Chemistry in Biology Section 1 Atoms Elements and

  • Slides: 98
Download presentation

Chemistry in Biology Section 1: Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Section 2: Chemical Reactions Section

Chemistry in Biology Section 1: Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Section 2: Chemical Reactions Section 3: Water and Solutions Section 4: The Building Blocks of Life Click on a lesson name to select.

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Crash Course Chemistry #1 §

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Crash Course Chemistry #1 § Chemistry is the study of matter. § Atoms are the building blocks of matter. 3 subparticles: § Protons-positive charge-in nucleus § Neutrons-no charge-in nucleus § Electrons-negative charge-located outside the nucleus in shells, orbitals or levels.

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Elements § An element is

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Elements § An element is a pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by physical or chemical means. § There are over 100 known elements, 92 of which occur naturally. § Each element has a unique name and symbol.

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds The Periodic Table of Elements-watch

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds The Periodic Table of Elements-watch Brain POP: Periodic Table § Horizontal rows are called periods. § Vertical columns are called groups. What are some groups?

Charges • Atoms can gain or lose electrons in bonding to become more stable.

Charges • Atoms can gain or lose electrons in bonding to become more stable. • This can lead to a charge on the atom. • Atoms with a charge are called ions

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Isotopes § Atoms of the

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Isotopes § Atoms of the same element that have the same number of protons and electrons but have a different number of neutrons

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Radioactive Isotopes § When a

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Radioactive Isotopes § When a nucleus breaks apart, it gives off radiation that can be detected and used for many applications. § DO: Elements Worksheet. Hint: Atomic number= # of p+, also gives # of e. Atomic Mass or mass number=# p+ plus #n

How are electrons arrange around the Nucleus? • Electrons are in orbitals or shells-in

How are electrons arrange around the Nucleus? • Electrons are in orbitals or shells-in constant motion • Electrons aren’t always uniformly spread around nucleus • Orbitals can hold a specific number of electrons 1 -can only hold 2 2 -can only hold 8 3 -can hold 18 total in sublevels • 8 electrons make it stable • DO: Atomic Models Practice

Lewis Dot Diagrams • Show valence electrons only • Symbol and electrons • Find

Lewis Dot Diagrams • Show valence electrons only • Symbol and electrons • Find valence electrons by using periodic table ( see next slide) DO: Lewis Dot diagrams practice

Groups - Review Group 1 = 1 electron Group 2 = 2 electrons 3,

Groups - Review Group 1 = 1 electron Group 2 = 2 electrons 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 www. chem 4 kids. c om Group 8 = 8 electrons Except for He, it has 2 electrons • Each column is called a “group” • Each element in a group has the same number of electrons in their outer orbital, also known as “shells”. • The electrons in the outer shell are called “valence electrons”

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds § A pure substance formed

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds § A pure substance formed when two or more different elements combine § Compounds are always formed from a specific combination of elements in a fixed ratio. § Compounds cannot be broken down into simpler compounds or elements by physical means.

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Chemical Bonds § Covalent bonds

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Chemical Bonds § Covalent bonds § Chemical bond that forms when electrons are shared § A molecule is a compound in which the atoms are held together by covalent bonds.

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Ionic Bonds § Electrical attraction

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Ionic Bonds § Electrical attraction between two oppositely charged atoms or groups of atoms

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds § Some atoms tend to

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds § Some atoms tend to donate or accept electrons more easily than other atoms. § The elements identified as metals tend to donate electrons. § The elements identified as nonmetals tend to accept electrons. Watch: Dogs Teaching Chemistry Chemical Bonds: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=m. L 425 rf. QYMw

Bonding Practice Determine the type of bond and draw a Lewis Dot Diagram to

Bonding Practice Determine the type of bond and draw a Lewis Dot Diagram to show the bond. Also include the formula. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Hydrogen and hydrogen Sodium and Bromine Hydrogen and Oxygen Sodium and Oxygen Calcium and Chlorine Carbon and Hydrogen

Counting Atoms Compound Element in compound and # of atoms Total # of atoms

Counting Atoms Compound Element in compound and # of atoms Total # of atoms in compound H 2 O C 2 H 4 O 2 Mg(OH)2 H 3 PO 4 Hydrogen-2 Oxygen-1 3

Compound Element in compound and # of atoms Total # of atoms in compound

Compound Element in compound and # of atoms Total # of atoms in compound 2 H 2 SO 4 (NH 4)3 PO 4 C 6 H 12 O 6 4 Ca. CO 3

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions Reactants and Products § A chemical reaction

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions Reactants and Products § A chemical reaction is the process by which atoms or groups of atoms in substances are reorganized into different substances. § Clues that a chemical reaction has taken place include the production of heat or light, and formation of a gas, liquid, or solid.

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions Chemical Equations § Chemical formulas describe the

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions Chemical Equations § Chemical formulas describe the substances in the reaction and arrows indicate the process of change. § Reactants are the starting substances, on the left side of the arrow. § Products are the substances formed during the reaction, on the right side of the arrow.

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions § Glucose and oxygen react to form

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions § Glucose and oxygen react to form carbon dioxide and water.

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions Balanced Equations § The law of conservation

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions Balanced Equations § The law of conservation of mass states matter cannot be created or destroyed. § The number of atoms of each element on the reactant side must equal the number of atoms of the same element on the product side.

Practice Equations •

Practice Equations •

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions Energy of Reactions § The activation energy

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions Energy of Reactions § The activation energy is the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form products in a chemical reaction.

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions § This reaction is exothermic and released

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions § This reaction is exothermic and released heat energy. § The energy of the product is lower than the energy of the reactants.

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions § This reaction is endothermic and absorbed

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions § This reaction is endothermic and absorbed heat energy. § The energy of the products is higher than the energy of the reactants.

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions Enzymes § A catalyst is a substance

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions Enzymes § A catalyst is a substance that lowers the activation energy needed to start a chemical reaction. § It does not increase how much product is made and it does not get used up in the reaction. § ***Enzymes are biological catalysts.

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions § The reactants that bind to the

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions § The reactants that bind to the enzyme are called substrates. § The specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme is called the active site.

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions § The active site changes shape and

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Chemical Reactions § The active site changes shape and forms the enzyme-substrate complex, which helps chemical bonds in the reactants to be broken and new bonds to form. § Factors such as p. H, temperature, and other substances affect enzyme activity. Enzyme video

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions Water’s Polarity § Molecules that have

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions Water’s Polarity § Molecules that have an unequal distribution of charges are called polar molecules. § Polarity is the property of having two opposite poles. § A hydrogen bond is a weak interaction involving a hydrogen atom and a fluorine, oxygen, or nitrogen atom.

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds van der Waals Forces §

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Atoms, Elements, and Compounds van der Waals Forces § When molecules come close together, the attractive forces between slightly positive and negative regions pull on the molecules and hold them together. § The strength of the attraction depends on the size of the molecule, its shape, and its ability to attract electrons. § Water molecules are attracted to each otherallows formation of water drops and a surface of water. § How Do Geckos Defy Gravity?

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions Enzyme-Controlled Reactions

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions Enzyme-Controlled Reactions

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions Homogenous Mixtures § A mixture that

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions Homogenous Mixtures § A mixture that has a uniform composition throughout § A solvent is a substance in which another substance is dissolved. § A solute is the substance that is dissolved in the solvent.

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions Heterogeneous Mixtures § In a heterogeneous

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions Heterogeneous Mixtures § In a heterogeneous mixture, the components remain distinct.

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions Acids and Bases (Watch Brain POP:

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions Acids and Bases (Watch Brain POP: Acids and Bases) § Substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water are called acids. § Substances that release hydroxide ions (OH–) when dissolved in water are called bases.

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions p. H and Buffers § The

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions p. H and Buffers § The measure of concentration of H+ in a solution is called p. H. § Acidic solutions have p. H values lower than 7. § Basic solutions have p. H values higher than 7.

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions § Buffers are mixtures that can

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Water and Solutions § Buffers are mixtures that can react with acids or bases to keep the p. H within a particular range. § Ex) Buffers in the human body keep p. H of blood of 7. 4 (maintain homeostasis): Carbonic-Acid-Bicarbonate Buffer Watch Brain POP: p. H

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life Organic Chemistry § The

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life Organic Chemistry § The element carbon is a component of almost all biological molecules.

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § Carbon has four

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § Carbon has four electrons in its outermost energy level. § One carbon atom can form four covalent bonds with other atoms. § Carbon compounds can be in the shape of straight chains, branched chains, and rings.

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life Macromolecules § Carbon atoms

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life Macromolecules § Carbon atoms can be joined to form carbon molecules. § Macromolecules are large molecules formed by joining smaller organic molecules together. § Polymers are molecules made from repeating units of identical or nearly identical compounds linked together by a series of covalent bonds.

Macromolecules-watch AS: Biomolecules , use the Card Sort Activity to help you fill out

Macromolecules-watch AS: Biomolecules , use the Card Sort Activity to help you fill out the chart Macromolecule Carbohydrates Description Monomer (basic unit) Function Composed of elements Examples Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids

Macromolecules

Macromolecules

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life Carbohydrates § Compounds composed

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life Carbohydrates § Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms for each carbon atom—(CH 2 O)n

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § Values of n

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § Values of n ranging from three to seven are called simple sugars, or monosaccharides. § Two monosaccharides joined together form a disaccharide. § Longer carbohydrate molecules are called polysaccharides.

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life Lipids § Molecules made

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life Lipids § Molecules made mostly of carbon and hydrogen § A triglyceride is a fat if it is solid at room temperature and an oil if it is liquid at room temperature.

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § Lipids that have

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § Lipids that have tail chains with only single bonds between the carbon atoms are called saturated fats. § Lipids that have at least one double bond between carbon atoms in the tail chain are called unsaturated fats. § Fats with more than one double bond in the tail are called polyunsaturated fats.

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life Proteins § A compound

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life Proteins § A compound made of small carbon compounds called amino acids § Amino acids are small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, and sometimes sulfur.

Amino Acids • Humans can produce 10 of the 20 amino acids. The others

Amino Acids • Humans can produce 10 of the 20 amino acids. The others must be supplied in the food. • Essential amino acids must be consumed every day-the body cannot make them

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § Amino acids have

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § Amino acids have a central carbon atom. § One of the four carbon bonds is with hydrogen. § The other three bonds are with an amino group (–NH 2), a carboxyl group (–COOH), and a variable group (–R).

Amino Acids

Amino Acids

Amino Acids

Amino Acids

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § The number and

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § The number and the order in which the amino acids are joined define the protein’s primary structure. § After an amino acid chain is formed, it folds into a unique three-dimensional shape, which is the protein’s secondary structure, such as a helix or a pleat.

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § Nucleic acids are

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology The Building Blocks of Life § Nucleic acids are complex macromolecules that store and transmit genetic information. § Nucleic acids are made of smaller repeating subunits called nucleotides, composed of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and hydrogen atoms.

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Resource Menu Chapter Diagnostic Questions Formative Test Questions Chapter

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Resource Menu Chapter Diagnostic Questions Formative Test Questions Chapter Assessment Questions Standardized Test Practice connected. mcgraw-hill. com Glencoe Biology Transparencies Image Bank Vocabulary Animation Click on a hyperlink to view the corresponding feature.

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Diagnostic Questions Which of the following particles is negatively

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Diagnostic Questions Which of the following particles is negatively charged? A. electron B. isotope C. neutron D. proton 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Diagnostic Questions Isotopes are created by a change in

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Diagnostic Questions Isotopes are created by a change in the number of what particle of an atom? A. electrons B. neutrons C. protons D. ions 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Diagnostic Questions Identify the proteins that speed up the

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Diagnostic Questions Identify the proteins that speed up the rate of chemical reactions. A. substrates B. enzymes C. ions D. reactants 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 1 Formative Questions What particles are in an atom’s

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 1 Formative Questions What particles are in an atom’s nucleus? A. neutrons and electrons B. protons and electrons C. protons and neutrons 1. 2. 3. A B C

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 1 Formative Questions What causes the overall charge of

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 1 Formative Questions What causes the overall charge of an atom to be zero? A. an equal number of protons and neutrons B. an equal number of protons and electrons C. an equal number of neutrons and 1. A electrons 2. B 3. C

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 1 Formative Questions What type of substance is water?

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 1 Formative Questions What type of substance is water? A. a compound B. an element C. an isotope D. a mixture 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 1 Formative Questions What provides the energy for all

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 1 Formative Questions What provides the energy for all living processes? A. chemical bonds B. ionic compounds C. radioactive isotopes D. van der Waals forces 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 2 Formative Questions Which is a chemical reaction? A.

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 2 Formative Questions Which is a chemical reaction? A. a match burning B. salt dissolving C. water boiling D. gasoline evaporating 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 2 Formative Questions Which chemical reaction is endothermic? A.

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 2 Formative Questions Which chemical reaction is endothermic? A. B. 1. A 2. B

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 2 Formative Questions How does an enzyme increase the

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 2 Formative Questions How does an enzyme increase the rate of a chemical reaction? A. It acts as a reactant. B. It reduces the amount of heat produced. 1. 2. 3. 4. C. It increases the amount of product. D. It lowers the activation energy. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 2 Formative Questions What occurs at the active site

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 2 Formative Questions What occurs at the active site in the enzyme substrate complex? A. An exothermic chemical reaction takes place. B. Chemical bonds are broken and new bonds are formed. 1. A C. The enzyme gets used up in the reaction. 2. B 3. C D. The substrates provide energy for the enzyme. 4. D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 3 Formative Questions Why is water able to dissolve

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 3 Formative Questions Why is water able to dissolve a wide variety of solutes? A. It acts as a catalyst. B. Its p. H is neutral. C. It is a polar molecule. D. It is an ionic compound. 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 3 Formative Questions What type of bonds attracts water

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 3 Formative Questions What type of bonds attracts water molecules to each other and to other substances? A. covalent bonds B. double bonds C. hydrogen bonds D. ionic bonds 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 3 Formative Questions Which ion, when released in water,

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 3 Formative Questions Which ion, when released in water, causes a solution to be basic? A. Cl– B. OH– C. H+ D. Na+ 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 3 Formative Questions What is the name for a

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 3 Formative Questions What is the name for a substance that keeps the p. H in cells within the 6. 5 to 7. 5 p. H range? A. alkali B. antacid C. buffer D. neutralizer 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions Which element do almost all biological

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions Which element do almost all biological molecules contain? A. carbon B. nitrogen C. phosphorus D. sodium 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions How many covalent bonds can carbon

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions How many covalent bonds can carbon form with other atoms? A. 1 B. 2 C. 4 D. 8 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions What type of biological molecule is

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions What type of biological molecule is an enzyme? A. hormone B. nucleic acid C. protein D. steroid 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions What are fats, oils, and waxes

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions What are fats, oils, and waxes composed of? A. lipids B. nucleotides C. polypeptides D. sugars 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions What are the monomers that make

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions What are the monomers that make up proteins? A. amino acids B. fatty acids C. glycerols D. nucleotides 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions Which biological molecule transports substances between

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Section 4 Formative Questions Which biological molecule transports substances between cells? A. carbohydrate B. lipid C. nucleic acid D. protein 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Assessment Questions ? Look at the following figure. Determine

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Assessment Questions ? Look at the following figure. Determine what the upward curve represents. A. activation energy B. reactants C. products D. enzymes 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Assessment Questions Look at the energy levels in the

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Assessment Questions Look at the energy levels in the atom. What is the maximum number of electrons energy level two can hold? A. 2 B. 4 C. 6 D. 8 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Assessment Questions Explain why chemical equations must be balanced.

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Chapter Assessment Questions Explain why chemical equations must be balanced. Answer: Chemical reactions require balance of mass. Therefore, the number of atoms of each element on the reactant side must equal the number of atoms of the same element on the product side.

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice Which is a result of van der

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice Which is a result of van der Waals forces? A. atoms sharing electrons B. table salt dissolving in water C. ionic compounds forming crystals D. water molecules forming droplets 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice What is true of this chemical reaction?

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice What is true of this chemical reaction? A. Energy is not needed to start the chemical reaction. B. Heat and/or light energy are released in this reaction. C. The activation energy is greater than the energy released. D. The energy of the products and the reactants is the same. 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice Which fruit contains a higher concentration of

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice Which fruit contains a higher concentration of hydrogen ions? A. tomatoes B. bananas 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice What do cellulose and chitin have in

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice What do cellulose and chitin have in common? A. B. C. D. They are energy-storing polymers. They are found in the cells of animals. They are structural polysaccharides. They are composed of repeating 1. A 2. B sucrose units. 3. C 4. D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice Which polysaccharide stores energy in muscle and

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice Which polysaccharide stores energy in muscle and liver tissue? A. gluten B. glycogen C. starch D. sucrolose 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice What is the function of this biological

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice What is the function of this biological macromolecule? A. communicate signals between cells B. produce vitamins and hormones C. provide support and protection D. store and transmit genetic information 1. 2. 3. 4. A B C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice Which is a characteristic of all lipids?

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Standardized Test Practice Which is a characteristic of all lipids? A. They are saturated triglycerides. B. They do not dissolve in water. C. They are liquid at room temperature. D. They store less energy than 1. A carbohydrates. 2. B 3. 4. C D

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Glencoe Biology Transparencies

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Glencoe Biology Transparencies

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Image Bank

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Image Bank

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Image Bank

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Image Bank

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Vocabulary Section 1 atom compound nucleus proton neutron electron

Section 1 Chemistry in Biology Vocabulary Section 1 atom compound nucleus proton neutron electron element isotope covalent bond molecule ionic bond van der Waals force

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Vocabulary Section 2 chemical reaction substrate reactant product activation

Section 2 Chemistry in Biology Vocabulary Section 2 chemical reaction substrate reactant product activation energy catalyst enzyme active site

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Vocabulary Section 3 polar molecule base hydrogen bond mixture

Section 3 Chemistry in Biology Vocabulary Section 3 polar molecule base hydrogen bond mixture solution solvent solute acid p. H buffer

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology Vocabulary Section 4 macromolecule nucleic acid polymer carbohydrate lipid

Section 4 Chemistry in Biology Vocabulary Section 4 macromolecule nucleic acid polymer carbohydrate lipid protein amino acid nucleotide

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Animation § Ionic Bonds § Enzymes § Visualizing Properties of

Chapter Chemistry in Biology Animation § Ionic Bonds § Enzymes § Visualizing Properties of Water § Polypeptides

Chapter 6 Chemistry in Biology

Chapter 6 Chemistry in Biology

Chapter Chemistry in Biology

Chapter Chemistry in Biology

Chapter Chemistry in Biology

Chapter Chemistry in Biology

Chapter Chemistry in Biology

Chapter Chemistry in Biology