- Slides: 32
Christ, our Passover For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: Therefore let us keep the feast, . . . [1 Cor 5: 7 -8]
Passover / “The Festival of Redemption” • Passover is called by the Jews “The Festival of Redemption” – “The Jewish Festivals” by Hayyim Schauss pg 38 • The Messiah is our Redeemer (Galations 3: 13; Titus 2: 13 -14 and more)
Exodus 12: 3 -4 • a lamb for an house: • If your house be to little for the lamb then you could share with a neighbor
Exodus 12: 5 • The lamb was to be without blemish – The Jews would bring the lamb into Jerusalem on the 10 th day of Abib where the Levite priests would examine them and approve the unblemished ones for sacrifice • The Lamb of God [John 1: 29] was without blemish – 1 Peter 1: 18 -19 – John 19: 4 & 6; Luke 23: 4 & 14
Exodus 12: 6 a • And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of [the first month] • The Messiah was sacrificed on the fourteenth day of the first month (on Passover).
Exodus 12: 6 b • And the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it • Everyone who has ever lived is responsible for killing the Messiah
Exodus 12: 6 c • Shall be killed between the evening – “The regular afternoon sacrifices at the Temple is offered an hour earlier than usual and at about three o’clock the people begin the slaughtering of the [Passover] sacrifice” – The Jewish Festivals by Hayyim Schauss pg 53 – For more info, see “The Seven Festivals of the Messiah” by Edward Chumney pg 29
The Thigh bone is connected to the Hip bone • Not a bone on the Passover lamb was to be broken [Exodus 12: 46] • None of the Messiah’s bones were broken [John 19: 33 -36]
• The Messiah was killed at the 9 th hour. (Matthew 27: 45 -50) – During that time, the hours began at sun rise (about 6 am). This would mean that the 9 th hour was at 3: 00 pm.
Spring Cleaning • In preparation of the Passover, the Jews would go through their house in search for leaven (leaven represents sin [Matthew 16: 6 -12, Luke 12: 1, 1 Corinthians 5: 2 -8]) and clean all the leaven from their house. It was custom to do this on the 13 th day of the first month – “The Jewish Festivals” by Hayyim Schauss pg 71 -72 • At the same time the Jews were cleaning the leaven out of their houses in preparation of Passover, Yahweh was cleaning the leaven (sin) out of His house (the Temple) Matthew 21: 1 -13
Some Traditions were Fulfilled
The Third Hour • On the fourteenth day [of the first month] at the third hour of the day (9: 00 am), the high priest took the lamb and ascended the altar so he could tie the lamb in place on the altar. - “The Seven Festivals of the Messiah” by Edward Chumney pg 45 • The Messiah was put on the cross on the third hour (Mark 15: 25)
“I thirst” • “In Jesus’ day, vinegar was soured wine, plain and unmixed. This was given to Jesus when He said, ‘I thirst’ (John 19: 2830). This was simultaneously spoken by the high priest on the temple mount. ” – “The Passion – What Does it Mean? ” by Dr. Bree Keyton
“It is Finished” • “At the time of the evening sacrifice (3: 00 pm) for Passover the high priest ascended the altar, cut the throat of the lamb with a knife, and said the words, “It is finished”. – “The Seven Festivals of the Messiah” by Edward Chumney pg 45 -46. • While the high priest was saying “It is finished” (referring to the Passover sacrifice), THE High Priest was saying the exact words (referring to THE Passover sacrifice). [John 19: 30 and Matthew 27: 46, 50]
The Name on The Lamb • “During the Passover celebration, the Jewish people used a copper tag, bearing the name of their family to identify their Passover Lamb. It was hung around the lamb’s neck by a red rope and used to identify the lamb after the priests sacrificed it. ” -Rav Yosef L. Boleware (Congregation Beit Lechem)
• we must remember that the inscription was recorded in Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Y’shua, meaning "salvation" was His name in Hebrew, which translates to Iesus in the Greek. In Hebrew "the Nazarene" would be written "Ha. Natzri". • So the inscription over His head, "Y’shua of Nazareth, the King of the Jews would have appeared as follows: • In Latin: "IESVS NAZARENVS REX IUDAEVORVM" • Without understanding the intricacies of the Hebrew language and style of writing, most modern-day Believers fail to recognize the significance of these translations. The Jewish scribes of that day used a method in interpretation where the first letters of a sequence of words were combined in order to understand further meanings, especially if the first letters were enlarged for emphasis. -(All of the above)-Rav Yosef L. Boleware (Congregation Beit Lechem)
“Another Sign in the Sign” • In Latin: "IESVS NAZARENVS REX IUDAEVORVM" • In Hebrew: “Yeshua Hanatzri Vemelech Hayehudim” • YHVH - (all above) Rav Yosef L. Boleware (Congregation Beit Lechem)
• This could be the reason that the chief priests said to Pilate, “Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. ” – John 19: 21 – Why else would they want Pilate to change the sign when just a little earlier, they were mocking Jesus saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” – Matthew 27: 29
Y-H-V-H in Ancient Hebrew
• • Y = Hands H = Behold V = Nails H = Behold
“This is My Body” • The afikomen is what Jesus was referring to when he said, “this is my body” (Matthew 26: 26, Mark 14: 22, Luke 22: 19)
The Seder and the Afikomen • “The feast ends with the eating of the afikomon, the half-matsoh that the master hid beneath a cushion at the very start of the Seder, and guarded closely throughout the service, for one of the children tried to steal it away from him” – “The Jewish Festivals” by Hayyim Schauss pg 75 • The Afikomen was also wrapped in a napkin – “The Seven Festivals of the Messiah” by Edward Chumney pg 43
Calming the Stormy Seas • “[The] Moroccan Jews carry away with them from the Seder a piece of the afikomon, the matsoh saved for the end of the meal. They carry it as a safeguard on ocean voyages and throw it into the waters in time of storm, claiming that it has powers to calm the sea. ” – “The Jewish Festivals” by Hayyim Schauss pg 67
More on the Afikomen • It was unleavened – Leaven represents sin (Matthew 16: 6, 11 -12) • Some European Jews believe that the afikomen could heal the sick – “Christ in the Passover” video by The Friends of Israel
The Afikomen was Striped and Pierced
The “Crowned Sacrifice” • “Following the Passover lamb being killed, it was prepared to be cooked. The tractate Pesahim in the Mishnah details how the lamb is traditionally prepared for cooking. In preparing the lamb, the intestines are removed and wrapped around the lamb's head. The lamb is called the crowned sacrifice. ” -http: //www. hebroots. com/pass_chr. html
The Lamb was roasted on a Cross • “In order to make certain the lamb is evenly cooked from inside out, a pomegranate stick is thrust through the lamb from bottom to top in a vertical position. The lamb's carcass is held open by placing a cross piece in a horizontal position and tying a leg on each end. ” – http: //www. hebroots. com/pass_chr. html
At same time the Jews were looking so hard for the Messiah, the Messiah came! • “The highest point in the evolution of the Pesach (Passover) came in the last century of the second Temple, when the Jews suffered from the heavy oppression of the Romans. It was during this period that the Messianic hope flamed up, and in the minds of the Jews the deliverance of the future became bound up with the first redemption in Jewish history: the deliverance from Egypt. . . This belief gained added strength in this period of Roman occupation and oppression. .
. . . Jews began to believe that the Messiah would be a second Moses and would free the Jews the self-same eve, the eve of [Passover]. So [Passover] became the festival of the second as well as the first redemption; in every part of the world where Jews lived, especially in Palestine, Jewish hearts beat faster on the eve of [Passover], beat with the hope that this night the Jews would be freed from bondage of Rome, just as their ancestors were released from Egyptian slavery. " -The Jewish Festivals; by Hayyim Schauss pg 46 -47
Looking so Hard with Blinders On • This would mean that during the same time when the Jews were looking the hardest for the Messiah to come to redeem them, the Messiah DID come to redeem them.
I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture. [John 10: 9] • The blood of the Passover lamb was put on the doorposts for death to pass over their houses. • When we accept God's perfect sacrifice for our sins, we enter into God's family. By faith, we walk though the doorway into God's house, through the blood of The Lamb (Christ) that is on the doorposts, and death will pass over us!
Why Can’t the Jews see the Messiah in the Passover • The way I see it, there are three reasons why the Jews can’t see: – 1. Because the Spirit has blinded them. . or. . – 2. The “Christians” persecuted the Jews. . or. . . – 3. Because Jews study the Torah. They know the Torah is forever. The know it is holy and good and that the Messiah would not do away with such a holy and good law. Since most Christians believe that the Messiah did do away with the law, the Jews don’t even bother looking into “Christianity”.