- Slides: 15
Chapter Fourteen Lecture Two
Various Deeds • Heracles wants to remarry • Eurytus’s daughter Iolê was the prize of an archery contest • Heracles wins, but Eurytus won’t give her up • Iphitus, son of Eurytus and fan of Heracles, notices that some horses are missing after Heracles leaves
Various Deeds • Iphitus can’t believe Heracles would do this, so he visits Heracles in Tiryns • Heracles kills Iphitus, thus violating xenia • Heracles must be purified, and goes to Delphi • Disgusted, Apollo at first refuses to give him advice • Heracles tries to steal the holy tripod
Various Deeds • Zeus urges an end. • Apollo orders Heracles to serve a woman for three years. • Omphalê buys him in a slave market, and the two spend their in odd sexual role reversals.
Various Deeds • Pan – Why he wears no clothes • Cecropes – “Black Buttocks” • Troy – After his release – Killed Laomedon and all his sons, except Priam (a. k. a. Podarces)
The Death of Heracles
The Death of Heracles • Battles river god Acheloüs for Deinaira • Bringing her back, they confront the centaur Nessus – He slips Deinaira a “love” potion before he dies • They proceed to Trachis • Heracles returns to Eurytus to get Iolê
The Death of Heracles • Deinaira hears of Iolê and remembers the potion. . . • In his agony, no one will light his funeral pyre • Finally, a shepherd, Philoctetes does, and gets the bow and arrows in thanks • Heracles transported to Olympus, where he lives with the gods and his new bride, Hebê
The Return of the Heraclidae
The Return of the Heraclidae • Protected in Athens • Hyllus kills and defiles Eurystheus • Heraclidae (Heraclids) take the Peloponnese in the third generation • Dorian Invasion?
Observations: Heracles Kallinikos
Heracles Kallinikos • “Glory of Hera”? • Where from? – Boeotia? the Argolid? • • Old fashioned, even in Homer A hero of excesses and danger Even shot Hera and Hades Prevails against death and is made immortal
Heracles Kallinikos • Heracles alexikakos • Serves humanity by ridding the world of dangers