symposium: The Role of the Oceans in Earth’s Life Support System, College Park, MD, USA, 31 May-2 June 2017 (hosted by NOAA) CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 26

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites P-VC Input to VC report and issues for consideration

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites P-VC Input to VC report and issues for consideration Riko Oki and Steven Neeck CEOS Plenary 2016 Agenda Item 7. 5 Brisbane, Australia 1 st – 2 nd November 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November

P-VC Roadmap Other missions of interest are: on-orbit failure ? ? Current: Cloudsat (CPR),

P-VC Roadmap Other missions of interest are: on-orbit failure ? ? Current: Cloudsat (CPR), MSG/Meteosat-9/-10 (SEVIRI), GOES 13/14/15 (Imager), MTSAT-2 (Imager/MTSAT), FY -3 B/C (MWRI), Meteor-M N 1 (MTVZA). Future: Earth. CARE (CPR), MTG-I 1 (FCI), GOES-R/S/T (NOAA), DMSP FO (MWI), FY -3 D/F (MWRI), Meteor M N 21/-2 and N 3 (MTVZA), Meteor M 3 series (Advanced MTVZA), PATH, ACE, GPM FO MW Imager and Precipitation Radar continuity gap M-T extended to 2020 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 28

Recent achievements, on-going activities • VC-16: P-VC Data Portal (PVCDP) and links to CEOS

Recent achievements, on-going activities • VC-16: P-VC Data Portal (PVCDP) and links to CEOS Water Portal (CLOSED) o PVCDP was released deployed at http: //pvcportal. pps. eosdis. nasa. gov. Further refinement is continuing including a new version release and addition of partner data sets. • VC-17: Support to ECV precipitation parameters o The GPM constellation remained stable with full Core Observatory capabilities. JPSS-1 and Metop-C will be added in 2017 and 2018, respectively. The premature loss of DMSP F 19 has impacted early morning sampling. Megha-Tropiques was extended to 2020 by CNES/ISRO (Deliverable #1). o P-VC members submitted space-based precipitation measurementrelated white papers to the U. S. 2017 NRC Decadal Survey team in response to two RFIs (Deliverable #1). o Cross-Calibration Working Group focus remained on improving passive microwave radiometer inter-calibration and made contributions in antenna temperature and geo-location correction (Deliverables #2, #3, #4, and #5). CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 29

Recent achievements, on-going activities (cont’d) o Precipitation Processing System/Mission Operation System (PS/MOS) continued to

Recent achievements, on-going activities (cont’d) o Precipitation Processing System/Mission Operation System (PS/MOS) continued to produce and distribute all GPM Standard Data Products and specialized NRT products (IMERG, GSMa. P) to public users. The IMERG NRT version is currently available with 3 -4 hour latency. The GSMa. P real-time version is currently available with 30 minute latency in the GMS-8 regional area. GPM Standard Data Products were reprocessed to V 04 (Deliverables #2, #3, #4, and #5). o Multi-month OLYMPEX Ground Validation Campaign in the U. S. Pacific Northwest was completed in February. This was the 7 th and final major GPM field campaign. (Deliverable #2). o Precipitation Measurement Missions (PMM) Science Team selections were completed. The 60 research proposals selected included activities in multi-satellite inter-calibration, algorithm development, and flood and landslide applications areas. Japanese PMM Science Team selections were also completed and 41 research proposals were selected (Del. #2, #3, and #4). CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 30

Recent achievements, on-going activities (cont’d) • VC-18: Programs for improvement of global precipitation products

Recent achievements, on-going activities (cont’d) • VC-18: Programs for improvement of global precipitation products o PPS began producing a GIS translation of the IMERG multi-satellite data product distinguishing surface rain and frozen precipitation in addition to the total precipitation GIS product. o P-VC is supporting the CEOS Disasters Working Group in the Landslide Pilot in addition to the Flood Pilot. o GPM Applied Sciences element conducted 4 webinar tutorials on precipitation data products, data access web-tools and their use, data import and usage techniques in GIS, and programing modules/scripts for reading GPM data products. • VC-22: Response to precipitation-related aspects of CEOS Strategy for Water Observations from Space o P-VC members contributed to C 1, C 2, C 3, and C 4 responses (e. g. Huffman et al. /White Paper and precipitation-soil moisture synergistic observation case study, Ferraro et al. GEO CA-08 support, post-GPM study report and sampling analysis for WSIST FS study team) CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 31

Issue • Concern remains regarding microwave radiometer (GCOMW 2/W 3, DMSP FO) and precipitation

Issue • Concern remains regarding microwave radiometer (GCOMW 2/W 3, DMSP FO) and precipitation radar continuity. o NASA TROPICS cubesat constellation and JAXA post-GPM study suggest alternative technology paths. o Efforts are being made to obtain MTZVA-GY/Meteor-M N 2 data to replace DMSP-F 19 observational capability lost earlier this year • No SIT Chair/CEOS Plenary action requested. CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 32

Multipurpose Passive Microwave constellation CEOS SST-VC Kenneth S. Casey and Anne O’Carroll CEOS Plenary

Multipurpose Passive Microwave constellation CEOS SST-VC Kenneth S. Casey and Anne O’Carroll CEOS Plenary October 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 33

Current situation FY-3 E does not have MWRI -> Both continuity and redundancy of

Current situation FY-3 E does not have MWRI -> Both continuity and redundancy of PMW constellation sought including with 6 -7 GHz channels including for use at high latitudes. CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 34

Summary of expected benefits • • • Use of Passive Microwave Radiometers (PMW) for

Summary of expected benefits • • • Use of Passive Microwave Radiometers (PMW) for SST retrievals is an essential component of global constellation of SST sensors. Provides temperature of ocean under clouds, not possible from infrared sensors, albeit with poorer spatial resolution. Important in high-latitude regions and in areas of extensive and persistent cloud cover or in case of a large volcanic event. Impact studies of SST analyses / ocean forecasts show PMW needed for: o Verification of SST analyses (and inter-comparisons) at the poles. o Aerosol regions (robust to IR sensitivity displayed in these regions). o Improves feature definition (e. g. fronts) esp. where persistent cloud. o Impact studies show improvement in RMSD (e. g. 0. 02 K global to 0. 05 K regional). Particularly important at high latitudes. o Retrievals of Ocean Surface Salinity Measurements give better performance when using SST analyses including PMW data. CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 35

Recommendation • Currently there are risks and gaps identified in constellation, therefore continuity and

Recommendation • Currently there are risks and gaps identified in constellation, therefore continuity and redundancy of PMW for SST continue to be sought. • Precipitation-VC confirmed support and mutual interest, for those PMW’s including surface imaging channels and higher frequency channels suitable for rainfall measurement (GCOM-W 2/3 AMSR 2; FY -3/MWRI; GMI-like follow-on). Recommendation: • Given the current risk to the current and continued PMW constellation for SST and the need for a redundant capability of PMW with ~7 GHz, CEOS is requested to coordinate and encourage its agencies to ensure the continuation of the existing capability and to facilitate the coordination of agencies to ensure continuity and redundancy of PMW for SST. • Impact studies have shown that these data are particularly important for SST analyses and ocean models at high latitudes, particularly the Arctic, aerosol regions, persistent cloudy regions, feature definition and overall contribute to an improvement in ocean forecast skill. CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 36

The CEOS Plenary is invited to endorse the SST-VC / P-VC joint recommendation Thank

The CEOS Plenary is invited to endorse the SST-VC / P-VC joint recommendation Thank you for your attention! CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 37

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites Proposal for the endorsement of a new CEh. Or.

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites Proposal for the endorsement of a new CEh. Or. Se Working Group J. -L. Fellous CEOS Plenary 2016 Agenda Item #7. 5 b Brisbane, Australia 1 st – 2 nd November 2016 CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November

Dear Jono Please accept my apologies for my total lack of sense of humor

Dear Jono Please accept my apologies for my total lack of sense of humor yesterday and this proposal as a tribute to your kind and friendly attitude at all times! CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 39

Rationale for a WGCup. Day • VC-WG Day were organized on three occasions so

Rationale for a WGCup. Day • VC-WG Day were organized on three occasions so far: o Tuesday 16 September 2014 o Tuesday 16 September 2015, and o Tuesday 13 September 2016 • In all cases this was the third Tuesday of September • They addressed Constellation User Projects and Data Anal. Ysis (CUP DAY) • It is proposed to set up a Working Group Cup. Day* o WG CUPDAY Leads could be Jonathon Ross and myself o To. Rs: organize the annual VC-WG Day on the 3 rd Tuesday of September * Pronunciation may range from “Cop Die” to “Cube Di” (no relationship with Data Cube) CEOS Plenary 2016, 1 -2 November 40