Civil Rights in School Nutrition Programs Civil Rights

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Civil Rights in School Nutrition Programs Civil Rights Compliance and Enforcement Training for Administrators

Civil Rights in School Nutrition Programs Civil Rights Compliance and Enforcement Training for Administrators July 2013

Content Covered § Civil Rights in School Nutrition Programs § Public Notification Systems §

Content Covered § Civil Rights in School Nutrition Programs § Public Notification Systems § Non-discrimination Statement § Complaint Information § Ethnic and Race Data Collection § Reasonable Accommodations § Managing Complaints § Compliance during a Review 2

Civil Rights Regulations in SNPs § Civil Rights Regulations direct sponsors on the proper

Civil Rights Regulations in SNPs § Civil Rights Regulations direct sponsors on the proper procedures to follow so that benefits of Child Nutrition Programs are made available to all eligible persons in a nondiscriminatory manner § All sponsors receiving Federal $$ must implement Civil Rights requirements to be eligible for all Child Nutrition Programs § Food and Nutrition Services (FNS) Instruction 113 is the federal regulation governing Civil Rights in the Child Nutrition Programs 3

What are Civil Rights? Civil Rights are: “The nonpolitical rights of a citizen; the

What are Civil Rights? Civil Rights are: “The nonpolitical rights of a citizen; the rights of personal liberty guaranteed to U. S. citizens by the 13 th and 14 th Amendments to the U. S. Constitution and the acts of Congress. ” 4

Civil Rights Laws § Title VI – Civil Rights Act of 1964 § Prohibits

Civil Rights Laws § Title VI – Civil Rights Act of 1964 § Prohibits discrimination based on race, color, and national origin – including persons with Limited English Proficiency § Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 § Prohibits discrimination based on sex under any education program or activity that is receiving federal financial assistance § Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 § Prohibits discrimination based on disability 5

Civil Rights Laws § Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 § Prohibits discrimination based

Civil Rights Laws § Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 § Prohibits discrimination based on disability in all services, programs, and activities provided to the public by State and local governments, except public transportation services § Age Discrimination Act of 1975 § Prohibits discrimination based on age in programs or activities receiving Federal financial assistance § Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987 § Prohibits discrimination based on race, color, and national origin 6

What is Discrimination? § Discrimination the act of distinction of one person or a

What is Discrimination? § Discrimination the act of distinction of one person or a group of persons from others; either intentionally, by neglect, or by actions or lack of actions based on their protected classes § Protected classes: § Race § Color § National Origin § Sex § Age § Disability 7

Examples of Unlawful Discrimination § Giving one group or type of participants larger or

Examples of Unlawful Discrimination § Giving one group or type of participants larger or extra helpings of food while not providing the same to other groups or types of participants § Serving boys larger portions than girls § Separating genders § Putting the girls separate from the boys 8

Examples of Unlawful Discrimination § Failing to provide program information to all potential program

Examples of Unlawful Discrimination § Failing to provide program information to all potential program participants § Not distributing program information in all language specific to the population of the service area such as Spanish § Failing to provide children with special needs accommodating meals 9

Public Notification System Program Availability • Take specific action to inform applicants, participants, and

Public Notification System Program Availability • Take specific action to inform applicants, participants, and potentially eligible persons of their program rights and responsibilities and the steps necessary for participation Complaint Information • Applicants and participants must be advised of their right to file a complaint, how to file a complaint, and the complaint procedures Nondiscrimination Statement • All information materials and sources used to inform the public about FNS programs must contain a nondiscrimination statement 10

Methods of Public Notification Inform of programs or changes in programs (eligibility, benefits, and

Methods of Public Notification Inform of programs or changes in programs (eligibility, benefits, and services, the location of local facilities or service delivery points, and hours of service). Can be communicated by methods such as internet, newspaper articles, radio and television announcements, letters, leaflets, brochures, computer applications, and bulletins. Must include a non-discrimination statement 11

Methods of Public Notification Prominently Display the “And Justice for All” USDA nondiscrimination poster

Methods of Public Notification Prominently Display the “And Justice for All” USDA nondiscrimination poster http: //www. fns. usda. gov/cr/justice. htm ü In each school ü In a location that is easily visible to the students and the public in the food service area 12

Non-discrimination Statement & Complaint Information Non-discrimination Statement “In accordance with Federal law and U.

Non-discrimination Statement & Complaint Information Non-discrimination Statement “In accordance with Federal law and U. S. Department of Agriculture policy, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. Complaint Statement To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, D. C. 20250 -9410 or call 800 -795 -3272 or 202720 -6382 (TTY). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. ” t n e r r u C t o N 13

Non-discrimination Statement The U. S. Department of Agriculture prohibits discrimination against its customers, employees,

Non-discrimination Statement The U. S. Department of Agriculture prohibits discrimination against its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the bases of race, color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual’s income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs and/or employment activities. ) 14

Complaint Information If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination,

Complaint Information If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, complete the USDA Program Complaint Form, found online at http: //www. ascr. usda. gov/complaint_filing_cust. html, or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632 -9992 to request the form. You may also write a letter containing all of information requested in the form. Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U. S. Department of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, S. W. , Washington, D. C. 20250 -9410, by fax (202) 690 -7442 or email at program. [email protected] gov. 15

Non-discrimination Statement for Small Materials t n e r r u C t o

Non-discrimination Statement for Small Materials t n e r r u C t o N If the material is too small to permit the full statement to be included, the material will, at a minimum, include the following statement in print size no smaller than the text: “This institution is an equal opportunity provider. ” 16

Non-discrimination Statement for Small Materials If the material is too small to permit the

Non-discrimination Statement for Small Materials If the material is too small to permit the full statement to be included, the material will, at a minimum, include the following statement in print size no smaller than the text: “USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. ” 17

Non-Discrimination Statement § Must be included in informational materials § Convey the message of

Non-Discrimination Statement § Must be included in informational materials § Convey the message of equal opportunity in all photographic and other graphics used to provide program or programrelated information o Enrollment Forms o Menus o Employee handbooks o Brochures o Parent o Print or broadcast handbooks ads o Newsletters o Flyers o Websites § Not required to be imprinted on small items where deemed impractical (cups, buttons, magnets, pens, etc. ) 18

Racial/Ethnic Data Collection § SNP operators need to establish a system to collect racial

Racial/Ethnic Data Collection § SNP operators need to establish a system to collect racial and ethnic data § Data is used to determine how effectively your program is reaching potentially eligible children and where outreach may be needed § Data must be collected on an annual basis § For schools, this data is typically collected at the time of student enrollment or by other student data systems § Sponsor collects data from Free/Reduced Priced Applications, or staff may make a visual identification of participants’ categories (I. E. Summer Food Service Program and CACFP) § Records must be kept for 3 yrs. + current in secure manner 19

Ethnic Categories § There are 2 Ethnic Categories. Choose 1: § Hispanic or Latino:

Ethnic Categories § There are 2 Ethnic Categories. Choose 1: § Hispanic or Latino: persons of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture, or origin regardless of race § Not Hispanic or Latino 20

Racial Categories § There are 5 Racial Categories. Option to Choose 1 or more

Racial Categories § There are 5 Racial Categories. Option to Choose 1 or more § Black or African American § Asian § American Indian & Alaska Native § White § Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 21

Reasonable Accommodations Disability § All sponsors participating in Child Nutrition Programs are required to

Reasonable Accommodations Disability § All sponsors participating in Child Nutrition Programs are required to provide food substitutions or modifications if: 1. A physicians statement is on file that describes the participant’s disability (a disability as defined in federal regulations) that prevents the participant from eating the regularly offered foods, and… 2. The physician has indicated the substitutions or modifications that the participant needs The Special Diet Statement from the physician must be kept on file at the facility/school 22

Reasonable Accommodations – Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Definition: Individuals who do not speak English

Reasonable Accommodations – Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Definition: Individuals who do not speak English as their primary language and have a limited ability to read, speak, write, or understand English. § Upon request, make available to the public, participants, and potential participants information about program eligibility, benefits, services, and the procedures for filing a complaint, in English and/or in the appropriate translation to non-English speaking persons § If needed, the use of alternative means of communication (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc. ) are required Refer to FNS Instruction 113 -1 pg. 10 23

Civil Rights Training § All staff who work with Child Nutrition Programs must receive

Civil Rights Training § All staff who work with Child Nutrition Programs must receive training on all aspects of civil rights compliance annually. § Examples of specific subject matter: § Collecting/recording racial/ethnic data § Where to display “And Justice for All” posters § What is and how to handle a Civil Rights complaint § Reasonable Accommodations for special dietary needs § Requirements for language assistance § Conflict resolution and customer service § Retain training records, including the agenda and sign in sheet of the people who received civil rights training 24

Administrative Reviews Civil Rights Compliance During an Administrative Review What CDE OSN will look

Administrative Reviews Civil Rights Compliance During an Administrative Review What CDE OSN will look at

Review Questions and Documents What is the non-discrimination statement used for appropriate Program materials

Review Questions and Documents What is the non-discrimination statement used for appropriate Program materials (provide exact language)? Provide a copy of the SFA’s public release Is there a need for services for LEP households? If so, what services does the SFA provide? What is the SFA’s procedure for receiving and processing complaints alleging discrimination within FNS Meal Programs? If procedures are written, provide a copy 26

Review Questions and Documents Has the SFA received any written or verbal complaints alleging

Review Questions and Documents Has the SFA received any written or verbal complaints alleging discrimination in FNS Programs in the current or prior school year? How are students with special dietary needs accommodated? When was the SFA’s most recent civil rights training for staff who interact with program applicants or participants and their supervisors? • Who attended these trainings? • What topics were covered by the training • Provide supporting documentation for the responses. How does the SFA collect racial/ethnic data? How often is the data collected? 27

Scenario #1 Through your data collection procedures, you recognized that even though the community

Scenario #1 Through your data collection procedures, you recognized that even though the community is composed of a large Hispanic population (40 percent), only 2 percent of Hispanics are eligible for meal benefits. What outreach efforts would you take to increase Hispanic program participation? 28

Possible Solutions Scenario #1 § Educational information or materials may be needed in other

Possible Solutions Scenario #1 § Educational information or materials may be needed in other languages § Provide outreach to other programs in the area which serves the Hispanic population 29

Scenario #2 On occasion, the cafeteria will have leftovers following the last lunch period

Scenario #2 On occasion, the cafeteria will have leftovers following the last lunch period and will offer them to the boys in the group. Is this practice discriminatory and if so on what basis? 30

Scenario #2 A. Yes, based on sex B. Yes, based on age C. Yes,

Scenario #2 A. Yes, based on sex B. Yes, based on age C. Yes, based on national origin D. No, boys need more food 31

Summary of CR ü Prominently display the And Justice for All poster ü Non-discrimination

Summary of CR ü Prominently display the And Justice for All poster ü Non-discrimination statement must be on all printed ü ü ü 32 materials available to the public which mention USDA and/or Child Nutrition meals and snacks Collect and maintain Racial/Ethnic Data annually Make reasonable accommodations for persons with disabilities Train staff annually on Civil Rights and document the training Develop & fully implement the sponsor’s CR Complaint Procedure Make available to all staff Civil Rights complaint form and Civil Rights Log