Cold War Under Eisenhower Todays Objective After todays

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Cold War Under Eisenhower

Cold War Under Eisenhower

Today’s Objective After today’s lesson, students will be able to… Explain the United States

Today’s Objective After today’s lesson, students will be able to… Explain the United States policy and influence during the Cold War under President Eisenhower Essential Skill: To gather and organize information

1952 Election Dwight D. Eisenhower Adlai Stevenson

1952 Election Dwight D. Eisenhower Adlai Stevenson

1952 Election Results

1952 Election Results

Mutually Assured Destruction Was Ike “mad” when he advocated a policy of Mutually Assured

Mutually Assured Destruction Was Ike “mad” when he advocated a policy of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD ? (MAD) ) What do you think this term means? A military strategy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by two or more opposing sides would cause the complete annihilation of both the attacker and the defender

Eisenhower’s “New Look” Foreign Policy Massive Retaliation Nuclear arsenal would be more efficient/effective alternative

Eisenhower’s “New Look” Foreign Policy Massive Retaliation Nuclear arsenal would be more efficient/effective alternative to large-scale conventional forces Brinkmanship Taking the country to the brink of war to avoid war (J. Foster Dulles – Secretary of State) Third World Bi-polar world, all disputes viewed through lens of Cold War…”you are either with us or against us. ” Covert Operations The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) engineered pro-American political coups

Continuation of Containment Korea (1950 -1953) Iran (1953) Guatemala (1954) Vietnam (1954) Suez Canal

Continuation of Containment Korea (1950 -1953) Iran (1953) Guatemala (1954) Vietnam (1954) Suez Canal (1956) Hungary (1956) U 2 Spy Plane (1960)

Ike’s Foreign Policy Legacy Containment policy continues… Heightened arms race; “nuclear supremacy” Third World

Ike’s Foreign Policy Legacy Containment policy continues… Heightened arms race; “nuclear supremacy” Third World resentment builds Rise of Military-Industrial Complex Close cooperation between military and defense industries Space Race was on after Sputnik launch National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)