- Slides: 9
Classification of Instruments
Classification of Instruments In music, there are five different types of instruments. Every instrument that is played falls into one of these five categories. They are: • • • Aerophones Chordophones Idiophones Membranophones Electrophones
Aerophone Instruments • An aerophone produces its sound by the vibration of • The two main families that are aerophones are woodwind and brass instruments. • Woodwinds use the air and reeds to vibrate. • Brass use air and the player’s lips to vibrate. • Some keyboard instruments also use air as the source of vibration and can be considered aerophones. • Can you name any Aerophones?
Chordophone Instruments • Chordophones are part of the string instrument family. • They produce sound by the vibrating of • To make the sounds: pluck, bow or strike the strings. • This is done by a pick, bow or the musician’s hand. • Can you name any Chordophones?
Electrophone Instruments • This is the newest category of instruments. They have only been around since the 20 th century. • Electrophones produce an electronic sound. • The two main families of electrophones are electronic instruments and amplified acoustical instruments. • What are some Electrophones that you have heard?
Membranophone Instruments Membranophones produce sound when a stretched skin (membrane) vibrates. • Different materials can be used to make membranophones, some include wood, metal, or ceramics. • These instruments may have definite or indefinite pitch. What does this mean? • These belong to the percussion family. How many different kinds of drums do you know?
Idiophone Instruments • Idiophones produce a sound by the vibration of the actual instrument itself. • These instruments can be struck, rubbed, shaken or plucked. • This category belongs to the percussion family. • How many can you name?
Let’s Review • Instruments can be classified into what 5 categories? • Aerophones produce sound by the vibration of what? • Chordophones produce sound by the vibration of what? • Electrophones produce what kind of sounds? • Membranophones produce sound by vibrating what? • Idiophones use the vibration of what? • Can you give examples of each category?
Instrument Match • Aerophone • Chordophone • Idiophone • Membranophone • Electrophone • • Flute Conga Mandolin Synthesizer Pipe Organ Timpani Guiro Amplified Acoustic Guitar • Castinets • Cello