# Circuits Reviewing terms Series and Parallel Circuits Key

- Slides: 29

Circuits

Reviewing terms

Series and Parallel Circuits Key Question: How do series and parallel circuits work?

Series and Parallel Circuits l In series circuits, current can only take one path. l The amount of current is the same at all points in a series circuit.

Adding resistances in series l Each resistance in a series circuit adds to the total resistance of the circuit. Rtotal = R 1 + R 2 + R 3. . . Total resistance (ohms) Individual resistances (W)

Total resistance in a series circuit l Light bulbs, resistors, motors, and heaters usually have much greater resistance than wires and batteries.

Voltage l Voltage is the rate at which energy is drawn from a source that produces a flow of electricity in a circuit; expressed in volts

Voltage in a series circuit l Each separate resistance creates a voltage drop as the current passes through. l As current flows along a series circuit, each type of resistor transforms some of the electrical energy into another form of energy

Series and Parallel Circuits l In parallel circuits the current can take more than one path. l Because there are multiple branches, the current is not the same at all points in a parallel circuit.

Series and Parallel Circuits l When analyzing a parallel circuit, remember that the current always has to go somewhere.

Voltage and current in a parallel circuit l In a parallel circuit the voltage is the same across each branch because each branch has a low resistance path back to the battery. l The amount of current in each branch in a parallel circuit is not necessarily the same. l The resistance in each branch determines the current in that branch.

Advantages of parallel circuits Parallel circuits have two big advantages over series circuits: 1. Each device in the circuit sees the full battery voltage. 2. Each device in the circuit may be turned off independently without stopping the current flowing to other devices in the circuit.

Short circuit l A short circuit is a parallel path in a circuit with zero or very low resistance. Short circuits can be made accidentally by connecting a wire between two other wires at different voltages. l Short circuits are dangerous because they can draw huge amounts of current. l

Resistance in parallel circuits l Adding resistance in parallel provides another path for current, and more current flows. l When more current flows for the same voltage, the total resistance of the circuit decreases. l This happens because every new path in a parallel circuit allows more current to flow for the same voltage.

Electric Power, AC, and DC Electricity Key Question: How much does electricity cost and what do you pay for?

Electric Power, AC, and DC Electricity l The watt (W) is a unit of power. l Power is the rate at which energy moves or is used. l Since energy is measured in joules, power is measured in joules per second. l One joule per second is equal to one watt.

Power in electric circuits l One watt is a pretty small amount of power. l In everyday use, larger units are more convenient to use. l A kilowatt (k. W) is equal to 1, 000 watts. l The other common unit of power often seen on electric motors is the horsepower. l One horsepower is 746 watts.

Paying for electricity Electric companies charge for the number of kilowatt-hours used during a set period of time, often a month. l One kilowatt-hour (k. Wh) means that a kilowatt of power has been used for one hour. l Since power multiplied by time is energy, a kilowatt-hour is a unit of energy. l

Alternating and direct current l DC—Direct Current —produced by solar cells and chemical cells (batteries) l Current only flows in one direction. l One end of the battery is positive and the other end is negative.

Alternating and direct current l AC—Alternating Current l Current flows back and forth (alternates) l Found in homes l Generators produce AC current

Application: Wiring in Homes and Buildings

Application: Wiring in Homes and Buildings

Toll Road—Circuit Analogy

Toll Booth Explanation l Adding toll booths in series increases resistance and slows the current flow. l Adding toll booths in parallel lowers resistance and increases the current flow.

Batteries in Series & Parallel:

- Advantages of parallel circuits over series circuit
- Chapter 5 section 4: the minor parties answer key
- Reviewing key terms
- Reviewing key terms
- Pros and cons of series circuits
- Differences between series and parallel circuits
- How do series and parallel circuits differ
- Parallel circuit characteristics
- Chapter 23 series and parallel circuits study guide answers
- Series and parallel circuits
- Lesson 8 comparing series and parallel rlc circuits
- Series circuit facts
- Bill nye series and parallel circuits
- Venn diagram of heat and electricity
- Every circuit
- Lesson 8: comparing series and parallel rlc circuits
- Series and parallel circuits rules
- Reviewing key concepts: flatworms, annelids, and roundworms
- Mitochondria function
- Voltage in parallel circuit
- Reviewing key concepts reproductive barriers
- Reviewing concepts and vocabulary chapter 1
- Business communication chapter 6
- Chapter 20 patient collections and financial management
- Marzano element 14
- Preparatory arranging social work
- Reviewing the literature
- What is reviewing
- Polynomial degrees and terms
- Math combining like terms