Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Chapter 15

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Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Chapter 15: The South and West Transformed Section

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Chapter 15: The South and West Transformed Section 1: The New South The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 VOCABULARY Cash Crop Exoduster Farmers’ Alliance Chief Joseph

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 VOCABULARY Cash Crop Exoduster Farmers’ Alliance Chief Joseph Civil Rights Act of 1875 Wounded Knee Reservation Sitting Bull Sand Creek Massacre George Custer Battle of Little Bull Horn Assimilate Dawes General Allotment Act Vigilante Transcontinental Railroad Land Grant Open-Range System The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 People Chief Joseph- Native American leader of the

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 People Chief Joseph- Native American leader of the Nez Perce tribe; was forced from his land Wounded Knee- Location of a Native American massacre in South Dakota Sitting Bull- Sioux chief during the Battle of Little Big Horn George Custer- A U. S. Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Indian The Cold War. The Begins New South Wars

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Objectives • Explain how the southern economy changed

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Objectives • Explain how the southern economy changed in the late 1800 s. • Analyze how southern farmers consolidated their political power. • Describe the experience of African Americans in the changing South. The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Terms and People • cash crop – crop

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Terms and People • cash crop – crop such as cotton and tobacco that is grown not for its own use but to be sold for cash • Farmers’ Alliance – network of farmers’ organizations that worked for political and economic reforms in the late 1800 s • Civil Rights Act of 1875 – law that banned discrimination in public facilities and transportation The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 How did the southern economy and society change

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 How did the southern economy and society change after the Civil War? In the postwar years, railroads crisscrossed the South and industries grew. Yet challenges remained—for the South’s economy and for its people. The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 In the years following the Civil War, southern

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 In the years following the Civil War, southern leaders hoped to build a “New South. ” They worked to modernize the economy by: • supporting industries • diversifying agriculture The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Textile factories and lumber mills sprang up. So

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Textile factories and lumber mills sprang up. So did iron, coal, and steel processing plants. The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Railroad construction boomed. New rail lines connected urban

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Railroad construction boomed. New rail lines connected urban hubs with rural areas, cities with towns. • Railroads moved people and products. • Cities The Cold War. The Begins New South grew.

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 • War Yet economic expansion in the South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 • War Yet economic expansion in the South lagged behind the rest of the country. damage was extensive. • The South lacked a well-trained labor force, and wages were low. • A lack of capital led to a dependence on northern bankers. The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Life was especially difficult for southern farmers. Despite

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Life was especially difficult for southern farmers. Despite efforts to diversify, most farmers still depended on cash crops. The price of cotton— their main crop— plummeted after the war. The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Along with falling prices, cotton farmers faced another

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Along with falling prices, cotton farmers faced another disaster. Boll weevils wiped out entire crops. For many farmers, it was a struggle just to survive. The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Faced with serious problems, farmers joined together to

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Faced with serious problems, farmers joined together to form the Farmers’ Alliance. • Worked to negotiate better prices on supplies, freight charges, and loan rates • Connected farmers in the South and West The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Black southerners made important political and economic advances

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Black southerners made important political and economic advances in the postwar years. Most important, they gained: • the right to vote access to education • The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 In time, however, many of the gains were

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 In time, however, many of the gains were reversed. • Groups such as the Ku Klux Klan terrorized African Americans. • Newfound freedoms were stripped away. • Segregation was enforced. The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 The Civil Rights Act of 1875 banned discrimination

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 The Civil Rights Act of 1875 banned discrimination in public facilities and transportation. The Supreme Court, however, ruled in a series o cases decided in 1883 that such decisions were local issues. Southern towns and cities used the ruling to further limit the rights of African Americans. The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Assessment 1. How did the Southern economy grow

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 Assessment 1. How did the Southern economy grow and expand? (Pg. 492 -493) 2. What factors limited economic recovery in the South? (Pg. 493) 3. What were some problems associated with agriculture at this time? (Pg. 494) 4. In what ways were the gained rights of African Americans taken away? (Pg. 495) The Cold War. The Begins New South

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 1. Industrial growth and diversified agriculture 2. War

Chapter Section 1 25 Section 1 1. Industrial growth and diversified agriculture 2. War damage, small labor force, lack of capital (supplies) 3. Southerners depended on one major crop, insects that destroyed cotton 4. Freedoms taken away with segregation in effect, laws were to be governed by individual states or municipalities The Cold War. The Begins New South