- Slides: 5
Collective Identity and Citizenship • Collective Identity: Shared identity of a group of people, based on common characteristics, especially a common language and culture • Citizenship: who belongs and who doesn’t belong to a society.
Mi'kmaq • The Mi'kmaq culture had a very close relationship with the land they depended on their hunting grounds in order to feed the people of their community. The Saqamaw was the leader in Mi'kmaq society. Who is the leader in Canadian society? How do we determine who the leader is in Canada? • The Saqamaw's were chosen by council of elders that had chosen him and they would also advise him on how to make decisions. There were 7 districts of Mi'kmaq's and each district would send their Saqamaw and these Saqamaw's would then make up the Grand Council. These Grand Council's would make decisions about where the Mi'kmaq could hunt, fish and where they could camp. • The Mi'kmaq were semi-nomadic. This meant that they would travel to different areas depending on the season. The tribe would live near the coast in the summer but they would travel inland to the forest in the winter time. Why do you think they would choose to live in these areas?
Anishinabe: • The leader of the Anishinabe was the ogimauh. The ogimauh was chosen by consensus. This means that everyone agreed on the choosing of the chief. The Anishinabe tribe was divided into 7 clans (Dodems) and each had a different responsibility. These clans all worked together and each clan had a different responsibility. • Midewin Society: These were people who had special gifts as spiritual leaders and healers. Both men and women could be part of this group.
Haudenosaunee • Stay in one place for a long time – only move when they have to (live in long houses) • Agricultural • Hoyaneh = leader • Clan mothers • Cared and respected the Earth/Mother Nature • Played a role and everyone helps out • Spiritual connection with the earth • Role of women – powerful!! • Grand Council decided if they went to war
Terms Mi’kmaq • Saqamaw • Council of Elders • Grand Council Anishinabe • Dodem • Ogimauh • Consensus • Midewin Society • Wampum Belt Haudenosaunee • Clan Mothers • Hoyaneh • Peacemaker • Great Law of Peace • Alliance Identity • Powwow • Lacrosse