Chemical Reactions Balancing Chemical Reactions Chemical Reactions Objectives

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Chemical Reactions Balancing Chemical Reactions

Chemical Reactions Balancing Chemical Reactions

Chemical Reactions Objectives List three observations that suggest that a chemical reaction has taken

Chemical Reactions Objectives List three observations that suggest that a chemical reaction has taken place List three requirements for a correctly written chemical equation Write a word equation and a formula equation for a given chemical reaction Balance a formula equation by inspection

Chemical Reactions A chemical reaction is the process by which one or more substances

Chemical Reactions A chemical reaction is the process by which one or more substances are changed into one or more different substances In any chemical reaction, the original substances are known as the reactants and the resulting substances are known as the products According to the law of conservation of mass, the total mass of reactants must equal the total mass of products for any given chemical reaction

Chemical Reactions (NH 4)2 Cr 2 O 7(s) Reactants N 2(g) + Cr 2

Chemical Reactions (NH 4)2 Cr 2 O 7(s) Reactants N 2(g) + Cr 2 O 3(s) + 4 H 2 O(g) Yields Products

Chemical Reactions Indications of a Chemical Reaction Certain easily observed changes usually indicate that

Chemical Reactions Indications of a Chemical Reaction Certain easily observed changes usually indicate that a chemical reaction has occurred Evolution of energy as heat and light Production of a gas Formation of a precipitate A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction in solution and that separates from the solution is known as a precipitate Color change

Chemical Reactions Chemical Equations The following requirements will aid you in writing and reading

Chemical Reactions Chemical Equations The following requirements will aid you in writing and reading chemical equations correctly The equation must represent known facts The equation must contain the correct formulas for the reactants and products The law of conservation of mass must be satisfied

Chemical Reactions Diatomic Molecules Pg. 263

Chemical Reactions Diatomic Molecules Pg. 263

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations The first step in writing a chemical equation

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations The first step in writing a chemical equation is to identify the facts to be represented A word equation is an equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical reaction are represented by words methane + oxygen carbon dioxide + water A word equation is qualitative

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations The next step in writing a correct chemical

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations The next step in writing a correct chemical equation is to replace the names of the reactants and products with appropriate symbols and formulas A formula equation represents the reactants and products of a chemical reaction by their symbols or formulas CH 4(g) + O 2(g) CO 2(g) + H 2 O(g) not balanced

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations To complete the process of writing a correct

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations To complete the process of writing a correct equation, the law of conservation of mass must be taken into account The relative amounts of reactants and products represented in the equation must be adjusted so that the numbers and types of atoms are the same on both sides of the equation This process is called balancing an equation and is carried out by inserting coefficients

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations To balance the equation, begin by counting atoms

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations To balance the equation, begin by counting atoms of elements that are combined with atoms of other elements and that appear only once on each side of the equation CH 4(g) + O 2(g) CO 2(g) + 2 H 2 O(g) Partially Balanced CH 4(g) + 2 O 2(g) CO 2(g) + 2 H 2 O(g) Balanced

Chemical Reactions Formula Equation Symbols Pg. 266

Chemical Reactions Formula Equation Symbols Pg. 266

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem Write word and formula equations for

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem Write word and formula equations for the chemical reaction that occurs when solid sodium oxide is added to water at room temperature and forms sodium hydroxide (dissolved in the water). Include symbols for physical states in the formula equation. Then balance the formula equation to give a balanced chemical equation.

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem Solution sodium oxide + water Na

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem Solution sodium oxide + water Na 2 O + H 2 O Na 2 O(s) + H 2 O(l) sodium hydroxide Na. OH Not Balanced 2 Na. OH(aq) Balanced

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem The reaction of zinc with aqueous

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem The reaction of zinc with aqueous hydrochloric acid produces a solution of zinc chloride and hydrogen gas. Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem Solution zinc + hydrochloric acid Zn(s)

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem Solution zinc + hydrochloric acid Zn(s) + HCl(aq) Zn(s) + 2 HCl(aq) (1 Zn) + (2 H + 2 Cl) zinc chloride + hydrogen Zn. Cl 2(aq) + H 2(g) Not Balanced Zn. Cl 2(aq) + H 2(g) = (1 Zn + 2 Cl) + (2 H) Balanced Atom Count

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem Solid aluminum carbide, Al 4 C

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem Solid aluminum carbide, Al 4 C 3, reacts with water to produce methane gas and solid aluminum hydroxide. Write a balanced chemical equation for this reaction

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem Solution Al 4 C 3(s) +

Chemical Reactions Word and Formula Equations Sample Problem Solution Al 4 C 3(s) + H 2 O(l) CH 4(g) + Al(OH)3(s) Al 4 C 3(s) + H 2 O(l) CH 4(g) + 4 Al(OH)3(s) Not Balanced Al 4 C 3(s) + H 2 O(l) 3 CH 4(g) + 4 Al(OH)3(s) Not Balanced Al 4 C 3(s) + 12 H 2 O(l) (4 Al + 3 C) + (24 H + 12 O) = Atom Count 3 CH 4(g) + 4 Al(OH)3(s) Balanced (3 C + 12 H) + (4 Al + 12 H + 12 O)