- Slides: 13
Civil Rights Movement VUS. 13 Lesson 2
Civil Rights Movement 15. In 1955, Rosa Parks, a seamstress on her way home from work, sat in the first row of seats in the “colored” section of the Montgomery, Alabama, bus. When a white person needed her seat, she refused to move. She was arrested.
Civil Rights 16. Black leaders under the direction of the Martin Luther King, Jr. , called for a bus boycott.
Civil Rights Movement 17. In 1960, four black college students asked for service at a whites-only Woolworth lunch counter and refused to leave when turned down. They were arrested. This form of civil disobedience was based on the passive resistance demonstrations led by Gandhi against British rule in India. This “sit in” strategy was used throughout the South. Woolworth’s lunch counter
Civil Rights Movement 18. By 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. had become the most powerful of the civil rights leaders. He called for a gathering in Washington, D. C. in support of civil rights legislation. More than 250, 000 blacks and whites participated. 1963
Civil Rights Movement 19. In his speech, Dr. King said “I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up, live out the true meaning of its creed: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal…” The march was a triumph for non-violent mass protest. On the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D. C.
Civil Rights Movement 20. Lyndon Johnson became president following the assassination of John Kennedy. Johnson’s goal was that of social improvement. His vision was of a Great Society of fairness and prosperity. He waged a “War on Poverty” which included initiatives in Medicare, Medicaid, and the Economic Opportunity Act.
Civil Rights Movement 21. In 1964, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This act strengthened federal power to fight job discrimination and prohibited racial discrimination in public accommodations, such as hotels and restaurants. It also prohibited discrimination based on religion, national origin, or gender, an important step for women’s rights.
Civil Rights Movement 22. Although the Civil Rights Act of 1964 addressed a broad scope of discrimination, the discrimination against people with disabilities would not be addressed until 1973 with the passage of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. This prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in federal programs and by recipients of federal financial assistance. 23. The Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) requires that all children with disabilities receive a free, appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment.
Civil Rights Movement 24. African American voting rights were denied by the use of poll taxes and literacy tests. President Johnson encouraged Congress to pass the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which outlawed discrimination in registering voters. The act was implemented by federal voting registrars sent to the South. These students failed the Literacy Test in Louisiana In 1964.
Civil Rights Movement 25. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in 1968. This triggered a series of urban riots. National Guard troops helped the local police put an end to the burning and looting in these cities.
1968 Race Riots
Civil Rights Movement 26. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1950 s and 1960 s was an attempt to provide to all citizens the rights promised in the Constitution. Much of the progress came as a result of nonviolent demonstration, landmark court cases and federal legistration.