- Slides: 15
Chapter 9 : Lesson 3 COMMANDER IN CHIEF AND CHIEF DIPLOMAT
Essential Question How does the president fulfill the role of Commander and Chief Diplomat?
Roles of the President 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Head of State Chief Executive Chief Diplomat Commander-in-Chief Legislator Economic Leader Party Leader
-Chief Diplomat As Chief Diplomat, the President directs the foreign policy of the United States. This is done by negotiating treaties with leaders of other nations and securing relationships with other nations – this is also called foreign affairs.
Executive agreement: Legally binding pact between the president and the head of a foreign government that does not require Senate approval.
Chief Diplomat The President utilizes his Secretary of State and ambassadors/diplomat s (people that work for the government who are assigned to a foreign nation) to create better relations and build diplomacy with other countries.
Commander-in-Chief The President is given complete control of the armed forces as “Commander-in-Chief” However, as a part of “checks & balances” only Congress can declare war (this has only happened 5 times – the last official declaration of war was Dec. 7, 1941 (World War II)
National Security: protection of a nation its land people from foreign threats, whether from governments, organized groups, or individual terrorists.
Commander-in-Chief The President has the authority to send troops into action. Since 1789, the presidents have sent troops into action over 150 times.
Commander in Chief For example, during the conflicts in both Korea and Vietnam, the President got involved in these conflicts and sent troops into battle without a declaration of war from our Congress.
Reauthorize: the act of passing legislation into law again
Commander-in-Chief After the Vietnam War, in 1973, Congress passed the “War Powers Resolution” which forced the President to notify Congress within 48 hours of sending troops into action. The President can only send troops into action for 60 days unless Congress approves an extension or war is declared.
Military Tribunal: Military court designed to try members of enemy forces during wartime, operating outside the scope of conventional criminal and civil proceedings
Review Question: Chapter 9 : Lesson 3 Read pages 271 -275 and answer Review Questions on page 275. Hand in Google Class Room.
Review! • What is one of the three Constitutional qualifications to become the President of the United States? • What do we call the indirect system used to elect our President? • How long is a presidential term? How many can they serve? • Where does the President live and work? • Who follows in order of succession if the President dies or becomes incapacitated? (_____, __________)